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  3. What To Know and Do About Ear Pain When Swallowing

    Sun, 23 Jun 2024 17:00:00 -0000

    <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/G2rfubsnPJpFz_SrIY-Hd5onpdQ&#x3D;/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc():format(jpeg)/health-GettyImages-1665396099-ec812e9fa6974dccbe24d4736412e9cc.jpg' alt='<p>Liubomyr Vorona / Getty Images</p>' title='person with ear pain when swallowing'> <figcaption> <i><p>Liubomyr Vorona / Getty Images</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><strong>Medically reviewed by Jordana Haber Hazan, MD</strong><strong>Medically reviewed by Jordana Haber Hazan, MD</strong><p>The average adult swallows about 600 times a day—a reflex you may not think about much until you experience ear pain when you swallow.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span> There are many possible causes of ear pain when swallowing. Your ears contain a complex network of nerves that provide sensation to the ears and other structures in the head and neck.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>As a result, ear pain when swallowing can stem from a problem within the ear or with nearby structures, such as the nose, throat, teeth, or jaw.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span> Depending on the cause, ear pain when you swallow may feel like a deep ache, sharp or burning pain, or pressure or fullness in one or both ears.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><p>It’s important to seek medical attention for ear pain, whether it is mild or severe. While most causes are not serious, untreated ear pain can significantly affect your quality of life.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span> But, diagnosis and timely treatment can prevent complications and help you feel better sooner. </p><h2>Potential Causes of Ear Pain When Swallowing</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/why-does-my-ear-hurt-8415252" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Ear pain</a> when swallowing can develop due to inflammation, injury, or infection affecting the near or nearby body parts, including the nose, throat, teeth, or jaw. Understanding the conditions that cause ear pain when you swallow can help you identify what is causing your pain and discomfort and know when to see a healthcare provider.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="29"></span></p><h3>Ear Infection</h3><p><a href="https://www.health.com/ear-infection-overview-7483883" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Ear infections</a> are the most common cause of ear pain when swallowing. Most ear infections involve the middle ear—the air-filled chamber behind the ear drum. Ear infections typically develop after an upper respiratory infection (such as the <a href="https://www.health.com/common-cold-overview-7109275" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">common cold</a>) and cause swelling of the <span data-tts="true">eustachian</span> tubes.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span></p><p>These tubes drain fluids from the middle ear to the back of the throat. But when these tubes become swollen, the fluids can&#39;t drain out and build up in your ear, allowing an ideal space for bacteria and viruses to flourish and cause an infection.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span> </p><p>In addition to ear pain when swallowing, ear infections can cause symptoms such as:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span></p><ul><li>A feeling of fullness in the ear</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/nasal-congestion-6979960" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Nasal congestion</a></li><li>Cough</li><li>Fever</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/nausea-7368221" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Nausea</a> or vomiting </li><li>Fluid leaking out from the ear </li><li>Loss of appetite </li></ul><p>Ear infections are most common in children, though adults can get them too. Risk factors for ear infections include allergies, a recent <a href="https://www.health.com/upper-respiratory-infection-overview-7368685" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">upper respiratory infection</a>, frequent exposure to secondhand smoke, attending daycare centers, and recent changes in climate or altitude.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span></p><h3>Throat Infection </h3><p><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/cold/sore-throat-causes" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Throat pain</a> when swallowing that radiates (spreads) to the ears is the hallmark symptom of a throat infection.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="9"></span> Viruses and bacteria that cause infections, such as the common cold, <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/flu-overview" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">influenza</a> (the flu), and strep throat, cause inflammation and swelling in the throat, leading to ear pain when swallowing and other symptoms such as:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="10"></span></p><ul><li><a href="https://www.health.com/sore-throat-7253702" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Sore throat</a></li><li>Painful swallowing</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/infectious-diseases/coronavirus/what-temperature-is-considered-a-fever-in-adults" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Fever</a></li><li>Swollen lymph nodes in the neck</li><li>Headache </li><li>Joint pain</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/oral-health/17-reasons-why-your-breath-smells-bad" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">Bad breath</a></li></ul><p>Risk factors for a throat infection include close contact with someone sick, a weakened immune system, and exposure to irritants such as cigarette smoke or air pollution.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="11"></span></p><h3>Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorders</h3><p>The <span data-tts="true">temporomandibular</span> joints (TMJ) connect the lower jaw bone to your skull on both sides of the head. <a href="https://www.health.com/tmj-overview-7499258" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">TMJ disorders</a> are a diverse group of conditions that affect the TMJ joints and surrounding muscles. These disorders commonly cause ear pain, pressure, and fullness—all of which make chewing and swallowing difficult. Common TMJ symptoms include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="12"></span></p><ul><li><a href="https://www.health.com/jaw-pain-7108136" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Jaw pain</a> and stiffness </li><li>Neck and shoulder pain </li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/headache-overview-7094882" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Headaches</a> </li><li>Clicking or popping sounds in the jaw </li><li>A locking (stuck) jaw or difficulty moving the jaw </li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/vertigo/dizziness-causes" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">Dizziness</a> </li><li>Vision problems </li></ul><p>Risk factors for TMJ disorders include a previous jaw injury or dental procedure, an overbite or underbite (misaligned jaw), underlying <a href="https://www.health.com/autoimmune-disorders-7484732" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">autoimmune disorders</a>, and teeth grinding or clenching.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="13"></span></p><h3>Glossopharyngeal Neuralgia</h3><p><span data-tts="true">Glossopharyngeal neuralgia</span> (GPN) is a rare neurological (brain-related) condition that causes recurrent episodes of severe stabbing pain in the ears, tongue, tonsils, and throat. The pain tends to affect one side of the face and throat and typically lasts between a few seconds and a few minutes. Irritation or compression of the nerve can trigger bursts of excruciating and stabbing pain.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="14"></span></p><p>The following actions may trigger this type of pain:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="14"></span></p><ul><li>Chewing </li><li>Swallowing</li><li>Yawning </li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/sinus-disorders/why-do-we-sneeze" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Sneezing</a></li><li>Talking </li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/cold/how-to-stop-coughing" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Coughing</a></li><li>Laughing </li><li>Drinking cold beverages </li></ul><p>GPN is most common in people over age 50, but other risk factors are not well understood. Some evidence suggests that a history of throat infections, head and neck surgery, tooth extractions (removals), and blood vessel abnormalities may contribute to the development of GPN.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span></p><h3>Dental Abscess</h3><p>A dental <a href="https://www.health.com/abscess-7510666" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">abscess</a> is a pocket of pus that develops due to a bacterial infection. If you have a chipped tooth or a cavity, bacteria can enter through cracks in the tooth’s enamel, causing an infection. The infection can spread from the tooth to the gums, jaw bones, and sinuses, which may cause ear pain when swallowing or chewing.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="16"></span></p><p>Other symptoms of a dental abscess include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="17"></span> </p><ul><li>Swollen, sensitive gums near the infected tooth </li><li>Bad breath</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/infectious-diseases/coronavirus/what-temperature-is-considered-a-fever-in-adults" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Fever</a></li><li>Swollen glands in the neck </li><li>Tooth sensitivity, especially to hot or cold foods and beverages </li></ul><p>Poor dental hygiene, <a href="https://www.health.com/smoking-cessation-7560530" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">smoking</a>, and a weakened immune system increase the risk of developing a dental abscess.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="16"></span></p><h3>Eagle Syndrome</h3><p>Eagle syndrome is a rare condition that causes dull, persistent throat and neck pain that may radiate to the ears and cause pain when swallowing. Eagle syndrome develops due to an elongated styloid process (a small bone that anchors tongue muscles) or a hardened <span data-tts="true">stylohyoid</span> ligament (a strong band of tissue connecting muscles to bone).eee<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span></p><p>These structures can compress nearby nerves and blood vessels, leading to pain that may feel like dull aches, sharp stabbing, or burning pain.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span></p><p>Other symptoms of this condition include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="19"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span> </p><ul><li><a href="https://www.health.com/dysphagia-7569643" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Difficulty swallowing</a></li><li>Feeling like something is stuck in your throat </li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/tinnitus-7500271" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Tinnitus</a> (ringing in the ears) </li><li>Neck and facial pain affected one or both sides</li><li>Worsening pain during certain activities, such as turning the head, yawning, or swallowing</li></ul><p>People who undergo throat surgery (such as a <span data-tts="true">tonsillectomy</span>) have an increased risk of developing Eagle syndrome.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span> </p><h3>Less Common Causes</h3><p>Other possible causes of ear pain when swallowing include: </p><ul><li><strong>Barotrauma: </strong>Changes in altitude or pressure during air travel, scuba diving, or <a href="https://www.health.com/health-benefits-of-swimming-7495578" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">swimming</a> to the bottom of a swimming pool can affect the eustachian tubes and cause ear pain that may worsen when you swallow food or saliva<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="20"></span></li><li><strong>Chronic sinusitis:</strong> Long-term <a href="https://www.health.com/inflammation-7480642" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">inflammation</a> in the sinuses can affect the ears’ eustachian tubes, causing ear pain when swallowing<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="21"></span></li><li><strong>Thyroiditis:</strong> Inflammation of the thyroid gland can cause pain that radiates to the ear when swallowing<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="22"></span></li><li><strong>Tumors: </strong><a href="https://www.health.com/tumor-7501312" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">Tumors</a> in the throat can cause ear pain, often with other symptoms such as difficulty swallowing, unexplained weight loss, and hoarseness<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="23"></span></li></ul><h2>When to Contact a Healthcare Provider</h2><p>If you&#39;re experiencing ear pain when swallowing, it&#39;s important to see a healthcare provider if the pain persists for more than a few days, is severe, or happens repeatedly. You may also consider seeking care from a provider if you ear pain occur alongside additional symptoms, such as:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><ul><li>Fever </li><li>Difficulty swallowing or breathing</li><li>Dizziness or balance problems</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/crick-in-neck-7644795" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Stiff neck</a></li><li>Headache </li><li>Swelling or redness around the affected ear</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/unintentional-weight-loss-8567548" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Unexplained weight loss</a></li></ul><h2>Diagnosis</h2><p>If you decide to seek care, understanding the diagnostic process can be helpful. Your healthcare provider will likely learn about your medical history, perform a physical examination, and order diagnostic tests.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="24"></span></p><p>Primary care providers (PCPs) can diagnose many causes of ear pain but they may refer you to an otolaryngologist (ENT), a doctor with special training in diagnosing and treating conditions that affect the ear, nose, and throat, depending on your symptoms.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="24"></span> </p><h3>Medical History </h3><p>Your healthcare provider will begin by reviewing your medical history and asking about your symptoms. They may ask you:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span> </p><ul><li>What does your pain feel like?</li><li>Which activities improve or worsen the pain?</li><li>Is your pain constant, or does it come and go?</li><li>Do you have any underlying health conditions that affect your ears?</li><li>Are you experiencing additional symptoms alongside ear pain when swallowing?</li></ul><h3>Physical Examination </h3><p>Once your provider learns more about your symptoms, they will conduct a physical exam to examine your ears using an otoscope—a tool with a light that helps visualize the inside of the ear and eardrum. They will also assess your nose, throat, mouth, jaw bones, and neck to look for signs of inflammation, infection, or other abnormalities.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span></p><h3>Diagnostic Tests</h3><p>Depending on your symptoms, your healthcare provider may order one or more of the following tests to identify the cause of ear pain when swallowing:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="25"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Audiometry: </strong>Assesses how well you hear sounds to help identify hearing loss related to ear problems<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="26"></span></li><li><strong>Throat swab:</strong> Collects a sample of <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/cold/how-to-get-rid-of-chest-congestion" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">mucus</a> or cells from the back of the throat to help identify the presence of bacteria and diagnose bacterial infections like strep throat</li><li><strong>Imaging tests:</strong> Uses technology like computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (<a href="https://www.health.com/mri-scan-7255535" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">MRI</a>) scans to identify nerve compression, tumors, and structural abnormalities and help pinpoint the source of ear pain</li><li><strong>Blood tests:</strong> Check for signs of infection or inflammation in your body</li></ul><h2>Treatment Options</h2><p>If you receive a diagnosis for ear pain when swallowing, your exact treatment plan will depend on the underlying cause of your pain and the severity of your symptoms. For mild cases, home remedies may be enough to relieve pain. However, moderate and severe pain may warrant additional medical treatments.</p><h3>Home Remedies</h3><p>Some at-home treatments may offer pain relief for some causes of ear pain. These include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Over-the-counter pain relievers:</strong> Medications like Tylenol (acetaminophen) or <a href="https://www.health.com/advil-vs-aleve-8387626" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Advil</a> (ibuprofen) can help reduce pain and inflammation</li><li><strong>Warm compress:</strong> Applying a warm water bottle or cloth to the affected ear may temporarily relieve ear pain</li><li><strong>Hydration:</strong> Drinking plenty of fluids helps thin mucus and promote drainage </li><li><strong>Ear drops: </strong>Over-the-counter ear drops may soothe ear pain</li><li><strong>Chewing gum: </strong>Chewing a piece of gum may help reduce ear pressure</li><li><strong>Jaw exercises:</strong> Gentle jaw exercises may help relieve TMJ-related pain<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="27"></span></li></ul><h3>Medical Treatments</h3><p>Some causes of ear pain when swallowing may require medications or therapies. Depending on your diagnosis, treatment may include:</p><ul><li><strong><a href="https://www.health.com/antibiotics-7574689" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Antibiotics</a>:</strong> Help eliminate infections like ear infections, strep throat, and dental abscesses<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="25"></span> </li><li><strong>Decongestants: </strong>Relieve congestion caused by ear and throat infections<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="28"></span> </li><li><strong>Antiseizure medications:</strong> Ease nerve pain that may be causing ear pain when swallowing<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="29"></span></li><li><strong><a href="https://www.health.com/physical-therapy-7481022" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Physical therapy</a>:</strong> Creates a personalized physical therapy program to help reduce your pain and improve the function and mobility of your jaw if you have TMJ<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="30"></span></li><li><strong>Surgery:</strong> Treats nerve compression (e.g., glossopharyngeal neuralgia) or a severe dental abscess causing ear pain<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span></li></ul><h2>A Quick Review</h2><p>Ear pain when swallowing can occur from ear problems, such as an ear infection, or issues with nearby structures, such as dental abscesses and TMJ disorders. If your pain affects your daily life, seeing a healthcare provider can help you get a proper diagnosis and timely treatment. Depending on the cause of your pain, your healthcare provider may recommend home remedies, medications, or therapies that relieve pain and improve your quality of life.<br/></p><p></p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/ear-pain-when-swallowing-8665443">Health.com</a>.</p>
  4. What To Know and Do About Ear Pain When Swallowing

    Sun, 23 Jun 2024 17:00:00 -0000

    <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/G2rfubsnPJpFz_SrIY-Hd5onpdQ&#x3D;/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc():format(jpeg)/health-GettyImages-1665396099-ec812e9fa6974dccbe24d4736412e9cc.jpg' alt='<p>Liubomyr Vorona / Getty Images</p>' title='person with ear pain when swallowing'> <figcaption> <i><p>Liubomyr Vorona / Getty Images</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><strong>Medically reviewed by Jordana Haber Hazan, MD</strong><strong>Medically reviewed by Jordana Haber Hazan, MD</strong><p>The average adult swallows about 600 times a day—a reflex you may not think about much until you experience ear pain when you swallow.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span> There are many possible causes of ear pain when swallowing. Your ears contain a complex network of nerves that provide sensation to the ears and other structures in the head and neck.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>As a result, ear pain when swallowing can stem from a problem within the ear or with nearby structures, such as the nose, throat, teeth, or jaw.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span> Depending on the cause, ear pain when you swallow may feel like a deep ache, sharp or burning pain, or pressure or fullness in one or both ears.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><p>It’s important to seek medical attention for ear pain, whether it is mild or severe. While most causes are not serious, untreated ear pain can significantly affect your quality of life.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span> But, diagnosis and timely treatment can prevent complications and help you feel better sooner. </p><h2>Potential Causes of Ear Pain When Swallowing</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/why-does-my-ear-hurt-8415252" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Ear pain</a> when swallowing can develop due to inflammation, injury, or infection affecting the near or nearby body parts, including the nose, throat, teeth, or jaw. Understanding the conditions that cause ear pain when you swallow can help you identify what is causing your pain and discomfort and know when to see a healthcare provider.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="29"></span></p><h3>Ear Infection</h3><p><a href="https://www.health.com/ear-infection-overview-7483883" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Ear infections</a> are the most common cause of ear pain when swallowing. Most ear infections involve the middle ear—the air-filled chamber behind the ear drum. Ear infections typically develop after an upper respiratory infection (such as the <a href="https://www.health.com/common-cold-overview-7109275" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">common cold</a>) and cause swelling of the <span data-tts="true">eustachian</span> tubes.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span></p><p>These tubes drain fluids from the middle ear to the back of the throat. But when these tubes become swollen, the fluids can&#39;t drain out and build up in your ear, allowing an ideal space for bacteria and viruses to flourish and cause an infection.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span> </p><p>In addition to ear pain when swallowing, ear infections can cause symptoms such as:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span></p><ul><li>A feeling of fullness in the ear</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/nasal-congestion-6979960" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Nasal congestion</a></li><li>Cough</li><li>Fever</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/nausea-7368221" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Nausea</a> or vomiting </li><li>Fluid leaking out from the ear </li><li>Loss of appetite </li></ul><p>Ear infections are most common in children, though adults can get them too. Risk factors for ear infections include allergies, a recent <a href="https://www.health.com/upper-respiratory-infection-overview-7368685" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">upper respiratory infection</a>, frequent exposure to secondhand smoke, attending daycare centers, and recent changes in climate or altitude.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span></p><h3>Throat Infection </h3><p><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/cold/sore-throat-causes" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Throat pain</a> when swallowing that radiates (spreads) to the ears is the hallmark symptom of a throat infection.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="9"></span> Viruses and bacteria that cause infections, such as the common cold, <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/flu-overview" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">influenza</a> (the flu), and strep throat, cause inflammation and swelling in the throat, leading to ear pain when swallowing and other symptoms such as:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="10"></span></p><ul><li><a href="https://www.health.com/sore-throat-7253702" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Sore throat</a></li><li>Painful swallowing</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/infectious-diseases/coronavirus/what-temperature-is-considered-a-fever-in-adults" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Fever</a></li><li>Swollen lymph nodes in the neck</li><li>Headache </li><li>Joint pain</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/oral-health/17-reasons-why-your-breath-smells-bad" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">Bad breath</a></li></ul><p>Risk factors for a throat infection include close contact with someone sick, a weakened immune system, and exposure to irritants such as cigarette smoke or air pollution.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="11"></span></p><h3>Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorders</h3><p>The <span data-tts="true">temporomandibular</span> joints (TMJ) connect the lower jaw bone to your skull on both sides of the head. <a href="https://www.health.com/tmj-overview-7499258" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">TMJ disorders</a> are a diverse group of conditions that affect the TMJ joints and surrounding muscles. These disorders commonly cause ear pain, pressure, and fullness—all of which make chewing and swallowing difficult. Common TMJ symptoms include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="12"></span></p><ul><li><a href="https://www.health.com/jaw-pain-7108136" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Jaw pain</a> and stiffness </li><li>Neck and shoulder pain </li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/headache-overview-7094882" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Headaches</a> </li><li>Clicking or popping sounds in the jaw </li><li>A locking (stuck) jaw or difficulty moving the jaw </li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/vertigo/dizziness-causes" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">Dizziness</a> </li><li>Vision problems </li></ul><p>Risk factors for TMJ disorders include a previous jaw injury or dental procedure, an overbite or underbite (misaligned jaw), underlying <a href="https://www.health.com/autoimmune-disorders-7484732" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">autoimmune disorders</a>, and teeth grinding or clenching.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="13"></span></p><h3>Glossopharyngeal Neuralgia</h3><p><span data-tts="true">Glossopharyngeal neuralgia</span> (GPN) is a rare neurological (brain-related) condition that causes recurrent episodes of severe stabbing pain in the ears, tongue, tonsils, and throat. The pain tends to affect one side of the face and throat and typically lasts between a few seconds and a few minutes. Irritation or compression of the nerve can trigger bursts of excruciating and stabbing pain.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="14"></span></p><p>The following actions may trigger this type of pain:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="14"></span></p><ul><li>Chewing </li><li>Swallowing</li><li>Yawning </li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/sinus-disorders/why-do-we-sneeze" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Sneezing</a></li><li>Talking </li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/cold/how-to-stop-coughing" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Coughing</a></li><li>Laughing </li><li>Drinking cold beverages </li></ul><p>GPN is most common in people over age 50, but other risk factors are not well understood. Some evidence suggests that a history of throat infections, head and neck surgery, tooth extractions (removals), and blood vessel abnormalities may contribute to the development of GPN.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span></p><h3>Dental Abscess</h3><p>A dental <a href="https://www.health.com/abscess-7510666" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">abscess</a> is a pocket of pus that develops due to a bacterial infection. If you have a chipped tooth or a cavity, bacteria can enter through cracks in the tooth’s enamel, causing an infection. The infection can spread from the tooth to the gums, jaw bones, and sinuses, which may cause ear pain when swallowing or chewing.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="16"></span></p><p>Other symptoms of a dental abscess include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="17"></span> </p><ul><li>Swollen, sensitive gums near the infected tooth </li><li>Bad breath</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/infectious-diseases/coronavirus/what-temperature-is-considered-a-fever-in-adults" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Fever</a></li><li>Swollen glands in the neck </li><li>Tooth sensitivity, especially to hot or cold foods and beverages </li></ul><p>Poor dental hygiene, <a href="https://www.health.com/smoking-cessation-7560530" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">smoking</a>, and a weakened immune system increase the risk of developing a dental abscess.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="16"></span></p><h3>Eagle Syndrome</h3><p>Eagle syndrome is a rare condition that causes dull, persistent throat and neck pain that may radiate to the ears and cause pain when swallowing. Eagle syndrome develops due to an elongated styloid process (a small bone that anchors tongue muscles) or a hardened <span data-tts="true">stylohyoid</span> ligament (a strong band of tissue connecting muscles to bone).eee<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span></p><p>These structures can compress nearby nerves and blood vessels, leading to pain that may feel like dull aches, sharp stabbing, or burning pain.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span></p><p>Other symptoms of this condition include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="19"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span> </p><ul><li><a href="https://www.health.com/dysphagia-7569643" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Difficulty swallowing</a></li><li>Feeling like something is stuck in your throat </li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/tinnitus-7500271" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Tinnitus</a> (ringing in the ears) </li><li>Neck and facial pain affected one or both sides</li><li>Worsening pain during certain activities, such as turning the head, yawning, or swallowing</li></ul><p>People who undergo throat surgery (such as a <span data-tts="true">tonsillectomy</span>) have an increased risk of developing Eagle syndrome.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span> </p><h3>Less Common Causes</h3><p>Other possible causes of ear pain when swallowing include: </p><ul><li><strong>Barotrauma: </strong>Changes in altitude or pressure during air travel, scuba diving, or <a href="https://www.health.com/health-benefits-of-swimming-7495578" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">swimming</a> to the bottom of a swimming pool can affect the eustachian tubes and cause ear pain that may worsen when you swallow food or saliva<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="20"></span></li><li><strong>Chronic sinusitis:</strong> Long-term <a href="https://www.health.com/inflammation-7480642" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">inflammation</a> in the sinuses can affect the ears’ eustachian tubes, causing ear pain when swallowing<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="21"></span></li><li><strong>Thyroiditis:</strong> Inflammation of the thyroid gland can cause pain that radiates to the ear when swallowing<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="22"></span></li><li><strong>Tumors: </strong><a href="https://www.health.com/tumor-7501312" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">Tumors</a> in the throat can cause ear pain, often with other symptoms such as difficulty swallowing, unexplained weight loss, and hoarseness<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="23"></span></li></ul><h2>When to Contact a Healthcare Provider</h2><p>If you&#39;re experiencing ear pain when swallowing, it&#39;s important to see a healthcare provider if the pain persists for more than a few days, is severe, or happens repeatedly. You may also consider seeking care from a provider if you ear pain occur alongside additional symptoms, such as:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><ul><li>Fever </li><li>Difficulty swallowing or breathing</li><li>Dizziness or balance problems</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/crick-in-neck-7644795" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Stiff neck</a></li><li>Headache </li><li>Swelling or redness around the affected ear</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/unintentional-weight-loss-8567548" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Unexplained weight loss</a></li></ul><h2>Diagnosis</h2><p>If you decide to seek care, understanding the diagnostic process can be helpful. Your healthcare provider will likely learn about your medical history, perform a physical examination, and order diagnostic tests.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="24"></span></p><p>Primary care providers (PCPs) can diagnose many causes of ear pain but they may refer you to an otolaryngologist (ENT), a doctor with special training in diagnosing and treating conditions that affect the ear, nose, and throat, depending on your symptoms.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="24"></span> </p><h3>Medical History </h3><p>Your healthcare provider will begin by reviewing your medical history and asking about your symptoms. They may ask you:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span> </p><ul><li>What does your pain feel like?</li><li>Which activities improve or worsen the pain?</li><li>Is your pain constant, or does it come and go?</li><li>Do you have any underlying health conditions that affect your ears?</li><li>Are you experiencing additional symptoms alongside ear pain when swallowing?</li></ul><h3>Physical Examination </h3><p>Once your provider learns more about your symptoms, they will conduct a physical exam to examine your ears using an otoscope—a tool with a light that helps visualize the inside of the ear and eardrum. They will also assess your nose, throat, mouth, jaw bones, and neck to look for signs of inflammation, infection, or other abnormalities.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span></p><h3>Diagnostic Tests</h3><p>Depending on your symptoms, your healthcare provider may order one or more of the following tests to identify the cause of ear pain when swallowing:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="25"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Audiometry: </strong>Assesses how well you hear sounds to help identify hearing loss related to ear problems<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="26"></span></li><li><strong>Throat swab:</strong> Collects a sample of <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/cold/how-to-get-rid-of-chest-congestion" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">mucus</a> or cells from the back of the throat to help identify the presence of bacteria and diagnose bacterial infections like strep throat</li><li><strong>Imaging tests:</strong> Uses technology like computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (<a href="https://www.health.com/mri-scan-7255535" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">MRI</a>) scans to identify nerve compression, tumors, and structural abnormalities and help pinpoint the source of ear pain</li><li><strong>Blood tests:</strong> Check for signs of infection or inflammation in your body</li></ul><h2>Treatment Options</h2><p>If you receive a diagnosis for ear pain when swallowing, your exact treatment plan will depend on the underlying cause of your pain and the severity of your symptoms. For mild cases, home remedies may be enough to relieve pain. However, moderate and severe pain may warrant additional medical treatments.</p><h3>Home Remedies</h3><p>Some at-home treatments may offer pain relief for some causes of ear pain. These include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Over-the-counter pain relievers:</strong> Medications like Tylenol (acetaminophen) or <a href="https://www.health.com/advil-vs-aleve-8387626" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Advil</a> (ibuprofen) can help reduce pain and inflammation</li><li><strong>Warm compress:</strong> Applying a warm water bottle or cloth to the affected ear may temporarily relieve ear pain</li><li><strong>Hydration:</strong> Drinking plenty of fluids helps thin mucus and promote drainage </li><li><strong>Ear drops: </strong>Over-the-counter ear drops may soothe ear pain</li><li><strong>Chewing gum: </strong>Chewing a piece of gum may help reduce ear pressure</li><li><strong>Jaw exercises:</strong> Gentle jaw exercises may help relieve TMJ-related pain<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="27"></span></li></ul><h3>Medical Treatments</h3><p>Some causes of ear pain when swallowing may require medications or therapies. Depending on your diagnosis, treatment may include:</p><ul><li><strong><a href="https://www.health.com/antibiotics-7574689" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Antibiotics</a>:</strong> Help eliminate infections like ear infections, strep throat, and dental abscesses<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="25"></span> </li><li><strong>Decongestants: </strong>Relieve congestion caused by ear and throat infections<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="28"></span> </li><li><strong>Antiseizure medications:</strong> Ease nerve pain that may be causing ear pain when swallowing<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="29"></span></li><li><strong><a href="https://www.health.com/physical-therapy-7481022" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Physical therapy</a>:</strong> Creates a personalized physical therapy program to help reduce your pain and improve the function and mobility of your jaw if you have TMJ<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="30"></span></li><li><strong>Surgery:</strong> Treats nerve compression (e.g., glossopharyngeal neuralgia) or a severe dental abscess causing ear pain<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span></li></ul><h2>A Quick Review</h2><p>Ear pain when swallowing can occur from ear problems, such as an ear infection, or issues with nearby structures, such as dental abscesses and TMJ disorders. If your pain affects your daily life, seeing a healthcare provider can help you get a proper diagnosis and timely treatment. Depending on the cause of your pain, your healthcare provider may recommend home remedies, medications, or therapies that relieve pain and improve your quality of life.<br/></p><p></p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/ear-pain-when-swallowing-8665443">Health.com</a>.</p>
  5. Adenocarcinoma Lung Cancer

    Sun, 23 Jun 2024 14:00:00 -0000

    <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/rPMBieVBDf6x1wQUcsmcPR5I38c&#x3D;/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc():format(jpeg)/health-GettyImages-1347513085-b32f2e3acf5549beb9b554b7479f67e4.jpg' alt='<p>seksan Mongkhonkhamsao / Getty Images</p>' title='doctor showing person with adenocarcinoma lung cancer an x-ray of their lungs'> <figcaption> <i><p>seksan Mongkhonkhamsao / Getty Images</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><strong>Medically reviewed by Archana Sharma, DO</strong><strong>Medically reviewed by Archana Sharma, DO</strong><p>Researchers identified two main types of lung cancer: small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), which is the most common type. <span data-tts="true">Adenocarcinoma</span> (also known as adenocarcinoma lung cancer or lung adenocarcinoma) is the most common type of NSCLC. While NSCLC accounts for 85% of all lung cancer cases, 40% of diagnoses are due to adenocarcinoma, which can cause symptoms like chronic cough and shortness of breath, among others.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span> </p><p>Adenocarcinoma is a term for cancers that develop from cells in your glands, which are organs that release substances like mucus, hormones, and digestive juices. Lung adenocarcinoma occurs when cancer forms in glandular cells in the lungs called <span data-tts="true">epithelial</span> cells, which produce mucus. These cells are located in the outer part of the lungs.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span> </p><p>This cancer is also the most commonly diagnosed type of lung cancer in people with no history of smoking.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span> While adenocarcinoma lung cancer is common, it tends to grow and spread much slower than other non-small cell lung cancers. Fortunately, this means you can get a diagnosis before cancer cells spread to other parts of the body.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span><br/></p><h2>Symptoms of Adenocarcinoma Lung Cancer</h2><p>Similar to most other types of cancer, lung adenocarcinoma often doesn’t cause <a href="https://www.health.com/lung-cancer-symptoms-6944617" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">symptoms</a> in the early stages. But when symptoms do occur, they may cause:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span></p><ul><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/copd/8-causes-of-chronic-cough-and-what-to-do-about-it" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Chronic cough</a></li><li>Loss of appetite<br/></li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/fatigue-7376026" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Fatigue</a></li><li>Chest pain</li><li>Shortness of breath</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/unintentional-weight-loss-8567548" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">Unintentional weight loss</a></li></ul><p>Unfortunately, these symptoms can mimic symptoms of other conditions, so it&#39;s easy to misdiagnose them early on or miss them entirely. However, as cancer cells spread, you may develop even more symptoms, such as:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><ul><li>Pain or weakness in the shoulders</li><li>Bone and <a href="https://www.health.com/arthralgia-8364691" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">joint pain</a></li><li>Coughing up blood</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/jaundice-8621676" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Jaundice</a></li><li>Swollen lymph nodes</li><li>Facial drooping<br/></li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/swelling-7479960" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">Swelling</a> of the face, arms, neck, and upper chest</li><li>Difficulty swallowing</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/headache-overview-7094882" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="4">Headaches</a></li><li>Numbness in the arms and legs<br/></li></ul><h2>Causes</h2><p>Over the years, researchers have identified several genes associated with <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/lung-cancer-overview" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">lung cancer</a>, including the <em>TP53</em>, <em>KRAS,</em> and<em> EGFR</em> genes. A mutation (change) in the genes that control cell growth, division, or repair of damaged DNA can sometimes lead to the development of cancer.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span> But, environmental factors combined with genetic influences can determine your risk of developing cancer.</p><h3>Risk Factors</h3><p>Anyone can develop adenocarcinoma lung cancer, but some people are at a higher risk of experiencing the condition. Consider the following risk factors:</p><ul><li><strong>Tobacco intake: </strong>80% of all lung cancer deaths are related to <a href="https://www.health.com/smoking-cessation-7560530" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">smoking</a> cigarettes, pipes, menthols, and vapes<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span> </li><li><strong>Exposure to radon gas:</strong> Radon is a radioactive gas found in soil, rocks, and water, but can enter indoor areas and build up, causing harmful effects<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span></li><li><strong>Secondhand smoke:</strong> Even if you don&#39;t smoke, being near people or in places where smoking is occurring can increase your risk of inhaling the toxins from tobacco<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span><br/></li></ul><p>However, other factors may also increase your risk of developing this condition, such as:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="10"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="9"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span></p><ul><li>Age under 45 years old</li><li>Being assigned female at birth</li><li>Exposure to asbestos</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/hiv-overview" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">HIV</a> infection</li><li>Taking beta-carotene supplements</li><li>A family history of lung cancer</li><li>Drinking water that contains arsenic</li><li>Working with or living near chemicals like coal products, nickel chromates, and vinyl chloride</li><li>Using products that contain formaldehyde and chloride<br/></li></ul><h2>Diagnosis</h2><p>If you&#39;re experiencing symptoms of adenocarcinoma or have been feeling unwell lately, it&#39;s important to see your healthcare provider for a proper diagnosis. Your healthcare provider will first ask about your symptoms, medical history, and lifestyle habits and perform a physical exam. If they suspect cancer, they can order one or more of the following exams to confirm a diagnosis:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="13"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="12"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Computed tomography (<a href="https://www.health.com/ct-scan-7252819" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">CT scan</a>): </strong>Checks for the presence of suspicious lung nodules, tumors, and other abnormalities in the lungs</li><li><strong>Magnetic resonance imaging (<a href="https://www.health.com/mri-scan-7255535" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">MRI</a>): </strong>Uses magnetic fields and computer-generated radio waves to create detailed images of the lungs to check for tumors and how far cancer cells have spread</li><li><strong>Positron emission tomography (<a href="https://www.health.com/pet-scan-7254361" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">PET scan</a>): </strong>Creates three-dimensional (3D) images of the body to look for signs of disease</li><li><strong>Needle <span data-tts="true">thoracentesis</span>: </strong>Collects fluid around the lung to check for the presence of cancer cells</li><li><strong>Bone scan: </strong>Involves an injection of a low-level radioactive substance into your blood to determine if cancer has spread to the bones</li><li><strong><a href="https://www.health.com/lung-biopsy-8382810" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="4">Lung biopsy</a>: </strong>Takes a sample of your lung tissue to examine it under a microscope to look for the presence of cancer cells<br/></li></ul><h3>Stages of Lung Adenocarcinoma</h3><p>If your healthcare team finds that you have lung adenocarcinoma, you may need further testing to determine the size of the tumor, whether cancer cells have spread, and how far the cancer has metastasized (spread) in the body. This helps determine what stage of cancer you are in. The stages of lung cancer are as follows:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Stage 0: </strong>Cancer cells have not spread past the lung&#39;s outer lining</li><li><strong>Stage I: </strong>Cancer cells are limited, localized, and have not spread to any <a href="https://www.health.com/swollen-lymph-nodes-in-armpit-8638454" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">lymph nodes</a></li><li><strong>Stage II: </strong>Cancer cells have spread to nearby lymph nodes</li><li><strong>Stage III: </strong>Cancer cells have spread to faraway lymph nodes or nearby tissues</li><li><strong>Stage IV: </strong>Cancer cells have spread to other organs of the body, such as the <a href="https://www.health.com/liver-7963462" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">liver</a>, brain, or the other lung<br/></li></ul><h2>Adenocarcinoma Lung Cancer Treatment</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/lung-cancer-treatment-6891194" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Treatment</a> for adenocarcinoma lung cancer depends on your symptoms, what stage of the disease you&#39;re in, and your overall condition and needs. Your healthcare team will discuss your options and may recommend a combination of the following treatments:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="16"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="14"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span>  </p><ul><li><a href="https://www.health.com/chemotherapy-7489350" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Chemotherapy</a> to prevent cancer cells from spreading</li><li>Radiation therapy to kill or shrink cancer cells</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/immunotherapy-8549970" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Immunotherapy</a> to help your immune system recognize and attack cancer cells</li><li>Surgery to remove the <a href="https://www.health.com/tumor-7501312" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">tumor</a> (in early stages)</li><li>Targeted therapy to work against genetic abnormalities <br/></li></ul><h2>How To Prevent Lung Cancer</h2><p>There is no foolproof way to prevent adenocarcinoma lung cancer, but adopting the following strategies may help reduce your risk of this condition:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="17"></span><br/></p><ul><li>Consider quitting smoking or reach out to your healthcare provider if you need support</li><li>Avoid exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke</li><li>Adopt a diet filled with more fruits, vegetables, and <a href="https://www.health.com/food/18-health-benefits-of-whole-grains" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">whole grains</a></li><li>Get your home checked for radon</li><li>Use personal protective equipment and increase ventilation in the room when handling formaldehyde</li><li>Limit exposure to other potential cancer-causing agents like asbestos and arsenic<br/></li></ul><h2>Complications</h2><p>Lung adenocarcinoma and its treatment can sometimes cause complications. But if you receive a diagnosis earlier, the risk of complications is generally lower. Some common complications that may be associated with this type of cancer include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Injury to the phrenic nerve: </strong>The phrenic nerve plays a vital role in respiration (breathing), as it causes the diaphragm to contract and expand. Damage to this nerve may occur during a lung cancer surgery, causing paralysis of the diaphragm.</li><li><strong>Infections: </strong>Lung cancer treatments like chemotherapy can weaken the immune system, increasing the risk of infections.</li><li><strong>Respiratory failure: </strong>Lung cancer tumors can sometimes put pressure on the lungs, cause inflammation, or block the airways, which can all impair the function of your respiratory system. </li></ul><h2>Living With Cancer</h2><p>Learning you have adenocarcinoma lung cancer can spur on different emotions, which can be challenging to deal with. There is no right or wrong way to process this diagnosis, and it’s normal to feel however you feel. But, there are some things you can do to live well with your condition. Consider the following strategies:</p><ul><li>Take charge of your healthcare by working with your healthcare team, speaking up, asking questions, and researching more about your conditions</li><li>Communicate your feelings and experiences with your loved ones</li><li>Find ways to express your thoughts, such as writing in a journal or joining a support group</li><li>Make any lifestyle changes your healthcare provider recommends to help manage your condition</li><li>Learn <a href="https://www.health.com/stress-management-8551051" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">stress management</a> techniques (such as yoga or meditation)</li><li>Be open to discussing anything on your mind, including difficult topics like end-of-life decisions</li><li>Remind yourself to seek out and accept care from your healthcare team and loved ones</li></ul><p>It may be helpful to know that healthcare providers are getting better at diagnosing and treating these conditions, and more clinical trials are being carried out to discover devices, drugs, and therapies that may work better for treating different cancers. <a href="https://www.health.com/non-small-cell-lung-cancer-8347855" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Non-small cell lung cancer</a> is treatable, so following your treatment plan can help improve symptoms and your overall quality of life.</p><h3>Frequently Asked Questions</h3> <p> <strong>How serious is adenocarcinoma of the lung?</strong> </p> <p> <p>Adenocarcinoma of the lung is one of the most common types of lung cancer and is a serious medical condition that requires urgent medical attention. However, detecting it early can increase your chance of achieving remission.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="20"></span><br/></p> </p> <p> <strong>What is the life expectancy of someone with adenocarcinoma?</strong> </p> <p> <p>The life expectancy for people with lung cancer varies on several factors, but research shows that the five-year survival rate for people with early-stage lung cancer is 65%. This means that 65% of people with lung cancer that hasn&#39;t spread to distant areas of the body are still alive after five years.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="19"></span><br/></p> </p> <p> <strong>Is adenocarcinoma cancer curable?</strong> </p> <p> <p>Adenocarcinoma is curable in its early stages (stages 0 and 1), especially with surgery. There is also the possibility of a cure even for stage 3 cancer if you&#39;re receiving a combination of chemotherapy and radiation.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="14"></span></p> </p> <p></p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/adenocarcinoma-lung-cancer-8655933">Health.com</a>.</p>
  6. Adenocarcinoma Lung Cancer

    Sun, 23 Jun 2024 14:00:00 -0000

    <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/rPMBieVBDf6x1wQUcsmcPR5I38c&#x3D;/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc():format(jpeg)/health-GettyImages-1347513085-b32f2e3acf5549beb9b554b7479f67e4.jpg' alt='<p>seksan Mongkhonkhamsao / Getty Images</p>' title='doctor showing person with adenocarcinoma lung cancer an x-ray of their lungs'> <figcaption> <i><p>seksan Mongkhonkhamsao / Getty Images</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><strong>Medically reviewed by Archana Sharma, DO</strong><strong>Medically reviewed by Archana Sharma, DO</strong><p>Researchers identified two main types of lung cancer: small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), which is the most common type. <span data-tts="true">Adenocarcinoma</span> (also known as adenocarcinoma lung cancer or lung adenocarcinoma) is the most common type of NSCLC. While NSCLC accounts for 85% of all lung cancer cases, 40% of diagnoses are due to adenocarcinoma, which can cause symptoms like chronic cough and shortness of breath, among others.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span> </p><p>Adenocarcinoma is a term for cancers that develop from cells in your glands, which are organs that release substances like mucus, hormones, and digestive juices. Lung adenocarcinoma occurs when cancer forms in glandular cells in the lungs called <span data-tts="true">epithelial</span> cells, which produce mucus. These cells are located in the outer part of the lungs.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span> </p><p>This cancer is also the most commonly diagnosed type of lung cancer in people with no history of smoking.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span> While adenocarcinoma lung cancer is common, it tends to grow and spread much slower than other non-small cell lung cancers. Fortunately, this means you can get a diagnosis before cancer cells spread to other parts of the body.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span><br/></p><h2>Symptoms of Adenocarcinoma Lung Cancer</h2><p>Similar to most other types of cancer, lung adenocarcinoma often doesn’t cause <a href="https://www.health.com/lung-cancer-symptoms-6944617" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">symptoms</a> in the early stages. But when symptoms do occur, they may cause:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span></p><ul><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/copd/8-causes-of-chronic-cough-and-what-to-do-about-it" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Chronic cough</a></li><li>Loss of appetite<br/></li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/fatigue-7376026" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Fatigue</a></li><li>Chest pain</li><li>Shortness of breath</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/unintentional-weight-loss-8567548" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">Unintentional weight loss</a></li></ul><p>Unfortunately, these symptoms can mimic symptoms of other conditions, so it&#39;s easy to misdiagnose them early on or miss them entirely. However, as cancer cells spread, you may develop even more symptoms, such as:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><ul><li>Pain or weakness in the shoulders</li><li>Bone and <a href="https://www.health.com/arthralgia-8364691" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">joint pain</a></li><li>Coughing up blood</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/jaundice-8621676" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Jaundice</a></li><li>Swollen lymph nodes</li><li>Facial drooping<br/></li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/swelling-7479960" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">Swelling</a> of the face, arms, neck, and upper chest</li><li>Difficulty swallowing</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/headache-overview-7094882" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="4">Headaches</a></li><li>Numbness in the arms and legs<br/></li></ul><h2>Causes</h2><p>Over the years, researchers have identified several genes associated with <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/lung-cancer-overview" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">lung cancer</a>, including the <em>TP53</em>, <em>KRAS,</em> and<em> EGFR</em> genes. A mutation (change) in the genes that control cell growth, division, or repair of damaged DNA can sometimes lead to the development of cancer.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span> But, environmental factors combined with genetic influences can determine your risk of developing cancer.</p><h3>Risk Factors</h3><p>Anyone can develop adenocarcinoma lung cancer, but some people are at a higher risk of experiencing the condition. Consider the following risk factors:</p><ul><li><strong>Tobacco intake: </strong>80% of all lung cancer deaths are related to <a href="https://www.health.com/smoking-cessation-7560530" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">smoking</a> cigarettes, pipes, menthols, and vapes<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span> </li><li><strong>Exposure to radon gas:</strong> Radon is a radioactive gas found in soil, rocks, and water, but can enter indoor areas and build up, causing harmful effects<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span></li><li><strong>Secondhand smoke:</strong> Even if you don&#39;t smoke, being near people or in places where smoking is occurring can increase your risk of inhaling the toxins from tobacco<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span><br/></li></ul><p>However, other factors may also increase your risk of developing this condition, such as:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="10"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="9"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span></p><ul><li>Age under 45 years old</li><li>Being assigned female at birth</li><li>Exposure to asbestos</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/hiv-overview" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">HIV</a> infection</li><li>Taking beta-carotene supplements</li><li>A family history of lung cancer</li><li>Drinking water that contains arsenic</li><li>Working with or living near chemicals like coal products, nickel chromates, and vinyl chloride</li><li>Using products that contain formaldehyde and chloride<br/></li></ul><h2>Diagnosis</h2><p>If you&#39;re experiencing symptoms of adenocarcinoma or have been feeling unwell lately, it&#39;s important to see your healthcare provider for a proper diagnosis. Your healthcare provider will first ask about your symptoms, medical history, and lifestyle habits and perform a physical exam. If they suspect cancer, they can order one or more of the following exams to confirm a diagnosis:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="13"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="12"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Computed tomography (<a href="https://www.health.com/ct-scan-7252819" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">CT scan</a>): </strong>Checks for the presence of suspicious lung nodules, tumors, and other abnormalities in the lungs</li><li><strong>Magnetic resonance imaging (<a href="https://www.health.com/mri-scan-7255535" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">MRI</a>): </strong>Uses magnetic fields and computer-generated radio waves to create detailed images of the lungs to check for tumors and how far cancer cells have spread</li><li><strong>Positron emission tomography (<a href="https://www.health.com/pet-scan-7254361" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">PET scan</a>): </strong>Creates three-dimensional (3D) images of the body to look for signs of disease</li><li><strong>Needle <span data-tts="true">thoracentesis</span>: </strong>Collects fluid around the lung to check for the presence of cancer cells</li><li><strong>Bone scan: </strong>Involves an injection of a low-level radioactive substance into your blood to determine if cancer has spread to the bones</li><li><strong><a href="https://www.health.com/lung-biopsy-8382810" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="4">Lung biopsy</a>: </strong>Takes a sample of your lung tissue to examine it under a microscope to look for the presence of cancer cells<br/></li></ul><h3>Stages of Lung Adenocarcinoma</h3><p>If your healthcare team finds that you have lung adenocarcinoma, you may need further testing to determine the size of the tumor, whether cancer cells have spread, and how far the cancer has metastasized (spread) in the body. This helps determine what stage of cancer you are in. The stages of lung cancer are as follows:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Stage 0: </strong>Cancer cells have not spread past the lung&#39;s outer lining</li><li><strong>Stage I: </strong>Cancer cells are limited, localized, and have not spread to any <a href="https://www.health.com/swollen-lymph-nodes-in-armpit-8638454" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">lymph nodes</a></li><li><strong>Stage II: </strong>Cancer cells have spread to nearby lymph nodes</li><li><strong>Stage III: </strong>Cancer cells have spread to faraway lymph nodes or nearby tissues</li><li><strong>Stage IV: </strong>Cancer cells have spread to other organs of the body, such as the <a href="https://www.health.com/liver-7963462" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">liver</a>, brain, or the other lung<br/></li></ul><h2>Adenocarcinoma Lung Cancer Treatment</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/lung-cancer-treatment-6891194" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Treatment</a> for adenocarcinoma lung cancer depends on your symptoms, what stage of the disease you&#39;re in, and your overall condition and needs. Your healthcare team will discuss your options and may recommend a combination of the following treatments:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="16"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="14"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span>  </p><ul><li><a href="https://www.health.com/chemotherapy-7489350" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Chemotherapy</a> to prevent cancer cells from spreading</li><li>Radiation therapy to kill or shrink cancer cells</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/immunotherapy-8549970" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Immunotherapy</a> to help your immune system recognize and attack cancer cells</li><li>Surgery to remove the <a href="https://www.health.com/tumor-7501312" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">tumor</a> (in early stages)</li><li>Targeted therapy to work against genetic abnormalities <br/></li></ul><h2>How To Prevent Lung Cancer</h2><p>There is no foolproof way to prevent adenocarcinoma lung cancer, but adopting the following strategies may help reduce your risk of this condition:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="17"></span><br/></p><ul><li>Consider quitting smoking or reach out to your healthcare provider if you need support</li><li>Avoid exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke</li><li>Adopt a diet filled with more fruits, vegetables, and <a href="https://www.health.com/food/18-health-benefits-of-whole-grains" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">whole grains</a></li><li>Get your home checked for radon</li><li>Use personal protective equipment and increase ventilation in the room when handling formaldehyde</li><li>Limit exposure to other potential cancer-causing agents like asbestos and arsenic<br/></li></ul><h2>Complications</h2><p>Lung adenocarcinoma and its treatment can sometimes cause complications. But if you receive a diagnosis earlier, the risk of complications is generally lower. Some common complications that may be associated with this type of cancer include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Injury to the phrenic nerve: </strong>The phrenic nerve plays a vital role in respiration (breathing), as it causes the diaphragm to contract and expand. Damage to this nerve may occur during a lung cancer surgery, causing paralysis of the diaphragm.</li><li><strong>Infections: </strong>Lung cancer treatments like chemotherapy can weaken the immune system, increasing the risk of infections.</li><li><strong>Respiratory failure: </strong>Lung cancer tumors can sometimes put pressure on the lungs, cause inflammation, or block the airways, which can all impair the function of your respiratory system. </li></ul><h2>Living With Cancer</h2><p>Learning you have adenocarcinoma lung cancer can spur on different emotions, which can be challenging to deal with. There is no right or wrong way to process this diagnosis, and it’s normal to feel however you feel. But, there are some things you can do to live well with your condition. Consider the following strategies:</p><ul><li>Take charge of your healthcare by working with your healthcare team, speaking up, asking questions, and researching more about your conditions</li><li>Communicate your feelings and experiences with your loved ones</li><li>Find ways to express your thoughts, such as writing in a journal or joining a support group</li><li>Make any lifestyle changes your healthcare provider recommends to help manage your condition</li><li>Learn <a href="https://www.health.com/stress-management-8551051" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">stress management</a> techniques (such as yoga or meditation)</li><li>Be open to discussing anything on your mind, including difficult topics like end-of-life decisions</li><li>Remind yourself to seek out and accept care from your healthcare team and loved ones</li></ul><p>It may be helpful to know that healthcare providers are getting better at diagnosing and treating these conditions, and more clinical trials are being carried out to discover devices, drugs, and therapies that may work better for treating different cancers. <a href="https://www.health.com/non-small-cell-lung-cancer-8347855" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Non-small cell lung cancer</a> is treatable, so following your treatment plan can help improve symptoms and your overall quality of life.</p><h3>Frequently Asked Questions</h3> <p> <strong>How serious is adenocarcinoma of the lung?</strong> </p> <p> <p>Adenocarcinoma of the lung is one of the most common types of lung cancer and is a serious medical condition that requires urgent medical attention. However, detecting it early can increase your chance of achieving remission.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="20"></span><br/></p> </p> <p> <strong>What is the life expectancy of someone with adenocarcinoma?</strong> </p> <p> <p>The life expectancy for people with lung cancer varies on several factors, but research shows that the five-year survival rate for people with early-stage lung cancer is 65%. This means that 65% of people with lung cancer that hasn&#39;t spread to distant areas of the body are still alive after five years.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="19"></span><br/></p> </p> <p> <strong>Is adenocarcinoma cancer curable?</strong> </p> <p> <p>Adenocarcinoma is curable in its early stages (stages 0 and 1), especially with surgery. There is also the possibility of a cure even for stage 3 cancer if you&#39;re receiving a combination of chemotherapy and radiation.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="14"></span></p> </p> <p></p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/adenocarcinoma-lung-cancer-8655933">Health.com</a>.</p>
  7. Lyme disease is becoming a bigger problem. Which states have the most cases? - USA TODAY

    Sun, 23 Jun 2024 11:31:55 -0000

  8. Lyme disease is becoming a bigger problem. Which states have the most cases? - USA TODAY

    Sun, 23 Jun 2024 11:31:55 -0000

  9. 8 Supplements That Support Kidney Health

    Sun, 23 Jun 2024 11:00:00 -0000

    <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/SzM93zc3J3peSQ12uKf5MndDZiE&#x3D;/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc():format(jpeg)/Health-GettyImages-1426585356-8fa7ae98d90247bf919453fa4b64c0b9.jpg' alt='<p>Grace Cary / Getty Images</p>' title='A person holds two supplements in their hand and a glass of water in the other'> <figcaption> <i><p>Grace Cary / Getty Images</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><strong>Medically reviewed by Kashif J. Piracha, MD</strong><strong>Medically reviewed by Kashif J. Piracha, MD</strong><p>Kidneys filter waste and balance fluids in the body.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span> Supporting kidney health is crucial for maintaining overall well-being, and supplements may be able to help. By providing essential nutrients, some supplements can enhance kidney function and reduce the risk of nutritional deficiencies.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><p>That may be especially true for people with kidney disease, who often experience nutrient deficiencies due to reduced kidney function, dietary restrictions, and the effects of medications. Common deficiencies among people with kidney issues include vitamin D, iron, calcium, and B vitamins. Addressing these deficiencies through supplements may help support kidney function and overall health.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><p>Understanding the benefits—and risks—of using supplements for kidney health is key to making informed decisions. Here&#39;s what to know about the supplements that might be best for supporting your kidneys.</p><h2>Vitamin D</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/best-vitamin-d-supplements-8412007" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Vitamin D</a> is crucial for maintaining bone health and reducing inflammation.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span> For people with kidney disease, <a href="https://www.health.com/vitamin-d-deficiency-overview-7488345" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">vitamin D deficiency</a> is common due to the kidneys&#39; reduced ability to convert the vitamin into its active form.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span> Supplementing with vitamin D can help manage bone disorders and prevent cardiovascular complications.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span><br/></p><h2>Iron</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/iron-benefits-7643991" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Iron</a> is vital for producing red blood cells and preventing <a href="https://www.health.com/anemia-7368533" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">anemia</a>, a common issue in people with kidney disease where you don&#39;t have enough red blood cells to carry oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body. Supplementing with iron may help alleviate symptoms like:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span></p><ul><li>Fatigue</li><li>Weakness</li><li>Paleness</li><li>Depression</li><li>Dizziness or lightheadedness</li></ul><p>Iron supplements typically come in the form of a pill. However, some people may have the iron injected into a vein. This includes people receiving <a href="https://www.health.com/dialysis-7484226" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">dialysis</a>, a treatment that filters waste and water from your blood if your kidneys no longer can. In this case, a dose of iron is put into the blood during the procedure. Your provider can determine which delivery method is best.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span><br/></p><h2>Calcium</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/calcium-8558241" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Calcium</a> is essential for bone health and proper muscle function.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span> People with kidney disease may need calcium supplements to prevent bone loss and maintain heart health. However, excess calcium can lead to vascular calcification (when calcium builds up in the blood vessels), so it&#39;s important to balance calcium intake.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span><br/></p><h2>B Vitamins</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/vitamin-b-types-7568850" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">B vitamins</a>—particularly B6, B12, and folic acid—play a role in energy production. Not getting enough of the vitamins can lead to anemia.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><p>Kidney disease can lead to B vitamin deficiencies due to impaired kidney function and dietary restrictions. Supplementing with B vitamins can help prevent the deficiencies and the anemia they can cause.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span><br/></p><h2>Omega-3 Fatty Acids</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/omega-3-fatty-acids-benefits-7510411" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Omega-3 fatty acids</a> are a type of healthy fat with anti-inflammatory properties. As such, omega-3 fatty acids can benefit many bodily functions and organs, including the kidneys. The fats can help lower the risk of <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/kidney-disease/what-is-chronic-kidney-disease" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">chronic kidney disease</a> and reduce the progression of kidney disease.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="9"></span></p><p>They also support heart health, which is particularly important for people with compromised kidney function.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="10"></span><br/></p><h2>Magnesium</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/best-magnesium-supplements-7553169" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Magnesium</a> is crucial for muscle and nerve function and cardiovascular health. Due to dietary restrictions and medication interactions, <a href="https://www.health.com/nutrition/magnesium-deficiency" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">magnesium deficiency</a> is common in people with kidney disease. That means supplementing with magnesium may help you prevent the mineral deficiency.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="11"></span></p><p>Lower magnesium levels have been linked to a progression to end-stage kidney disease, which is the last stage of kidney disease when the organs can no longer perform their duties. So making sure your magnesium levels are normal through supplementation can potentially prevent or delay disease progression.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="11"></span></p><p>Even people without kidney disease can benefit from supplementing with magnesium. Lower magnesium levels are associated with an increased risk of chronic kidney disease, so taking in the proper amount of magnesium can help avoid the development of kidney disease.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="11"></span><br/></p><h2>Probiotics</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/probiotics-benefits-7561021" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Probiotics</a>, the beneficial bacteria that reside in the gut, play a significant role in supporting kidney health. They help maintain a balanced gut microbiome, which is crucial for overall health and immune function. For people with kidney disease, probiotics can be particularly beneficial. They aid in reducing uremic toxins, which are substances that accumulate in the blood when the kidneys aren&#39;t functioning properly.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span></p><p>Additionally, probiotics can help reduce inflammation and oxidative stress (the imbalance of free radicals and antioxidants in the body), which are common issues in chronic kidney disease.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span><br/></p><h2>Vitamin C</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/best-vitamin-c-supplements-8611294" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Vitamin C</a> is a powerful antioxidant that supports immune function, collagen production, and tissue repair.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="12"></span> For kidney health, the vitamin&#39;s antioxidant properties are particularly valuable, as they help neutralize free radicals and reduce oxidative stress—a contributing factor to kidney damage.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="13"></span></p><p>Just make sure to consult with your healthcare provider about how much of the supplement to take. While moderate supplementation may be beneficial, high doses of vitamin C can lead to a buildup of oxalate (a natural substance in many foods) that can cause <a href="https://www.health.com/kidney-stones-overview-7487036" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">kidney stones</a>.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="14"></span> Among people with kidney disease, oxalate buildup can also result in oxalate deposits in bones and soft tissues, causing pain and other complications over time.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><h2>Supplements To Avoid</h2><p>If you have kidney disease, it&#39;s important to be cautious with certain vitamins and minerals, as they can accumulate in the body and cause harm. Specifically, vitamins A, E, and K are fat-soluble and more likely to build up, potentially leading to serious health issues such as dizziness, nausea, and even death if taken in excess. These vitamins should only be taken under your healthcare provider&#39;s supervision.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><p>You should also probably avoid herbal supplements if you have kidney disease. Herbal supplements are supplements that contain one or more herb. Popular herbal supplements include turmeric, mugwort, and evening primrose. There is limited information about the effectiveness of many herbal supplements, specifically for people with kidney disease.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span></p><p>Some herbal supplements contain minerals like potassium and phosphors that people with kidney disease may need to limit.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span></p><p>Even those without kidney disease should use herbal supplements with caution since some of products have aristolochic acid—a type of acid found in plants—which is harmful to kidneys.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span></p><h2>Precautions and Considerations</h2><p>The kidneys play a vital role in filtering and metabolizing substances from the body, making it essential to choose supplements wisely and use them correctly.</p><p>Before starting any new supplement, it’s essential to talk with a healthcare provider. They can provide personalized advice based on your health status, kidney function, and any medications you may be taking.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="16"></span></p><p>When looking for a supplement, you&#39;ll want to choose one of high quality. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration does not regulate supplements. To ensure the supplement you purchase was properly manufactured and doesn&#39;t have contaminants, look for a product that has been third-party tested for purity and potency. You might see a label from an organization like ConsumerLab.com, NSF International, or U.S. Pharmacopeia.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="21"></span></p><p>If you don&#39;t take supplements as your healthcare provider instructed, there can be consequences. Potential impacts of supplements on kidney health include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="17"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Increased workload of the kidneys:</strong> Supplements, particularly in high doses, can force the kidneys to work harder. This added strain can exacerbate existing kidney conditions or contribute to the development of new issues.<br/></li><li><strong>Risk of toxicity:</strong> Some supplements contain ingredients that can be toxic to the kidneys in large amounts or with prolonged use.<br/></li><li><strong>Potential for interactions:</strong> Supplements can interact with medications used to manage kidney disease, leading to reduced efficacy or increased side effects.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span></li></ul><h2>Other Ways To Improve Kidney Health</h2><p>While supplements can play a role in supporting kidney health, there are numerous other strategies you can adopt to enhance kidney function and overall well-being. Here are some key approaches to maintaining and improving kidney health:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="19"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Maintain a balanced diet: </strong>A nutritious diet is fundamental to kidney health. This may include eating a range of colorful vegetables and eating whole grains.</li><li><strong>Manage blood pressure:</strong> <a href="https://www.health.com/high-blood-pressure-overview-7505223" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">High blood pressure</a> (hypertension) is a leading cause of kidney disease. Protect your kidneys by keeping your blood pressure within a healthy range (typically below 120/80 mm Hg). Regular exercise, a low-sodium diet, and prescribed medications can help.</li><li><strong>Manage blood sugar levels: </strong>Diabetes is another leading cause of kidney disease. Keeping blood sugar within a normal range can help you prevent or manage diabetes. Follow your healthcare provider’s recommendations on diet, exercise, and medication to keep blood sugar in check.</li><li><strong>Exercise regularly:</strong> Regular physical activity supports overall health and can help manage weight, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise, such as walking, cycling, or swimming, on most days of the week.</li><li><strong>Avoid smoking and limit alcohol:</strong> Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can damage the kidneys and exacerbate existing kidney problems. <a href="https://www.health.com/smoking-cessation-7560530" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Quitting smoking</a> and limiting alcohol intake can significantly reduce the risk of kidney disease.</li><li><strong>Keep up with regular health screenings: </strong>Regular check-ups with your healthcare provider can help detect kidney problems early. For instance, blood and urine tests can assess kidney function.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="19"></span></li><li><strong>Take all medicines as prescribed:</strong> Be careful with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as Advil (ibuprofen), as they can damage kidneys if not taken correctly.</li><li><strong>Maintain your optimal weight: </strong><a href="https://www.health.com/obesity-7967228" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">Obesity</a> can increase the risk of developing kidney disease. Maintaining the weight you and your healthcare provider discussed can reduce this risk and support overall kidney function.</li><li><strong><a href="https://www.health.com/stress-management-8551051" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="4">Manage stress</a>:</strong> Chronic stress can negatively impact blood pressure and overall health, including kidney function. Techniques such as mindfulness, meditation, yoga, and deep-breathing exercises can help manage stress effectively.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="19"></span><br/></li></ul><h2>A Quick Review</h2><p>By providing essential nutrients, some supplements may help enhance kidney function and reduce the risk of vitamin or mineral deficiencies that people with kidney disease are at greater risk for. Vitamin D, iron, B vitamins, and magnesium are a few supplements that can help kidney health.</p><p>However, it&#39;s important to approach supplementation with caution. Since the kidneys are responsible for filtering and excreting substances from the body, the use of supplements carries potential risks, especially if taken in excessive amounts or without proper guidance.</p><p>While supplements may play a role in supporting kidney health, they are just one part of a comprehensive approach. Maintaining a balanced diet, managing blood pressure and blood sugar levels, and exercising regularly are some other ways to preserve kidney function.<br/></p><p></p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/supplements-for-kidney-health-8655973">Health.com</a>.</p>
  10. 8 Supplements That Support Kidney Health

    Sun, 23 Jun 2024 11:00:00 -0000

    <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/SzM93zc3J3peSQ12uKf5MndDZiE&#x3D;/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc():format(jpeg)/Health-GettyImages-1426585356-8fa7ae98d90247bf919453fa4b64c0b9.jpg' alt='<p>Grace Cary / Getty Images</p>' title='A person holds two supplements in their hand and a glass of water in the other'> <figcaption> <i><p>Grace Cary / Getty Images</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><strong>Medically reviewed by Kashif J. Piracha, MD</strong><strong>Medically reviewed by Kashif J. Piracha, MD</strong><p>Kidneys filter waste and balance fluids in the body.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span> Supporting kidney health is crucial for maintaining overall well-being, and supplements may be able to help. By providing essential nutrients, some supplements can enhance kidney function and reduce the risk of nutritional deficiencies.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><p>That may be especially true for people with kidney disease, who often experience nutrient deficiencies due to reduced kidney function, dietary restrictions, and the effects of medications. Common deficiencies among people with kidney issues include vitamin D, iron, calcium, and B vitamins. Addressing these deficiencies through supplements may help support kidney function and overall health.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><p>Understanding the benefits—and risks—of using supplements for kidney health is key to making informed decisions. Here&#39;s what to know about the supplements that might be best for supporting your kidneys.</p><h2>Vitamin D</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/best-vitamin-d-supplements-8412007" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Vitamin D</a> is crucial for maintaining bone health and reducing inflammation.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span> For people with kidney disease, <a href="https://www.health.com/vitamin-d-deficiency-overview-7488345" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">vitamin D deficiency</a> is common due to the kidneys&#39; reduced ability to convert the vitamin into its active form.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span> Supplementing with vitamin D can help manage bone disorders and prevent cardiovascular complications.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span><br/></p><h2>Iron</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/iron-benefits-7643991" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Iron</a> is vital for producing red blood cells and preventing <a href="https://www.health.com/anemia-7368533" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">anemia</a>, a common issue in people with kidney disease where you don&#39;t have enough red blood cells to carry oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body. Supplementing with iron may help alleviate symptoms like:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span></p><ul><li>Fatigue</li><li>Weakness</li><li>Paleness</li><li>Depression</li><li>Dizziness or lightheadedness</li></ul><p>Iron supplements typically come in the form of a pill. However, some people may have the iron injected into a vein. This includes people receiving <a href="https://www.health.com/dialysis-7484226" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">dialysis</a>, a treatment that filters waste and water from your blood if your kidneys no longer can. In this case, a dose of iron is put into the blood during the procedure. Your provider can determine which delivery method is best.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span><br/></p><h2>Calcium</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/calcium-8558241" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Calcium</a> is essential for bone health and proper muscle function.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span> People with kidney disease may need calcium supplements to prevent bone loss and maintain heart health. However, excess calcium can lead to vascular calcification (when calcium builds up in the blood vessels), so it&#39;s important to balance calcium intake.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span><br/></p><h2>B Vitamins</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/vitamin-b-types-7568850" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">B vitamins</a>—particularly B6, B12, and folic acid—play a role in energy production. Not getting enough of the vitamins can lead to anemia.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><p>Kidney disease can lead to B vitamin deficiencies due to impaired kidney function and dietary restrictions. Supplementing with B vitamins can help prevent the deficiencies and the anemia they can cause.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span><br/></p><h2>Omega-3 Fatty Acids</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/omega-3-fatty-acids-benefits-7510411" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Omega-3 fatty acids</a> are a type of healthy fat with anti-inflammatory properties. As such, omega-3 fatty acids can benefit many bodily functions and organs, including the kidneys. The fats can help lower the risk of <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/kidney-disease/what-is-chronic-kidney-disease" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">chronic kidney disease</a> and reduce the progression of kidney disease.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="9"></span></p><p>They also support heart health, which is particularly important for people with compromised kidney function.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="10"></span><br/></p><h2>Magnesium</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/best-magnesium-supplements-7553169" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Magnesium</a> is crucial for muscle and nerve function and cardiovascular health. Due to dietary restrictions and medication interactions, <a href="https://www.health.com/nutrition/magnesium-deficiency" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">magnesium deficiency</a> is common in people with kidney disease. That means supplementing with magnesium may help you prevent the mineral deficiency.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="11"></span></p><p>Lower magnesium levels have been linked to a progression to end-stage kidney disease, which is the last stage of kidney disease when the organs can no longer perform their duties. So making sure your magnesium levels are normal through supplementation can potentially prevent or delay disease progression.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="11"></span></p><p>Even people without kidney disease can benefit from supplementing with magnesium. Lower magnesium levels are associated with an increased risk of chronic kidney disease, so taking in the proper amount of magnesium can help avoid the development of kidney disease.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="11"></span><br/></p><h2>Probiotics</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/probiotics-benefits-7561021" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Probiotics</a>, the beneficial bacteria that reside in the gut, play a significant role in supporting kidney health. They help maintain a balanced gut microbiome, which is crucial for overall health and immune function. For people with kidney disease, probiotics can be particularly beneficial. They aid in reducing uremic toxins, which are substances that accumulate in the blood when the kidneys aren&#39;t functioning properly.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span></p><p>Additionally, probiotics can help reduce inflammation and oxidative stress (the imbalance of free radicals and antioxidants in the body), which are common issues in chronic kidney disease.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span><br/></p><h2>Vitamin C</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/best-vitamin-c-supplements-8611294" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Vitamin C</a> is a powerful antioxidant that supports immune function, collagen production, and tissue repair.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="12"></span> For kidney health, the vitamin&#39;s antioxidant properties are particularly valuable, as they help neutralize free radicals and reduce oxidative stress—a contributing factor to kidney damage.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="13"></span></p><p>Just make sure to consult with your healthcare provider about how much of the supplement to take. While moderate supplementation may be beneficial, high doses of vitamin C can lead to a buildup of oxalate (a natural substance in many foods) that can cause <a href="https://www.health.com/kidney-stones-overview-7487036" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">kidney stones</a>.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="14"></span> Among people with kidney disease, oxalate buildup can also result in oxalate deposits in bones and soft tissues, causing pain and other complications over time.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><h2>Supplements To Avoid</h2><p>If you have kidney disease, it&#39;s important to be cautious with certain vitamins and minerals, as they can accumulate in the body and cause harm. Specifically, vitamins A, E, and K are fat-soluble and more likely to build up, potentially leading to serious health issues such as dizziness, nausea, and even death if taken in excess. These vitamins should only be taken under your healthcare provider&#39;s supervision.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><p>You should also probably avoid herbal supplements if you have kidney disease. Herbal supplements are supplements that contain one or more herb. Popular herbal supplements include turmeric, mugwort, and evening primrose. There is limited information about the effectiveness of many herbal supplements, specifically for people with kidney disease.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span></p><p>Some herbal supplements contain minerals like potassium and phosphors that people with kidney disease may need to limit.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span></p><p>Even those without kidney disease should use herbal supplements with caution since some of products have aristolochic acid—a type of acid found in plants—which is harmful to kidneys.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span></p><h2>Precautions and Considerations</h2><p>The kidneys play a vital role in filtering and metabolizing substances from the body, making it essential to choose supplements wisely and use them correctly.</p><p>Before starting any new supplement, it’s essential to talk with a healthcare provider. They can provide personalized advice based on your health status, kidney function, and any medications you may be taking.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="16"></span></p><p>When looking for a supplement, you&#39;ll want to choose one of high quality. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration does not regulate supplements. To ensure the supplement you purchase was properly manufactured and doesn&#39;t have contaminants, look for a product that has been third-party tested for purity and potency. You might see a label from an organization like ConsumerLab.com, NSF International, or U.S. Pharmacopeia.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="21"></span></p><p>If you don&#39;t take supplements as your healthcare provider instructed, there can be consequences. Potential impacts of supplements on kidney health include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="17"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Increased workload of the kidneys:</strong> Supplements, particularly in high doses, can force the kidneys to work harder. This added strain can exacerbate existing kidney conditions or contribute to the development of new issues.<br/></li><li><strong>Risk of toxicity:</strong> Some supplements contain ingredients that can be toxic to the kidneys in large amounts or with prolonged use.<br/></li><li><strong>Potential for interactions:</strong> Supplements can interact with medications used to manage kidney disease, leading to reduced efficacy or increased side effects.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span></li></ul><h2>Other Ways To Improve Kidney Health</h2><p>While supplements can play a role in supporting kidney health, there are numerous other strategies you can adopt to enhance kidney function and overall well-being. Here are some key approaches to maintaining and improving kidney health:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="19"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Maintain a balanced diet: </strong>A nutritious diet is fundamental to kidney health. This may include eating a range of colorful vegetables and eating whole grains.</li><li><strong>Manage blood pressure:</strong> <a href="https://www.health.com/high-blood-pressure-overview-7505223" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">High blood pressure</a> (hypertension) is a leading cause of kidney disease. Protect your kidneys by keeping your blood pressure within a healthy range (typically below 120/80 mm Hg). Regular exercise, a low-sodium diet, and prescribed medications can help.</li><li><strong>Manage blood sugar levels: </strong>Diabetes is another leading cause of kidney disease. Keeping blood sugar within a normal range can help you prevent or manage diabetes. Follow your healthcare provider’s recommendations on diet, exercise, and medication to keep blood sugar in check.</li><li><strong>Exercise regularly:</strong> Regular physical activity supports overall health and can help manage weight, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise, such as walking, cycling, or swimming, on most days of the week.</li><li><strong>Avoid smoking and limit alcohol:</strong> Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can damage the kidneys and exacerbate existing kidney problems. <a href="https://www.health.com/smoking-cessation-7560530" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Quitting smoking</a> and limiting alcohol intake can significantly reduce the risk of kidney disease.</li><li><strong>Keep up with regular health screenings: </strong>Regular check-ups with your healthcare provider can help detect kidney problems early. For instance, blood and urine tests can assess kidney function.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="19"></span></li><li><strong>Take all medicines as prescribed:</strong> Be careful with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as Advil (ibuprofen), as they can damage kidneys if not taken correctly.</li><li><strong>Maintain your optimal weight: </strong><a href="https://www.health.com/obesity-7967228" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">Obesity</a> can increase the risk of developing kidney disease. Maintaining the weight you and your healthcare provider discussed can reduce this risk and support overall kidney function.</li><li><strong><a href="https://www.health.com/stress-management-8551051" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="4">Manage stress</a>:</strong> Chronic stress can negatively impact blood pressure and overall health, including kidney function. Techniques such as mindfulness, meditation, yoga, and deep-breathing exercises can help manage stress effectively.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="19"></span><br/></li></ul><h2>A Quick Review</h2><p>By providing essential nutrients, some supplements may help enhance kidney function and reduce the risk of vitamin or mineral deficiencies that people with kidney disease are at greater risk for. Vitamin D, iron, B vitamins, and magnesium are a few supplements that can help kidney health.</p><p>However, it&#39;s important to approach supplementation with caution. Since the kidneys are responsible for filtering and excreting substances from the body, the use of supplements carries potential risks, especially if taken in excessive amounts or without proper guidance.</p><p>While supplements may play a role in supporting kidney health, they are just one part of a comprehensive approach. Maintaining a balanced diet, managing blood pressure and blood sugar levels, and exercising regularly are some other ways to preserve kidney function.<br/></p><p></p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/supplements-for-kidney-health-8655973">Health.com</a>.</p>
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  18. Health Benefits of Tamarind

    Sat, 22 Jun 2024 20:00:00 -0000

    <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/elIV2jQ1XLZsKu5I2J47vmLMzGk&#x3D;/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc():format(jpeg)/Health-Stocksy_txp0109bc52v5w300_Medium_5612727-a4335f8f6eaf47d3a7e18f8c8742e2a0.jpg' alt='<p>Preeti B / Stocksy</p>' title='homemade sweet tamarind pickle and raw tamarind'> <figcaption> <i><p>Preeti B / Stocksy</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><strong>Medically reviewed by Jonathan Purtell, RDN</strong><strong>Medically reviewed by Jonathan Purtell, RDN</strong><p>Tamarind, scientifically known as <em>Tamarindus indica</em>, thrives as a tropical tree native to Africa and southern Asia. Its brown, pod-shaped fruits yield a sweet and tangy pulp, cherished for its culinary versatility across the globe.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span></p><p>Tamarind pulp is used fresh or processed into juice, brine, jams, or sweets. Tamarind seed flour is used in baking, while its flowers and leaves enhance dishes like salads, soups, stews, and curries.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><p>The tamarind plant is also used in traditional or folk medicine in tropical regions, especially in Bangladesh, India, Sudan, and Nigeria. It&#39;s known for its nutritional content, especially its protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals, alongside a number of other beneficial plant compounds.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><p>Keep reading to learn about the potential health benefits, nutritional facts, and creative ways to incorporate tamarind into the diet.</p><figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/n6kIw47wc2Fy6kNOqorLgJseMxo&#x3D;/fit-in/640x480/Health-Tamarind-Purple-Horiz-ddf4f4d743ae46a3b93268c066036560.jpg' alt='<p>Design by Health / Stocksy</p>' title='Health Photo Composite - Tamarind'> <figcaption> <i><p>Design by Health / Stocksy</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><h2>Provides Antioxidants and Other Beneficial Compounds</h2><p>Plant foods, like fruits and vegetables, contain <a href="https://www.health.com/nutrition/what-are-antioxidants" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">antioxidants</a> that help prevent or reduce damage caused by harmful molecules called free radicals. Free radicals can harm cells, a process called &#34;oxidative damage,&#34; which can contribute to conditions such as diabetes, cancer, and <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/heart-disease-overview" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">heart disease</a>. Free radicals can come from various sources, including natural processes in the body, as well as tobacco, pollution, and UV rays.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>Tamarind has high levels of phenolic compounds, which are good-for-you plant substances with antioxidant properties. Research shows that tamarind flesh contains more phenolic content compared to other fruits like <a href="https://www.health.com/nutrition/avocado-health-benefits" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">avocado</a>, jackfruit, mango, and longan. Antioxidants are also present in tamarind&#39;s pulp and leaves.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><p>Studies examining tamarind&#39;s potential health benefits have mostly been conducted in laboratories and with animals (not in humans). Researchers have observed that a substance called PST001a, found in tamarind seed kernels, could fight against tumors. Plant compounds in tamarind, like flavonoids and tannins, have been shown to <a href="https://www.health.com/how-to-lower-blood-sugar-7548605" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">lower blood sugar</a> and <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/cholesterol" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">cholesterol</a>.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><p>In a study involving human participants with <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/glaucoma-overview" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">glaucoma</a>, an antioxidant supplement including tamarind and other components effectively lowered oxidative stress levels in those with elevated levels. Oxidative stress occurs when there is an excessive amount of harmful free radicals in the body. However, since this study didn&#39;t include a placebo group and had few participants, more research is needed. However, researchers think this antioxidant supplement could help delay or prevent glaucoma.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span></p><p>These are just a few examples of the areas in which tamarind is being studied for its potential health benefits. Further research, particularly in humans, is necessary to fully understand tamarind&#39;s various compounds and their role in human health.</p><h2>Can Fight Inflammation</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/inflammation-7480642" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Inflammation</a> is a medical term describing a set of signs and symptoms including swelling, redness, warmness, pain, and loss of function (stiffness and immobility). It&#39;s the body&#39;s natural response to things like injuries, chemicals, or germs that can harm tissues.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span></p><p>In addition to its antioxidant activity, researchers have discovered compounds in tamarind that have anti-inflammatory properties.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span></p><p>In a 90-day study, researchers looked at how an herbal treatment made of tamarind and turmeric extracts affected 90 people experiencing <a href="https://www.health.com/knee-pain-8421212" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">knee pain</a> and joint discomfort after physical activity. The participants in this study did not have <a href="https://www.health.com/arthritis-overview-7554456" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">arthritis</a>. Participants were given either 250 milligrams (mg) or 400 mg of the herbal medicine, or a placebo.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><p>The study results showed that participants who received the herbal therapy experienced significant relief from knee pain following a walking and stair climb test. They also demonstrated an improved average walking speed and knee flexibility. Additionally, the herbal treatment was well-tolerated, with no major adverse effects noted.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><p>The study findings suggest that the new herbal treatment, made of anti-inflammatory-potent tamarind and turmeric extracts, may alleviate post-exercise pain and improve overall performance.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><h2>Rich in Nutrients</h2><p>Tamarind is a valuable source of essential nutrients, including <a href="https://www.health.com/magnesium-7229399" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">magnesium</a> and <a href="https://www.health.com/thiamine-benefits-7561385" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">thiamin</a> (vitamin B1), providing 26% and 43% of the daily value (DV) or recommended intake for these nutrients respectively. Additionally, tamarind is a good source of iron, meeting 19% of the DV for this essential mineral.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span></p><p>Magnesium plays a crucial role in more than 300 bodily functions, including blood pressure and blood sugar control, muscle and nerve function, and energy production. Despite its presence in various foods, many individuals in the U.S. do not consume sufficient magnesium, which can lead to a deficiency. Notably, low magnesium intake may result in early symptoms such as decreased appetite, <a href="https://www.health.com/nausea-7368221" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">nausea</a>, and weakness.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="9"></span></p><p>Thiamin, on the other hand, aids in converting food into energy and supports the proper growth and development of cells.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="12"></span></p><p>While most people in the U.S. consume adequate amounts of thiamin, iron deficiency remains a concern in certain groups with higher iron needs or factors affecting absorption. These groups include infants, children, teenage girls, and individuals who are pregnant or in <a href="https://www.health.com/perimenopause-7370352" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">perimenopause</a>. Medical conditions such as cancer, gastrointestinal disorders or surgery, and heart failure can also increase the risk of iron deficiency.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="11"></span></p><p><a href="https://www.health.com/iron-benefits-7643991" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Iron</a> is important for carrying oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. <a href="https://www.health.com/iron-deficiency-anemia-overview-7376533" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Iron deficiency</a> symptoms can manifest in various ways, including gastrointestinal discomfort, weakness, fatigue, impaired immune function, and difficulties regulating body temperature.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="11"></span></p><p>Dietary guidelines emphasize meeting nutritional needs primarily through food intake and supplementing when necessary. Therefore, incorporating tamarind alongside other nutritious foods can be beneficial in meeting nutrient requirements and potentially preventing deficiencies.</p><h2>Source of Fiber</h2><p>Just a half-cup of tamarind pulp gives you 11% of the recommended daily value (DV) for fiber, while a whole cup provides 22%.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span> This is important because many Americans don&#39;t get enough fiber in their diet, eating less than half of what&#39;s recommended. Adding tamarind to the diet can help meet fiber needs. For women, experts suggest aiming for about 25 grams (g) of fiber per day, while men should aim for around 38 g.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="13"></span></p><p>Found in plant foods, fiber helps with digestion and can prevent constipation and normalize bowel movements. Research also suggests a <a href="https://www.health.com/nutrition/fiber-gas-bloating" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">high-fiber diet</a> can help with weight loss, and lower the risk of <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/heart-disease-overview" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">cardiovascular disease</a>, diabetes, and some cancers.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="13"></span><br/></p><h2>Nutritional Facts of Tamarind</h2><p>The following nutrition information is for a one-cup (120 g) serving of tamarind pulp:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Calories:</strong> 287</li><li><strong>Protein:</strong> 3.36 g</li><li><strong>Fat:</strong> 0.72 g</li><li><strong>Carbohydrate</strong>: 75 g</li><li><strong>Fiber:</strong> 6.12 g (22% of the DV)</li><li><strong>Calcium:</strong> 88.8 milligrams (mg) (7% of DV)</li><li><strong>Iron:</strong> 3.36 mg (19% of the DV)</li><li><strong>Magnesium:</strong> 110 mg (26% of the DV)</li><li><strong>Phosphorus:</strong> 136 mg (11% of the DV)</li><li><strong>Potassium:</strong> 754 mg (16% of the DV)</li><li><strong>Copper:</strong> 0.103 mg (11% of the DV)</li><li><strong>Thiamin (vitamin B1):</strong> 0.514 mg (43% of the DV)</li><li><strong>Riboflavin (vitamin B2):</strong> 0.152 mg (12% of the DV)</li><li><strong>Niacin (vitamin B3): </strong>1.94 mg (12% of the DV)</li></ul><p>Tamarind is packed with carbohydrates, fiber, magnesium, and thiamin. It&#39;s also low in fat, has a bit of protein, and provides a good amount (at least 10% to 19%) of iron, phosphorus, <a href="https://www.health.com/potassium-7564162" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">potassium</a>, copper, and other <a href="https://www.health.com/vitamin-b-types-7568850" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">B vitamins</a>.</p><p>One cup of tamarind pulp contains 287 calories, primarily from carbohydrates in the form of natural sugars, which is typical of fruits. It&#39;s important to differentiate this from <a href="https://www.health.com/eating-too-much-sugar-7558297" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">added sugars</a>, which dietary guidelines recommend limiting due to their potential health risks such as weight gain, diabetes, and heart disease. Added sugars, unlike natural sugars found in fruits, are incorporated into foods and beverages, including sugar-sweetened drinks, desserts, and sweet snacks.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="14"></span></p><h2>Risks of Eating Tamarind</h2><p>Studies in animals show that tamarind seed extract might affect how antidiabetic medications work, possibly lowering fasting blood sugar levels. If you take these medications and eat tamarind, make sure to check your <a href="https://www.health.com/normal-blood-sugar-7559012" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">blood sugar</a> often and adjust your medication if necessary. Talk to a healthcare provider for personalized medical advice.</p><p>Due to its ability to lower fasting blood sugar levels, patients taking medicinal doses of tamarind are recommended to stop its consumption at least two weeks before scheduled surgery.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span><br/></p><p>Taking tamarind fruit extract as a component of millet porridge at the same time as aspirin or ibuprofen can make the body absorb more of these medicines and increase their levels in the blood. It&#39;s probably best to avoid taking tamarind fruit extract at the same time as aspirin or ibuprofen to prevent potential interactions.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span></p><h2>Tips for Consuming Tamarind</h2><p>Tamarind can be purchased as fresh or dried whole pods at Asian grocery stores or online in dried form. Tamarind paste made from tamarind pulp is also available in jars online. Store tamarind pods in a cool, dark location, away from direct sunlight.</p><p>To enjoy tamarind, it&#39;s important to understand how to consume it. Begin by holding the tamarind pod in your hand and gently bending it until it breaks open, revealing the pulp and seeds within. You can then simply suck or chew on the pulp, being mindful to spit out the seeds.</p><p>Tamarind pulp can also be easily separated from the seeds and used in various recipes. Remove the seeds from the pulp by hand or with a spoon, and then you can use the pulp in dishes like sauces, marinades, curries, chutneys, desserts, and drinks.<br/></p><p>Because of its tangy flavor profile, tamarind can be used as a substitute for lemon in recipes.</p><h2>Other Uses for Tamarind</h2><p>The food industry uses tamarind seeds to make a stabilizer called &#34;jellose.&#34; This is added to foods like cheese, ice cream, and mayonnaise because it helps them thicken and hold together. Tamarind kernel powder is made from tamarind seeds and used in other industries like making paper, textiles, and jute products.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><h2>A Quick Review</h2><p>Tamarind is a tropical fruit known for its sweet and tangy taste. It has a great amount of antioxidants and nutrients such as fiber and magnesium. While research on tamarind is still emerging, it suggests potential benefits in reducing oxidative stress and combating inflammation.</p><p>Tamarind can be enjoyed on its own or incorporated into both sweet and savory dishes. Interestingly, it also finds applications in diverse industries beyond food.<br/></p><p></p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/tamarind-8611209">Health.com</a>.</p>
  19. Health Benefits of Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (NAD)

    Sat, 22 Jun 2024 17:00:00 -0000

    <strong>Medically reviewed by Lindsay Cook, PharmD</strong><strong>Medically reviewed by Lindsay Cook, PharmD</strong><p><span data-tts="true">Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide</span> (NAD) is a compound found naturally in your body&#39;s cells. It&#39;s also available in supplement form. NAD, sometimes referred to by its other formats, NAD&#43; and NADH, is a key player in various cell functions, including helping to regulate your body&#39;s metabolic and inflammatory responses.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span></p><p>Because NAD levels naturally decline with age, researchers have hypothesized that NAD supplementation could improve symptoms of age-related conditions and metabolic disorders, promote muscle recovery, and more.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="13"></span><br/></p><figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/Vd9L0WQBw_16Wm7oEgms9PGzkkk&#x3D;/fit-in/640x480/Health-NAD-Purple-Horiz-d52aeaab36744e3a89e743096a601e05.jpg' alt='<p>Design by Health / Getty Images</p>' title='Health Photo Composite - NAD'> <figcaption> <i><p>Design by Health / Getty Images</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><h2>Benefits of NAD</h2><p>Early research shows that NAD supplementation may have various health benefits, though additional larger human clinical trials are needed to draw more conclusive evidence.</p><p>Studies also suggest that NAD levels may be raised in the body by taking what experts call NAD vitamin &#34;precursors&#34; or &#34;boosters.&#34; Two forms of vitamin B3 (or niacin) serve this purpose: <span data-tts="true">nicotinamide mononucleotide</span> (<a href="https://www.health.com/nmn-benefits-7550396" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">NMN</a>) and nicotinamide riboside (NR).<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="14"></span><br/></p><h3>May Slow Certain Effects of Aging</h3><p>NAD levels naturally decline with age, so NAD supplementation has been studied for its role in potentially preventing or reversing age-related health conditions.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span></p><p>Older animal studies have found that NAD helped prolong the number of years that subjects were in good health and reduced signs of premature aging. Now, the focus is on human clinical trials, where researchers have initially observed that supplementation of NAD precursors (such as NMN and NR) may improve signs of aging, including:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="23"></span></p><ul><li><a href="https://www.health.com/fitness/cardiovascular-endurance" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Cardiovascular health</a> and other physical signs of aging in middle-aged and older adults<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="24"></span></li><li>Aging skeletal muscle and anti-inflammatory effects, potentially helping to prevent a loss of muscle function, strength, and mass<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="25"></span></li><li>Mitochondrial function (or the cellular energy process) in people with <a href="https://www.health.com/fitness/cardiovascular-endurance" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">heart failure</a><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="26"></span><br/></li></ul><p>While these findings suggest that NAD supplements could effectively promote anti-aging effects, broader clinical trials are needed before NAD supplements can be specifically recommended for this purpose.</p><h3>Appears To Improve Cognitive Function</h3><p>Due to its potential link to anti-aging, experts suggest that NAD supplementation might reduce nerve cell inflammation, which can contribute to age-related cognitive disorders like <a href="https://www.health.com/parkinsons-disease-prevention-7151694" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Parkinson&#39;s disease</a>.</p><p>Early studies suggested that people with Parkinson&#39;s may be living with a NAD&#43; deficiency.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="11"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="10"></span> Then, a 2023 early-stage clinical trial found that a high dose of a NAD precursor (1500 milligrams of NR twice a day) improved NAD levels and certain <a href="https://www.health.com/parkinsons-disease-symptoms-6891561" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Parkinson&#39;s symptoms</a>.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="12"></span></p><p>In addition, <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/alzheimers-overview" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Alzheimer&#39;s disease</a>-related dementia seemed to respond positively to daily NAD supplementation in at least one study. However, much more research is needed in this area to confirm if there is a connection.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><h3>Could Reduce Premature Skin Aging</h3><p>Another area where NAD supplementation may be beneficial is skin health.</p><p>NAD&#39;s anti-aging effects may help your body repair DNA. This could potentially help repair UV-damaged skin and prevent <a href="https://www.health.com/beauty/anti-aging-skincare-for-sun-damage" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">premature skin aging</a>. Additionally, applying NAD topically has been shown to benefit skin conditions like <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/psoriasis/psoriasis-overview" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">psoriasis</a> (which causes skin cells to multiply too quickly, causing a build-up of skin cells) by slowing down skin cell multiplication.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="29"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="28"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="27"></span><br/></p><p>NAD supplementation&#39;s potential skin regenerative abilities need to be studied further before these treatments can be targeted to specific groups of people.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="23"></span><br/></p><h3>Potentially Supports Metabolic Health</h3><p>Metabolic health—which describes your body&#39;s ability to regulate <a href="https://www.health.com/normal-blood-sugar-7559012" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">blood sugar</a>, insulin, <a href="https://www.health.com/normal-cholesterol-levels-7372680" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">cholesterol levels</a>, and more —could be improved by NAD in some ways.</p><p>Research shows that increased levels of NAD in the body seem to support health conditions like <a href="https://www.health.com/obesity-7967228" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">obesity</a> and metabolic syndrome. These conditions can increase your risk of developing heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="30"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>A small 2021 study of postmenopausal people with <a href="https://www.health.com/prediabetes-overview-7111993" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">prediabetes</a> who had excess weight or obesity found that taking 250 milligrams (mg) of NAD per day for 10 weeks improved insulin sensitivity.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span> Other studies have found improvements in <a href="https://www.health.com/body-composition-7964680" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">body composition</a>, lipid levels, exercise capacity, and muscle composition with NAD supplementation.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="31"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span></p><p>Because these findings are relatively new, additional studies are needed to better understand this connection.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="32"></span><br/></p><h2>How To Take NAD</h2><p>NAD occurs naturally in the body and can be naturally increased through lifestyle factors like regular exercise and adequate sleep. NAD is also found in certain foods, such as turkey, cabbage, cucumber, and soybeans.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span> It can be taken as a supplement in capsule, powder, liquid, or intravenous (IV) form.</p><p>Some studies have noted that taking NAD supplements in split doses may be more beneficial. For example, a 250 mg dose of NAD may be divided into two doses, while a 1,000 mg dose might be divided into four doses. Like other forms of vitamin B, it appears to be tolerated with or without food.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><h3>Dosage</h3><p>Dosing for NAD supplements hasn&#39;t been officially established.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span> Studies have examined taking NAD supplements ranging from 250-1,000 mg daily. Most NAD supplements on the market are on the lower end of that range per capsule, but it&#39;s important to look at the bottle and ensure you know how much you&#39;re taking.</p><p>Because dosing recommendations can work differently for everyone, consult your healthcare provider to ensure you take the amount that works for you and your health.<br/></p><h2>Is NAD Safe?</h2><p>NAD is generally considered safe. When taken in dosages of up to 1,000 mg, the supplement hasn&#39;t been shown to harm human health.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>That said, because human research on NAD is still ongoing, experts warn that there isn&#39;t enough data to know whether NAD is safe in people who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Always talk to your healthcare provider about any kind of supplementation if you fall under those categories.</p><h3>Potential Drug Interactions</h3><p>Some initial data shows that NAD supplements may interact with certain medications, including:</p><ul><li><strong>Antidepressants:</strong> For some people, taking antidepressants can interfere with NAD levels in the body, making the supplements less effective.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span></li><li><strong><a href="https://www.health.com/insulin-7509651" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Insulin</a>:</strong> Because NAD supplements can interact with insulin sensitivity, people who depend on insulin medications may need different amounts of NAD to get the same effect.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="19"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></li><li><strong>Anti-aging supplements:</strong> Certain supplements that appear to be involved with the aging process, like <a href="https://www.health.com/coq10-7100367" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">coenzyme Q10</a> or <a href="https://www.health.com/quercetin-health-benefits-6825553" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">quercetin</a>, could increase the effects of NAD supplements.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></li></ul><p>If you&#39;re currently taking prescription medications or <a href="https://www.health.com/food/vitamins-what-to-take-what-to-skip" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">other supplements</a>, make sure you consult your prescribing healthcare provider to ensure you can safely add NAD to your routine.<br/></p><h2>What To Look For</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/supplements-7775481" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Dietary supplements</a> are not regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the same way that medications are.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="22"></span></p><p>When looking for an NAD supplement, purchasing products from companies that use independent third-party testers is the safest route. Some of the reputable, recommended testers include NSF International and the U.S. Pharmacopeia. These organizations test products for purity and quality and operate under strict standards for supplement safety.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="22"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span></p><p>Researchers have pointed out that oral NAD supplements may contain NAD precursors, like nicotinamide (NAM) or nicotinic acid (NA).<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="17"></span> Another NAD precursor, nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN), is no longer allowed to be marketed in the U.S. as a dietary supplement, as the FDA says it no longer meets supplement qualifications.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="33"></span></p><p>The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is also evaluating whether NAD classifies as a bulk drug substance or an active ingredient that could be used in pharmaceutical products.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="21"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="20"></span><br/></p><h2>Can You Take Too Much NAD?</h2><p>When sticking to the daily amounts that have been studied, it is unlikely you&#39;ll take too much NAD. That said, there&#39;s much more research to be done on NAD supplementation, including larger studies with higher dosages for longer periods of time.</p><p>To be safe, always discuss NAD and other supplement dosage questions with a healthcare provider based on the supplement label.<br/></p><h2>Side Effects of NAD</h2><p>So far, no severe side effects linked to NAD supplementation have been identified. Researchers have suggested that because NAD precursors (like forms of vitamin B3) are generally well-tolerated, it&#39;s likely that NAD would be experienced in the same way.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>Some of the more mild reported short-term side effects of NAD supplements—which can happen with ingesting high doses of niacin—include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span></p><ul><li>Skin flushing</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/headaches-and-migraines/headache-location-chart" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Headache</a></li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/vertigo/dizziness-causes" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Dizziness</a></li><li>Liver toxicity</li></ul><h2>A Quick Review</h2><p>Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is a compound that supports cellular processes in your body. As NAD levels naturally drop with age, supplementing it has been seen as a potential treatment for age-related conditions, with possible benefits for metabolism, cognitive function, and skin health. However, more extensive human studies are needed before NAD supplements can be widely recommended.</p><p>Always consult a healthcare provider before taking NAD supplements to ensure they&#39;re safe for you.</p><p></p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/nicotinamide-adenine-dinucleotide-nad-8657809">Health.com</a>.</p>
  20. Signs and Symptoms of Schizophrenia

    Sat, 22 Jun 2024 12:30:00 -0000

    <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/xCXC3mITJpYW602gmYaezhwyjNo&#x3D;/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc():format(jpeg)/health-GettyImages-1628298022-6d55580aa15d4b669ac530732ed7f169.jpg' alt='<p>Kseniya Ovchinnikova / Getty Images</p>' title='person with schizophrenia experiencing symptoms'> <figcaption> <i><p>Kseniya Ovchinnikova / Getty Images</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><p>Schizophrenia is a serious mental health condition that affects less than 1% of people in the United States. This condition affects how you think, feel, and behave.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span></p><p>People with schizophrenia may experience severe symptoms like delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized speech, which can make it difficult to think properly and feel motivated. Unfortunately, the weight schizophrenia has on your life can also make it challenging to maintain relationships and emotional well-being.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span> </p><p>Symptoms of schizophrenia can worsen over time, especially if you don&#39;t receive treatment. Fortunately, early treatment can lead to a reduction of symptoms and improvement in daily life. That&#39;s why recognizing the signs and symptoms of this condition is so important, as it can help you understand when you or a loved one need to seek support from a healthcare provider.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span> <br/></p><h2>Psychotic Symptoms</h2><p>People with schizophrenia experience symptoms similar to <a href="https://www.health.com/psychosis-7371099" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">psychosis</a>. These symptoms can affect the way you think, feel, and act. A person experiencing psychotic symptoms may seem out of touch with reality because their brains process information differently. This can be distressing for family and friends, but especially for the person living with this condition.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span> </p><p>Common psychotic symptoms associated with schizophrenia include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Delusions:</strong> Believing things that are not true or based in reality, such as thinking the people on television are talking directly to you and giving you specific instructions</li><li><strong>Hallucinations: </strong>Having experiences that are not actually happening, such as seeing, hearing, hearing, feeling, or feeling things that are not real</li><li><strong>Disorganized thoughts:</strong> Thinking in ways that are unusual from the norm, such as not being able to talk about your thoughts or feelings in an understandable way to others</li><li><strong>Unusual movements:</strong> Behaving in unpredictable ways, such as acting childlike or silly<br/></li></ul><h2>Negative Symptoms</h2><p>Negative symptoms refer to a lack of typical behaviors that are considered acceptable within society.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span> Common negative symptoms associated with schizophrenia include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Lack of motivation:</strong> Trouble getting yourself to plan and perform everyday tasks like brushing your teeth or buying food</li><li><strong>Social withdrawal:</strong> Avoiding seeing others and having trouble connecting in relationships</li><li><strong>Flat <a href="https://www.health.com/emotions-8403537" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">emotions</a>:</strong> Having a dull, monotone voice and not showing facial expressions</li><li><strong><a href="https://www.health.com/mind-body/your-energy-levels" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Low energy</a>: </strong>Resting for very long periods of time and sometimes even not moving or talking altogether (which is known as catatonia)<br/></li></ul><h2>Cognitive Symptoms </h2><p>People with schizophrenia often have trouble with their thinking.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span> As a result, you might experience the following challenges with your cognitive abilities:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Divided attention:</strong> Trouble paying attention and focusing when taking in new information</li><li><strong><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/adhd/cant-focus-how-to-tell-when-its-time-to-try-medication" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Trouble concentrating</a>:</strong> Having a hard time following a conversation or being able to listen to others intently</li><li><strong>Difficult processing information:</strong> Challenges with learning new things and applying information they have already learned</li><li><strong><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/alzheimers/15-ways-to-boost-your-memory-in-your-30s-40s-50s-and-beyond" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Memory problems</a>:</strong> Difficulty remembering important details like appointments or meetings <br/></li></ul><h2>Symptoms in Children </h2><p>Schizophrenia is very rare in young children. That&#39;s because most people receive a schizophrenia diagnosis between the ages of 16 and 30. While most people with schizophrenia experience symptoms in late adolescence or early adulthood, some children can also develop symptoms in rare occurrences. The warning signs may include trouble thinking or unusual behaviors.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span> <br/></p><h2>When to Contact a Healthcare Provider </h2><p>Seeking treatment for schizophrenia as early as possible is critical to your recovery. The World Health Organization estimates that at least one-third of people with schizophrenia are able to achieve complete remission from their symptoms—meaning, they don&#39;t experience symptoms at all with the right treatment. People who do not seek treatment often experience worsening symptoms over time.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span> </p><p>See your healthcare provider right away if you believe that you or a loved one are having experiences that are not real. This could include seeing things that are not there or hearing voices in your head. They can help diagnose you or your loved one and recommend appropriate treatment options.<br/></p> <br/><br/><h3>Questions to Ask Your Provider</h3><p>Seeking care for mental health concerns can feel difficult or overwhelming. It&#39;s important to understand that there&#39;s no shame in experiencing challenges with your emotional well-being. In fact, many people not only experience mental health conditions, but also seek out care for them. That said, if you&#39;ve decided to meet with your healthcare provider, it can help to come prepared with certain questions. Consider the following:<br/></p><ul><li>Is there a way to snap out of hallucinations?</li><li>Will my symptoms go away on their own?</li><li>What treatment options are currently available if I have schizophrenia?</li><li>Is it safe for me to live on my own? </li><li>Is it possible to fully recover from schizophrenia?<br/></li></ul><br/><br/> <h2>A Quick Review </h2><p>Schizophrenia is a serious mental health condition that affects a person’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Common symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, disordered thoughts, and disorganized speech. People with schizophrenia may also experience cognitive problems like low motivation and trouble concentrating. While living with schizophrenia can be challenging, treatments can help improve symptoms and quality of life.</p><h3>Frequently Asked Questions</h3> <p> <strong>What happens if schizophrenia is left untreated?</strong> </p> <p> <p>When left untreated, schizophrenia symptoms usually progress and become worse. Fortunately, many people experience improved symptoms with treatment.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span> <br/></p> </p> <p> <strong>Can you live a happy life with schizophrenia?</strong> </p> <p> <p>It is possible to live a good life with schizophrenia, especially if you seek treatment and follow your treatment plan.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span><br/></p> </p> <p> <strong>How do you support a loved one with symptoms of schizophrenia?</strong> </p> <p> <p>Loving someone with schizophrenia can be difficult and sometimes scary. However, there are ways you can support their recovery, such as by asking what they need help with, encouraging them to get treatment, emphasizing their strengths, and focusing on your own self-care too.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span><br/></p> </p> <p></p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/schizophrenia-symptoms-8659636">Health.com</a>.</p>
  21. Nocturnal Seizures: How to Recognize the Symptoms and Find Support

    Sat, 22 Jun 2024 09:00:00 -0000

    <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/_zwyIVvg8SJ37Nxe3irzyaUYXD4&#x3D;/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc():format(jpeg)/Health-GettyImages-499783449-d1f4edcb20c5483da768cb00bb48849a.jpg' alt='<p>PeopleImages / Getty Images</p>' title='Person very tired in the morning'> <figcaption> <i><p>PeopleImages / Getty Images</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><strong>Medically reviewed by Smita Patel, DO</strong><strong>Medically reviewed by Smita Patel, DO</strong><p>Nocturnal seizures are seizures that happen at night. They are caused by disruptions to sleep, which can lower your seizure threshold. Other triggers include sleep apnea, seizures themselves, and antiepileptic medications.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span><br/></p><p>About 20% of people with epilepsy have seizures that only happen at night.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span> Nocturnal seizures look different from person to person and may be hard to witness if you sleep alone. Some people remember their seizures, but others don’t. Being overly tired the next day is a major indication you may have had a seizure the night before.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><h2>Signs and Symptoms</h2><p>There are about 30 different types of seizures, including:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Grand mal seizures on awakening (GMA):</strong> A common seizure disorder associated with sleep. These seizures usually happen directly after waking up or while relaxing in the evening. They usually present as rhythmic, whole-body jerking.</li><li><strong>Nocturnal frontal lobe <a href="https://www.health.com/epilepsy-overview-7100672" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">epilepsy</a> (NFLE): </strong>A fairly brief seizure that occurs at night. Symptoms can vary, lasting from a few seconds to a few minutes. During a seizure, the person may sit up, jump, or scream.</li><li><strong>Juvenile myoclonus epilepsy (JME): </strong>Begins between the ages of 8-26. Seizures usually occur within two hours of waking, often after poor or <a href="https://www.health.com/sleep-deprivation-8364530" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">inadequate sleep</a>.</li></ul><p>The symptoms of a nocturnal seizure vary depending on your type of seizure. You may experience:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span></p><ul><li>Spasms in your trunk, head, or neck</li><li>Grunting noises or changes in speech</li><li>Facial grimacing or eye-rolling</li><li>Difficulty breathing</li><li>Loss of consciousness</li></ul><p>Seizures might go unwitnessed, and it may be hard to tell for sure if you&#39;ve had a hard one. Here are some indications you may have experienced a seizure overnight:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span></p><ul><li>A bitten tongue</li><li>Disheveled covers</li><li>Urine or stool in the bed</li></ul><p>Some people may remember their seizures from the night before. Other people may not remember the seizure, but they may remember waking up during the night. It depends on what type of seizure you have.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span></p><p>It’s not uncommon to feel excessively tired during the day after a seizure. This can last over a day after the seizure occurs.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span> </p><p>Some people may notice changes to their cognition the day after a nocturnal seizure. You consolidate your memories from the day when you sleep. A seizure can disrupt that process, making it harder for you to concentrate or remember things.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span></p><h2>Causes and Triggers</h2><p>Poor sleep—for example, waking up throughout the night—could put you at risk for a seizure.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span> One study found that increasing sleep by about 90 minutes for one night decreased the risk of a seizure by 27% over the next 48 hours.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span><br/></p><p>Because poor sleep is a trigger, anything that disturbs sleep can cause a seizure. This means seizures, which disturb your sleep, can actually trigger more seizures. The cycle can be difficult to break. <a href="https://www.health.com/sleep-disorders-8399780" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Sleep disorders</a> and antiepileptic (drugs used to treat epilepsy) can also alter sleep and cause nocturnal seizures.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span><br/></p><p>It’s not uncommon for people with <a href="https://www.health.com/sleep-apnea-8387497" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">sleep apnea</a> to also experience nocturnal seizures. Sleep apnea is a chronic breathing disorder that causes your breathing to stop and restart repeatedly while you sleep. Some evidence indicates sleep apnea may make nocturnal seizures worse. One study found that treating sleep apnea patients also lowered the number of seizures they had.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span><br/></p><h3>Risk Factors</h3><p>Some people may be more at risk for developing epilepsy. Common risk factors for seizures include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span></p><ul><li>Stroke</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/traumatic-brain-injury-symptoms-8605050" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Traumatic brain injury</a> (TBI)</li><li>Brain tumors</li><li>Smoking</li><li>Other sleep disorders</li></ul><p>Several medical conditions can cause seizures while sleeping. For example:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span></p><ul><li><strong>West syndrome: </strong>This condition typically occurs in infants. Parents might witness brief clusters of seizures during sleep or shortly after waking.</li><li><strong><span data-tts="true">Panayiotopoulos</span> syndrome:</strong> This condition usually occurs in children, typically during sleep. Seizures usually start with nausea and vomiting and can be longer than other disorders. Most people experience five or fewer seizures before they go into remission.</li><li><strong>Benign rolandic epilepsy: </strong>This is the most common form of epilepsy in children. Seizures usually occur right after falling asleep or awakening. Children are typically aware of the seizures and remember them the next day.<br/></li></ul><h2>Diagnosing Nocturnal Seizures</h2><p>A sleep specialist or neurologist—a doctor who specializes in the brain and nervous system—often diagnoses nocturnal seizures. They will likely perform an <a href="https://www.health.com/electroencephalogram-7504786" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">electroencephalogram</a> (EEG) test to measure your brain activity while you sleep during a nap or overnight. They may use medication to help you fall asleep. Abnormal brain activity can be a sign of nocturnal seizures.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span><br/></p><p>Your healthcare provider may need to take an image of your brain. This can help rule out other health conditions or help the provider understand the cause of your nocturnal seizures. Common brain imaging scans include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="10"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan: </strong>Uses a strong magnetic field and radio waves to generate images of the body (no radiation)</li><li><strong><a href="https://www.health.com/ct-scan-7252819" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Computed tomography (CT) scan</a>:</strong> Uses a specialized device that rotates around your body to use X-rays that generate the images (radiation)</li></ul><p>Healthcare providers won’t order these imaging tests if your nocturnal epilepsy is genetic.</p><h2>Treatment for Seizures During Sleep</h2><p>One of the most important treatment strategies is prioritizing sleep. This is important for caregivers as well as for people with nocturnal seizures. Improving sleep can help reduce the risk of a seizure.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><p>Here are some key sleep tips:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="11"></span></p><ul><li>Try to go to bed at the same time every night</li><li>Have a calming <a href="https://www.health.com/how-to-fall-asleep-fast-7377213" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">sleep routine</a> before bed</li><li>Keep your bedroom dark and quiet</li><li>Exercise earlier in the day versus right before bed<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span></li></ul><p>A neurologist or sleep specialist may recommend medications to help manage your seizures. Antiepileptic medications may help, but they may also disturb your sleep. You may also experience side effects during the day. Some antiepileptics cause daytime drowsiness, while others cause weight gain, sleep apnea, or affect learning ability.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span></p><p>The ketogenic diet may help control nocturnal seizures when medication is not effective. This diet focuses on a high-fat, low-carb diet to increase the seizure threshold (the amount of stimulus required to trigger a seizure). Always work closely with a registered dietician (RD) when making significant diet changes.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span><br/></p><p>Vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) may also be useful if medication does not work. It can manage daytime sleepiness for nocturnal seizures.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span> A device is surgically implanted under the collarbone to stimulate the vagus nerve and help control seizures.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="12"></span><br/><br/></p><h2>Coping Strategies and Support</h2><p>Sleep seizures can cause stress and anxiety for people experiencing them and their families. The anticipation of a seizure can make it difficult to relax.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><p>Some people may find relief in monitoring the person with nocturnal seizures. Monitoring options include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><ul><li>Sharing a bedroom</li><li>Using a monitor for remote observation of the person sleeping</li><li>Putting sensors on the person with nocturnal seizures </li></ul><p>Choose the method that works for you and your family. Monitoring for nocturnal seizures can also help prevent breathing issues from prolonged seizures.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span><br/></p> <br/><br/><h3>Are Seizures Deadly?</h3><p>Seizures can be a scary medical event to watch, especially when it happens to a loved one. However, sudden death from nocturnal seizures is rare.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span></p><br/><br/> <p>It might be helpful to join a local support group. For example, the <a href="https://www.epilepsy.com/" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1">Epilepsy Foundation</a> has local chapters and offers support like the following:</p><ul><li>Educational events and fundraisers</li><li>Support groups for families, adults, teens, and bereavement</li><li>Overnight camps tailored for children with epilepsy</li></ul><p>They also have a <a href="https://www.epilepsy.com/247-helpline" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1">24/7 call line</a> (English and Spanish) for support with specific questions. They also have an online form you can complete to receive help within one day. They can also help connect you with a local doctor.<br/></p><h2>A Quick Review</h2><p>Sleep and seizures are closely related. Disturbances to sleep can lower your seizure threshold and cause nocturnal seizures. Nocturnal seizures can cause increased fatigue during the day, keep you awake during the night, and cause more nocturnal seizures.</p><p>Most nocturnal seizures aren’t deadly. Treatment strategies include prioritizing sleep, trying medications, following the ketogenic diet, and implementing nighttime monitors.</p><p></p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/signs-you-had-a-seizure-in-your-sleep-8663940">Health.com</a>.</p>
  22. Can Chewing Facial Fitness Gum Help You Get a More Chiseled Jawline? - Healthline

    Sat, 22 Jun 2024 08:23:51 -0000

  23. The Best Cooling Mattress Toppers, Expert-Approved and Editor-Tested

    Sat, 22 Jun 2024 07:00:00 -0000

    Find relief and add comfort with these top-performing mattress toppers across multiple categories.
    <p>Find relief and add comfort with these top-performing mattress toppers across multiple categories.</p><figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/c2eZCFe7-l5z-sHUiYRDp6HgSbc&#x3D;/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc():format(jpeg)/hlt-product-casper-comfy-mattress-topper-dburreson-005-dcfa72070248456ba568a75e584a0cf8.jpeg' alt='<p>Health / Dera Burreson</p>' title='The Casper Sleep Comfy Mattress Topper on a mattress in a bedroom on a bed frame.'> <figcaption> <i><p>Health / Dera Burreson</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><strong>Medically reviewed by Valerie Cacho, MD</strong><p>If you sleep hot and aren’t ready to invest in a new cooling mattress, <strong>cooling mattress toppers can provide heat relief to extend the life of your current mattress</strong>. Essentially an extra layer of foam—often perforated or infused with gels—cooling toppers <strong>dissipate heat while improving your bed&#39;s comfort</strong>. </p><p><br/>As <a href="https://go.skimresources.com/?id=58287X1356702&url=https%3A%2F%2Fthesleepdoctor.com%2Fabout%2Fdavid-rubin%2F&xcust=8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1" rel="nocaes">David Rubin</a>, certified sleep science coach and product expert at <a href="https://go.skimresources.com/?id=58287X1356702&url=http%3A%2F%2Fthesleepdoctor.com%2F&xcust=8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="2" rel="nocaes"> TheSleepDoctor.com</a>, notes, cooling toppers are great for people who find their current mattress too firm and want a softer, more contouring surface. And they can even help <strong>alleviate hip and shoulder pain</strong>. Board-certified orthopedic spine surgeon <a href="https://go.skimresources.com/?id=58287X1356702&url=https%3A%2F%2Frahulshahmd.com%2Fabout%2Fdr-shah&xcust=8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="3" rel="nocaes">Rahul Shah, MD</a>, also notes that individuals who have difficulty falling asleep may find that using a cooling mattress topper can significantly improve<strong> their sleep environment</strong>. And a better night’s sleep can positively affect your <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/sleep/11-surprising-health-benefits-of-sleep" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="4">mood, body, and cognitive performance</a>.</p><p><br/>To find the best cooling mattress toppers, we talked to the experts and tested 17 popular models in the lab, followed by at-home testing for six months. We evaluated each topper based on overall comfort and support, durability, impact on sleep quality, value, and cooling performance. A sleep expert from our <a href="https://www.health.com/health-com-s-medical-expert-board-5224047" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Medical Expert Board</a> reviewed the information in this article about cooling mattress toppers and how to select one for accuracy.</p><h2>Our Top Picks</h2><ul><li>Best Overall: <a href="https://www.amazon.com/dp/B09RSM7JPJ?tag=health-syndication-20&ascsubtag=8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss%7C" data-component="amazon" data-source="affiliate" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1" rel="sponsored nofollow noskim">Casper Comfy Mattress Topper</a></li><li>Best Gel: <a href="https://www.amazon.com/AmazonBasics-Cooling-Gel-Infused-CertiPUR-US-Certified/dp/B07SMSWQ19?tag=health-syndication-20&ascsubtag=8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss%7C" data-component="amazon" data-source="affiliate" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="2" rel="sponsored nofollow noskim">Amazon Basics Cooling Gel-Infused Firm Support Mattress Topper</a></li><li>Most Comfortable: <a href="https://www.amazon.com/dp/B09BBKKYTN?tag=health-syndication-20&ascsubtag=8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss%7C" data-component="amazon" data-source="affiliate" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="3" rel="sponsored nofollow noskim">GhostBed Cooling Gel Memory Foam Mattress Topper</a></li><li>Best Budget: <a href="https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01MYN9K5B?tag=health-syndication-20&ascsubtag=8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss%7C" data-component="amazon" data-source="affiliate" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="4" rel="sponsored nofollow noskim">Linenspa 2-Inch Memory Foam Mattress Topper</a></li><li>Best Investment: <a href="https://www.amazon.com/dp/B07V7R7V8F?tag=health-syndication-20&ascsubtag=8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss%7C" data-component="amazon" data-source="affiliate" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="5" rel="sponsored nofollow noskim">Tempur-Pedic TEMPUR-Adapt &#43; Cooling 3-Inch Queen Mattress Topper</a></li></ul> <br/><br/><h3> The Editor’s Take</h3><p>As the <em>Health</em> Associate Editor of sleep and mattress reviews, I’ve spent the last two years testing mattresses, pillows, and more both at home and in our testing labs and writing and editing all of our mattress and sleep product reviews. While cooling mattress toppers are a great way to modify a firm or aging mattress without investing in a brand new one,they won’t always provide the <em>exact </em>results you’re expecting. We tested cooling mattress toppers at home with different types of sleepers—including hot sleepers and those who experience night sweats—and found promising results during the two-month testing period. Still, many of us needed to further modify our sleep environments when using the cooling mattress toppers, whether weadjusted their placement on our mattresses or slept on different kinds of sheets.</p><p><br/></p><p>We found that cooling mattress toppers can add additional comfort to your sleeping experience, but they’re most effective when you pair them with <a href="https://www.health.com/best-cooling-sheets-7372057" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">cooling sheets</a> or other changes to your sleep environment. Some picks, like the <a href="https://www.amazon.com/dp/B09RSM7JPJ?tag=health-syndication-20&ascsubtag=8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss%7C" data-component="amazon" data-source="affiliate" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="2" rel="sponsored nofollow noskim">Casper Comfy Mattress Topper</a>, made us feel a real and immediate difference at night, but it&#39;s best to temper your expectations. Our experts recommend looking for latex or gel-infused foam when choosing a cooling mattress topper. </p><p><br/></p><p>— <em><a href="https://www.health.com/author/jaylyn-pruitt" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">Jaylyn Pruitt</a>, Associate Commerce Editor</em><br/></p><br/><br/> <h3>Best Overall Cooling Mattress Topper: Casper Comfy Mattress Topper</h3> <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/Dr2MPSXmQdsy6fuDr9Is0-6C45I&#x3D;/fit-in/640x480/casper-comfy-mattress-topper-fe5c9771b8164115ab8286368ae1ed9a.jpg' alt='' title='Amazon Casper Comfy Mattress Topper'> </figure> <p> <strong> <a href='https://www.amazon.com/dp/B09RSM7JPJ?tag&#x3D;health-syndication-20&amp;ascsubtag&#x3D;8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss%7C'>Buy at Amazon.com </a> </strong> </p> <p> <strong> <a href='https://goto.target.com/c/249354/81938/2092?subId1&#x3D;8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss&amp;subId3&#x3D;&amp;u&#x3D;https%3A%2F%2Fwww.target.com%2Fp%2Fthe-casper-comfy-topper-queen%2F-%2FA-86904137%3Fslpfid%3D3'>Buy at Target.com </a> </strong> </p> <h3>Why We Like It</h3><p>Firm and supportive, especially while lying on our backs, the Casper Comfy Mattress Topper <strong>conformed to our contours beautifully while always springing back into position as soon as we left the bed</strong>. We noticed a marked increase in comfort when testing this topper on multiple beds. It helped breathe new life into our old mattresses and <strong>made a noticeable difference in sleep temperatures—keeping us cooler for longer, even while co-sleeping</strong>. We’d recommend this product to anyone <a href="https://www.health.com/best-cooling-sheets-7372057" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">needing relief from heat</a> and a little more support from their mattress. </p><h3>It’s Worth Noting </h3><p>This topper is heavy and requires some effort to lift onto the bed, ideally requiring two people to put it in place. At three inches thick, it does not add life-changing levels of comfort if you have an overly firm mattress, but it is enough to extend the life of your aging mattress.</p><h3>Product Details:</h3><ul><li><strong>Material: </strong>Polyester weave cover and perforated memory foam</li><li><strong>Thickness: </strong>3 inches</li><li><strong>Care Instructions: </strong>Spot clean only</li></ul><h3>Best Gel Cooling Mattress Topper: Amazon Basics Cooling Gel-Infused Firm Support Mattress Topper</h3> <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/URY909f0XHIgzDUeQojqFi4SFoA&#x3D;/fit-in/640x480/amazon-basics-cooling-gel-infused-firm-support-mattress-topper-5d4c85b83d54428db09622547ad3eede.jpg' alt='' title='Amazon Basics Cooling Gel-Infused Firm Support Mattress Topper'> </figure> <p> <strong> <a href='https://www.amazon.com/AmazonBasics-Cooling-Gel-Infused-CertiPUR-US-Certified/dp/B07SMSWQ19?tag&#x3D;health-syndication-20&amp;ascsubtag&#x3D;8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss%7C'>Buy at Amazon.com </a> </strong> </p> <h3>Why We Like It</h3><p>With a near-perfect<strong> balance of plushness and support</strong>, this mattress topper added <strong>a supremely comfortable layer to an old, firm mattress</strong>. The three inches of gel-infused foam helped keep us in alignment while sleeping on our backs and stomachs. We loved that <strong>the cooling qualities of the gel lived up to the manufacturer’s claims</strong>. And we’ve enjoyed better quality of sleep through six months of testing. This gel mattress topper has rejuvenated a very old mattress to the point that we won’t need to buy a new one anytime soon.</p><h3>It’s Worth Noting </h3><p>This is a heavy topper and very difficult to move/maneuver with just one person. The exposed foam also looks a little ugly, so it would be worth investing in some kind of cover. </p><h3>Product Details:</h3><ul><li><strong>Material: </strong>Cooling gel-infused memory foam </li><li><strong>Thickness: </strong>3 inches</li><li><strong>Care Instructions: </strong>Machine-washable</li></ul><h3>Most Comfortable Cooling Mattress Topper: GhostBed Memory Foam Topper</h3> <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/nlH_W0kP5992sGil4MFVRf8qB-U&#x3D;/fit-in/640x480/ghostbed-memory-foam-topper-7c91456d52104740af33a6c102484766.jpg' alt='' title='GhostBed Memory Foam Topper'> </figure> <p> <strong> <a href='https://www.amazon.com/dp/B09BBKKYTN?tag&#x3D;health-syndication-20&amp;ascsubtag&#x3D;8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss%7C'>Buy at Amazon.com </a> </strong> </p> <p> <strong> <a href='https://www.anrdoezrs.net/links/7883147/type/dlg/sid/8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss%7C/https://www.bedbathandbeyond.com/Bedding-Bath/GhostBed-3-Inch-Cooling-Gel-Memory-Foam-Mattress-Topper/36031217/product.html'>Buy at Bedbathandbeyond.com </a> </strong> </p> <h3>Why We Like It</h3><p>Soft and plush, this mattress topper was so <strong>comfortable in every sleep position and superb for back sleeping</strong>. We found it easy to position on the bed, and it did not budge throughout testing. Though we initially didn’t notice a marked difference in sleep temperatures, <strong>we loved the breathability of the waterproof materials</strong>. Over time, we’ve <strong>definitely noticed the cooling qualities at work</strong>. We’ve also noticed a <strong>big improvement in sleep quality</strong>—staying asleep longer without changing positions. For a fraction above median price, the benefits delivered by this topper far outstrip the price tag. And in terms of overall comfort, it outperformed every other mattress topper we tried.</p><h3>It’s Worth Noting </h3><p>Through months of testing, we found very little to fault about this topper. To position it on your mattress, we’d suggest laying it in the middle of the bed and gently lifting and pulling the topper out toward the edges. </p><h3>Product Details:</h3><ul><li><strong>Material: </strong>Cooling gel-infused memory foam </li><li><strong>Thickness: </strong>3 inches</li><li><strong>Care Instructions: </strong>Machine-washable cover, spot clean core</li></ul><h3>Best Budget Cooling Mattress Topper: Linenspa 2-Inch Gel Memory Foam Mattress Topper</h3> <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/aGE2CxqOpZJI8aYRIaIN1s1JkTM&#x3D;/fit-in/640x480/linenspa-2-inch-memory-foam-mattress-topper-6aab5f97f6434174ab4d0715214a0469.jpg' alt='' title='Linenspa 2-Inch Gel Memory Foam Mattress Topper'> </figure> <p> <strong> <a href='https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01MYN9K5B?tag&#x3D;health-syndication-20&amp;ascsubtag&#x3D;8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss%7C'>Buy at Amazon.com </a> </strong> </p> <p> <strong> <a href='https://www.anrdoezrs.net/links/7883147/type/dlg/sid/8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss%7C/https://www.bedbathandbeyond.com/Bedding-Bath/LINENSPA-2-inch-Gel-Memory-Foam-Mattress-Topper/20689886/product.html'>Buy at Bedbathandbeyond.com </a> </strong> </p> <h3>Why We Like It</h3><p>Super breathable, this mattress topper delivered <strong>top-shelf cooling qualities at an affordable price</strong>. We loved that it’s so lightweight and easily positioned by one person, and it didn’t budge an inch through testing. We found the topper provided excellent <strong>plushness and support while side and back sleeping</strong>. During testing, this topper had us falling asleep faster, and we noted a <strong>big improvement in overall sleep quality</strong>. As an inexpensive refresher for your current mattress or an extra comfort layer for a guest bed, we recommend the Linenspa 2-Inch Memory Foam Mattress Topper as a superb budget choice.</p><h3>It’s Worth Noting </h3><p>We tested the two-inch version of this topper and feel that the three-inch option would’ve taken comfort to another level again. </p><h3>Product Details:</h3><ul><li><strong>Material: </strong>Cooling gel-infused memory foam </li><li><strong>Thickness: </strong>2 inches</li><li><strong>Care Instructions: </strong>Spot clean only</li></ul><h3>Best for Side Sleepers: Nest Bedding Cooling Topper</h3> <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/r_CZNk18qydNf8ag5c9ANkwXDrs&#x3D;/fit-in/640x480/Nest-Bedding-Cooling-Topper-d638163a3db64fd19b050e986dd161fc.jpg' alt='' title='Nest Bedding Cooling Topper'> </figure> <p> <strong> <a href='https://nestbedding.uxsi.net/c/249354/555718/9282?subId1&#x3D;8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss&amp;subId3&#x3D;&amp;u&#x3D;https%3A%2F%2Fwww.nestbedding.com%2Fproducts%2Fthe-alexander-signiture-select-topper'>Buy at Nestbedding.com </a> </strong> </p> <h3>Why We Like It</h3><p>Comfortable and supportive in every sleep position, this Nest Cooling Topper strikes an <strong>excellent balance of stability and cushioning to vastly improve the feel of a too-firm mattress</strong>. The foam <strong>molded to our contours to keep our spines aligned</strong>, even while side sleeping. The topper added an extra layer of cozy softness without being deep enough to create any sinking. All in all, it delivered enough plush cushioning to allow us to hold off replacing an existing mattress anytime soon.</p><h3>It’s Worth Noting </h3><p>Though this topper checked boxes on comfort and support, we didn’t find the cooling qualities very impressive for very hot sleepers. Over time, the topper shifted on the bed, and it’s challenging to move it back into position. </p><h3>Product Details:</h3><ul><li><strong>Material: </strong>Cooling memory foam</li><li><strong>Thickness: </strong>2 inches</li><li><strong>Care Instructions: </strong>Spot clean only</li></ul><h3>Best Investment Cooling Mattress Topper: Tempur-Pedic Tempur Adapt+ Cooling Mattress Topper</h3> <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/f7y8FT4TKrRF4kEm2ikxW1pDlDg&#x3D;/fit-in/640x480/Tempur-Pedic-TEMPUR-Adapt-Cooling-3-Inch-Mattress-Topper-562ad55c81344a9fab5ef16b7974011f.jpg' alt='' title='Amazon Tempur-Pedic TEMPUR Adapt+ Cooling 3-Inch Mattress Topper'> </figure> <p> <strong> <a href='https://www.amazon.com/dp/B07V7R7V8F?tag&#x3D;health-syndication-20&amp;ascsubtag&#x3D;8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss%7C'>Buy at Amazon.com </a> </strong> </p> <p> <strong> <a href='https://homedepot.sjv.io/c/249354/456723/8154?subId1&#x3D;8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss&amp;subId3&#x3D;&amp;u&#x3D;https%3A%2F%2Fwww.homedepot.com%2Fp%2FTEMPUR-PEDIC-TEMPUR-Adapt-plus-Cooling-3-in-Queen-Mattress-Topper-11989151%2F323189671'>Buy at Homedepot.com </a> </strong> </p> <h3>Why We Like It</h3><p>First impressions were that this topper would be too soft, but we found the foam <strong>conformed to our contours offering relief to pressure points in all sleep positions</strong>. We loved the removable and washable hypoallergenic cover. And the premium materials and feel of the topper—though not as cooling as we would’ve liked—justify the above-median price. <strong>While it definitely adds cloud-like softness to your sleep surface, it doesn’t add much structure</strong>, so we wouldn’t recommend it for use on soft mattresses. But if you’re looking for an extra comfort layer to revive an older firm mattress and don’t mind things soft, this Tempur-Pedic could be worth the investment.</p><h3>It’s Worth Noting </h3><p>This is a heavy topper and requires at least two people to position it on the bed. When placed on a soft mattress, this topper lacked the structure to offer additional support, and we experienced some hip pain after a few months of use on a softer mattress.</p><h3>Product Details:</h3><ul><li><strong>Material: </strong>Adaptive cooling memory foam</li><li><strong>Thickness: </strong>3 inches</li><li><strong>Care Instructions: </strong>Machine-washable cover, spot clean core</li></ul><h3>Best Soft Cooling Mattress Topper: ViscoSoft Serene Hybrid Mattress Topper</h3> <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/uQUB2wQ-Ex4ApFVKWyMayBSMbhE&#x3D;/fit-in/640x480/ViscoSoft-Pillow-Top-Memory-Foam-Mattress-Topper-42d320d4efac4789aeaa6c90c24e6cfa.jpg' alt='' title='ViscoSoft Pillow Top Memory Foam Mattress Topper'> </figure> <p> <strong> <a href='https://www.amazon.com/dp/B075MQTB3W?tag&#x3D;health-syndication-20&amp;ascsubtag&#x3D;8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss%7C'>Buy at Amazon.com </a> </strong> </p> <p> <strong> <a href='https://click.linksynergy.com/deeplink?id&#x3D;93xLBvPhAeE&amp;mid&#x3D;44608&amp;murl&#x3D;https%3A%2F%2Fviscosoft.com%2Fcollections%2Ftoppers%2Fproducts%2F4-inch-mattress-topper&amp;u1&#x3D;8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss%7C'>Buy at Viscosoft.com </a> </strong> </p> <h3>Why We Like It</h3><p>For side sleepers and those who prefer a lofty, pillowy sleep surface, we found a lot to love about this ViscoSoft mattress topper. Though difficult to position this heavy topper on the bed, it stayed in place beautifully with no adjustment required. <strong>Once we were engulfed in its plush embrace, it was very difficult to get out of bed—in a good way</strong>. Despite its softness, with the quilted pad in place it <strong>offered enough support to cradle our shoulders all night in a side-sleeping position with no residual soreness</strong> the next day. Over several months of testing, we weren’t exactly sold on the cooling abilities of this topper. But we did look forward to bedtime, we slept more soundly and even found ourselves gravitating to the bed for super-comfy relaxation during waking hours.</p><h3>It’s Worth Noting </h3><p>When we moved this topper, the underside of the foam tended to &#34;shed&#34; snowy flakes which went everywhere. The queen-size topper was also slightly larger than our queen-size beds, so it hangs over the sides, which led to some of the foam cracking over time. We’ve also noticed the polyfill cover lost some of its initial plushness, so we have to regularly re-fluff it. And we’ve found it runs hotter than other toppers we tried, so we wouldn’t recommend it for its cooling performance alone. </p><h3>Product Details:</h3><ul><li><strong>Material: </strong>Memory foam</li><li><strong>Thickness: </strong>4 inches</li><li><strong>Care Instructions: </strong>Washable cover pad</li><li><strong>Trial Period: </strong>Yes, 90-day money-back guarantee</li></ul><h3>Best Memory Foam Cooling Mattress Topper: Zinus Green Tea Cooling Gel Memory Foam Mattress Topper</h3> <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/RXhpHJrneo_zh98RGRhKC0CTJCk&#x3D;/fit-in/640x480/zinus-4-inch-green-tea-cooling-gel-memory-foam-mattress-topper-c5a1e248f2f1455ba446fde8c93ac2cb.jpg' alt='' title='Amazon ZINUS 4 Inch Green Tea Cooling Gel Memory Foam Mattress Topper'> </figure> <p> <strong> <a href='https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00FJNQF7U?tag&#x3D;health-syndication-20&amp;ascsubtag&#x3D;8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss%7C'>Buy at Amazon.com </a> </strong> </p> <p> <strong> <a href='https://goto.walmart.com/c/249354/565706/9383?subId1&#x3D;8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss&amp;subId3&#x3D;&amp;u&#x3D;https%3A%2F%2Fwww.walmart.com%2Fip%2FZinus-4-Memory-Foam-Mattress-Topper-Green-Tea-Queen%2F951422455'>Buy at Walmart.com </a> </strong> </p> <h3>Why We Like It</h3><p>If you’re looking for <strong>an extra layer of sumptuous softness to transform the feel of an old mattress</strong>, this memory foam topper from Zinus could be it. Given its softness, we were also surprised by its support and found it <strong>relieved pressure points and evenly distributed weight for a sound night’s sleep</strong>. The extra layer dampened noise from the mattress, which limited partner disturbance while sharing the bed. Throughout testing, <strong>we stayed comfortably cool</strong> and enjoyed the supple support of the memory foam, which has continued to perform night after night.</p><h3>It’s Worth Noting </h3><p>During testing, when we tossed and turned on this topper it shifted a few inches over the edge of the mattress. The height of the foam meant we had to stretch our existing fitted sheets to their absolute limits to fit in place, so we’d recommend sheets with deep pockets. We also noticed some small tears in the surface of the foam, which didn’t affect the topper’s performance but may lead to durability issues through time. </p><h3>Product Details:</h3><ul><li><strong>Material: </strong>Cooling gel-infused memory foam</li><li><strong>Thickness: </strong>4 inches</li><li><strong>Care Instructions: </strong>Not listed</li></ul><h2>Mattress Toppers That Didn’t Make Our List</h2><ul><li><strong>Sleep On Latex Pure Green Natural Latex Mattress Topper:</strong> Though initially we were impressed with the comfort and support of this topper, it had a lingering odor that didn’t dissipate through time. It also felt hot to sleep on, and we experienced worsening night sweats during testing.</li><li><strong>Avocado Organic Latex Mattress Topper:</strong> During lab testing, this topper felt soft and supportive in all sleep positions. However, as we tossed and turned, it moved considerably. For the high-end price, we felt we’d probably investigate getting a new mattress instead.</li><li><strong>Lucid 4-Inch Down Alternative and Gel Memory Foam Mattress Topper: </strong>We found the upper layer&#39;s “give” superb for side sleeping. Though we didn’t notice much improvement in terms of sleep temperature or quality, it was comfortable in all sleep positions (at least initially). After months of use, however, we found the topper had stiffened significantly.</li></ul><h2>Our Testing Process</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/how-health-com-test-products-5224057" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Our testing process</a> involved a lab test component, followed by at-home testing for periods of two and six months. In all, we tested 29 products: 17 mattress toppers and 12 mattress pads. During the lab testing, our editors rated each product based on first impressions of comfort in various sleep positions, compression after movement, detectability of an acupressure mat beneath the topper, and temperature changes. We also recorded the presence of odors, noise emitted through movement, ease of fitting sheets, waterproofing (where applicable), and overall perceived value. The lab tests also allowed us to test comparable products under lab conditions.</p><p>During at-home testing, our editors evaluated each mattress topper after two and six months of use based on the following criteria:</p><ul><li><strong>Comfort and support</strong> in real-world sleep conditions and all sleep positions.</li><li><strong>Impact on sleep quality</strong> over time.</li><li><strong>Durability</strong>, wear and tear, and any reduction of performance through use.</li><li><strong>Cooling performance</strong>,<strong> </strong>when measured against manufacturer’s claims.</li><li><strong>Any improvements </strong>that could be made to the product.</li><li>And whether or not we would <strong>recommend each product </strong>based on the testing experience and retail price.</li></ul><h2>Our Experts </h2><p>Prior to and during testing, we spoke with several sleep and spinal experts to help us understand what to look for in a mattress topper, and to inform our test methodology. Experts we consulted include:</p><ul><li><strong>David Rubin</strong>, certified sleep science coach and product expert at TheSleepDoctor.com</li><li><a href="https://go.skimresources.com/?id=58287X1356702&url=https%3A%2F%2Fsleepopolis.com%2Fexperts%2Fdr-raj-dasgupta%2F&xcust=8653270%7C%7C%7C%7Crss" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1" rel="nofollow nocaes"><strong>Raj Dasgupta</strong></a>, MD, Chief Medical Advisor, Sleepopolis</li><li><strong>Rahul Shah</strong>, MD, a Board Certified Orthopedic Spine Surgeon</li></ul><h2>Types of Cooling Mattress Toppers</h2><p>As Dr. Dasgupta notes, when looking for a cooling mattress topper, it pays to keep it simple and practical with materials like gel-infused foam or latex, both of which are known for their breathability. And if allergies are a concern, look for <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/allergy/hypoallergenic-pillows" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">hypoallergenic options</a>.</p><ul><li><strong>Gel-infused memory foam:</strong> Rubin notes memory foam offers great contouring and the feeling of sinking into your mattress. But if you&#39;re an especially hot sleeper, you might want to avoid memory foam (unless it has specific cooling properties) since it can heat up as you sleep. </li><li><strong>Latex or open-cell foams:</strong> For <a href="https://www.health.com/best-firm-mattress-8380369" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">people who like things firm</a>, a layer of latex can offer superb contouring without the sinking feeling. Plus, the natural open-cell structure promotes airflow and even draws heat away from the body. </li><li><strong>Phase-change materials (PCMs):</strong> PCMs change state (from solid to liquid or vapor) due to temperature variations, essentially storing some of the heat generated by your body while you sleep. Though they have been shown to improve thermoregulation, evidence so far suggests the benefits can be short-lived.</li><li><strong>Breathable covers:</strong> Several toppers we tested come wrapped in (often machine-washable) covers made from cotton or perforated fabrics that help dissipate heat. The added benefit of a covered topper is that you don’t need to find and fit your own cover, and it can help eliminate foam shedding from the core of the product.</li></ul><h2>What to Know About Cooling Mattress Toppers</h2><ul><li><strong>Materials:</strong> The mattress toppers that topped our categories were all constructed from memory foam, albeit with different layering, perforations, and infusions, including gels and even green tea. David Rubin notes that selecting a new topper can be a good opportunity to try a different material you&#39;ve been considering (like latex), especially if your mattress isn&#39;t too old and in good shape. Just be sure to put a mattress protector over it since you can only spot-clean most toppers.</li><li><strong>Thickness:</strong> Consider your sleep position here. If you’re a stomach sleeper and prefer a firmer sleep surface, opt for thinner toppers with minimal sink. Side and combination sleepers often prefer more cushioning, so opt for the thicker end of the topper spectrum. David Rubin also recommends making sure you select a topper that will work with the pocket depth of your sheets, or you&#39;ll need to replace those as well. If your sheets can only accommodate 14 inches and your mattress is 12 inches tall, don&#39;t get a 3-inch topper. </li><li><strong>Easy to clean:</strong> While some of the toppers we tested have machine-washable covers, only one (the Amazon Basics Cooling Gel-Infused Mattress Topper) claims to be entirely washable. If spills and stains are an issue, especially for kids’ beds, look for waterproof options and/or wrap your topper in a waterproof cover to extend its lifespan.</li><li><strong>Trial Period and Warranty:</strong> Though new mattresses these days often come with 100-night or full-year trial periods, toppers don’t generally come with such generous terms. Same goes for warranties, so read the fine print before you buy. Of the range of products that topped our categories, the longest trial period on offer was 90 days.</li></ul><h2>Your Questions, Answered</h2><h3>What’s the difference between a mattress topper and a mattress pad?  </h3><p>As David Rubin notes, “A mattress pad (1–2 inches) is much thinner than a topper and will not dramatically change the feel of a mattress. A mattress pad will add a little extra comfort – or could have a cooling material – and can serve double duty as a mattress protector in some cases. A mattress topper (1–4 inches) is designed to change the feel of your mattress, and is available in a wider variety of materials and thicknesses.”</p><h3>Do cooling toppers really work? <span class="ql-cursor"></span></h3><p>As Dr. Dasgupta notes, “Cooling mattress toppers are great for people who get hot at night, have old mattresses, are pregnant, have health issues affecting their temperature regulation, or deal with allergies. Basically, if you’re struggling to stay cool while you sleep, one of these could really help you out.”</p><p>Dr. Shah recommends cooling mattress toppers for people looking to cool their evening sleeping environment without significantly changing <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/sleep/best-temperature-for-sleeping" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">the room&#39;s ambient temperature</a>. He cautions, however, that if you’re prone to significant night sweats, it’s important to check with a physician, as night sweats can signify other medical issues that may need more urgent attention.</p><h3>How long does a cooling mattress topper last? </h3><p>Short answer: three to five years, depending on how you maintain it. Longer answer: it depends on how often you use it, how often you move it, how heavy you are, and how well you maintain it. You’ll get the most use out of a mattress topper that’s added to a quality—not sagging or tired—mattress, as it’s not taking on so much of the work. Wash the cover regularly to eliminate dirt and bacteria, spot clean the core according to manufacturer guidelines, and you may be able to push your topper life through to your next mattress purchase.</p><h2>Who We Are</h2><p><a href="https://www.health.com/samson-mcdougall-7372448" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Samson McDougall </a>is a journalist, copywriter, editor and biology graduate. His work encompasses everything from web copy for science museums to sexual health articles for universities, info sheets for first-in-category pharmaceuticals to brand messaging for wearable touch therapy by neuroscientists. Samson is a walker, hiker, biker and surfer, and has multiple injuries to show for his active lifestyle. He is a side sleeper and has been prone to insomnia, but having children fixed that.</p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/best-cooling-mattress-toppers-8653270">Health.com</a>.</p><p><em>We independently evaluate all recommended products and services. If you click on links we provide, we may receive compensation.</em></p>
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  29. Hundreds of Coffee Products Recalled Over Fears of Deadly Toxin

    Fri, 21 Jun 2024 18:35:39 -0000

    <br/><br/><ul><li>The company Snapchill issued a voluntary recall of hundreds of its canned coffee products, according to the FDA.</li><li>Snapchill’s coffee-making process could lead to the growth of botulinum toxin, which can cause botulism, a rare and potentially fatal type of food poisoning.</li><li>The canned coffees were distributed nationwide and sold under various roaster and brand names.</li></ul><br/><br/> <p>Hundreds of canned coffee products made by Snapchill have been recalled over fears they could contain the botulinum toxin, which can cause the potentially lethal food poisoning <a href="https://www.health.com/botulism-overview-7547533" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">botulism</a>.</p><p>The Wisconsin-based company, which makes a variety of canned coffees, issued a voluntary recall on June 17 because its current coffee-making process could lead to the growth and production of botulinum toxin in low-acid canned food, according to an announcement from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span></p><p>Low-acid canned foods are particularly susceptible to supporting the botulinum toxin.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span> The FDA noted that the low-acid canned foods process the company uses was not filed with the agency, as regulations require.</p><p>“No illnesses have been reported, and Snapchill is not aware of any instances in which the company’s products contained this pathogen,” Snapchill told <em>Health </em>in a statement.<em> </em>“Nevertheless, Snapchill is voluntarily conducting this recall in cooperation with the FDA. At Snapchill, the safety and satisfaction of our customers are our highest priorities, and we are working swiftly to resolve the issue. We sincerely apologize for any inconvenience or concern this recall may cause.”</p><p>The canned coffees were distributed nationwide through a range of coffee roasters and retailers and could also be purchased on the company’s website, according to the FDA. The recalled products are sold under various roaster and brand names—meaning they aren’t all under the Snapchill name—in metal can sizes ranging from 7 ounces to 12 ounces.</p><p>The impacted cans contain the language “Produced and distributed by Snapchill LLC” underneath the nutrition facts label, and some have the text “Snapchill Coffee” on the label. The more than 200 impacted products and brands are detailed on the <a href="https://www.fda.gov/media/179493/download?attachment=" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1">FDA’s website</a>. They include Bolt Coffee, Euphoria Coffee, and Madcap Coffee, among many others.</p><figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/gWuENl-EEdhaFO4ioEH1gp9X9uA&#x3D;/fit-in/640x480/Health-GettyImages-1647552865-6f619430f51c4263894cb00fbced3953.jpg' alt='<p>Thanasis / Getty Images</p>' title='coffee beans'> <figcaption> <i><p>Thanasis / Getty Images</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><h2>What Is Botulism?</h2><p>Botulism is a rare and potentially fatal form of <a href="https://www.health.com/food-poisoning-overview-7368836" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">food poisoning</a>, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It’s caused by a toxin made by <em>Clostridium botulinum</em> and related bacteria. The toxin attacks the body’s nerves and causes a range of severe symptoms, including trouble breathing, muscle paralysis, and death.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>“There are spores found in the environment, but they can be inactivated by pasteurization,” <a href="https://medicine.buffalo.edu/faculty/profile.html?ubit=trusso" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1">Thomas Russo, MD,</a> a professor and chief of infectious disease at the University at Buffalo in New York, told <em>Health</em>. “If they’re not inactivated and end up in conditions where they can germinate, the spores can become an active toxin.”</p><p>If you drink or eat that toxin, you can end up getting sick, Russo added. Botulism is “a potentially lethal disease,” he said. “Obviously, if we can avoid that outcome, we want to do that.”</p><p>Symptoms of botulism can start anywhere from six hours to two weeks after consuming food that contains botulinum toxin, per the FDA.</p><p>If you have the impacted canned coffee at home, the FDA recommends either destroying it or getting a refund by returning it to Snapchill or wherever you purchased the coffee.</p><p></p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/snapchill-coffee-recalled-botulism-8667352">Health.com</a>.</p>
  30. Summer Warning: This Common Grilling Tool Poses Some Serious Health Risks

    Fri, 21 Jun 2024 18:00:00 -0000

    <strong>Fact checked by Nick Blackmer</strong><strong>Fact checked by Nick Blackmer</strong> <br/><br/><ul><li>A man from Wisconsin recently had a medical emergency after accidentally ingesting a bristle from a wire grill brush.</li><li>Swallowing a bristle lodged in your food can have serious health consequences, especially if the bristle punctures the intestinal lining.</li><li>Grilling experts recommend against using wire brushes to clean grills.</li></ul><br/><br/> <p>Barbecues may bring to mind fun in the sun, but your favorite summer pastime can also come with a dangerous side effect: wire grill brush bristles lodged inside your food.</p><p>In May, a Wisconsin man made <a href="https://www.fox6now.com/news/wisconsin-man-swallows-wire-grill-brush-bristle" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1">headlines</a> after revealing he had accidentally eaten a bristle from a wire grill brush that had become stuck to the grill grate and ended up in his <a href="https://www.health.com/nutrition/grass-fed-beef-tips" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">steak</a>. After developing stomach pain and a fever, Wayne Ramcheck went to the hospital, where doctors discovered a one-inch-long grill bristle that had pierced through the side of his <a href="https://www.health.com/small-intestine-7972562" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">intestine</a>. Ramcheck had to have the bristle surgically removed, and it took him seven weeks to recover.</p><p>He’s not alone: Every summer, stories surface of people who have medical emergencies after accidentally eating a wire grill brush bristle. A case report published by the American College of Surgeons (ACS) last year outlined the dangers associated with brill brushes, calling bristle ingestion a “public health problem.”<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><p>So, should you avoid using wire grill brushes or eating food from grills cleaned with them? Here’s what ER doctors and a grilling expert had to say.</p><figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/Yk3XwE9Lvsr24AfpQy9ir9hjV1Y&#x3D;/fit-in/640x480/Health-GettyImages-1648941041-eaa1cd5bf3bb4ea395c92bcf52b9c87f.jpg' alt='<p>Anchiy / Getty Images</p>' title='Close-up picture of a barbecue and some vegetables'> <figcaption> <i><p>Anchiy / Getty Images</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><h2>How Common Are Grill Brush Injuries?</h2><p>It’s hard to know how many people have been injured by wire grill brushes, but one study estimated that it sends more than 130 people to the <a href="https://www.health.com/mind-body/hospital-diversion" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">emergency room</a> each year. In other words, it’s pretty rare—but it happens enough.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>“I have not seen this, but I have colleagues who have,” <a href="https://www.providence.org/locations/saint-johns-health-center/weingart-foundation-emergency-department" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1">Ali Jamehdor, DO</a>, an emergency medicine physician and medical director of the Weingart Foundation Emergency Department at Providence Saint John’s Health Center in Santa Monica, CA, told <em>Health</em>.<br/></p><h2>What Can Happen If You Swallow a Bristle?</h2><p>Wire grill brushes usually injure people after the bristles accidentally end up on the grill. “Any time you brush the grill with metal, a piece of it can end up on the grill,” Jamehdor said. “If you place a piece of meat on top of that spot, the wire bristle can become embedded in your food.”</p><p>These bristles are usually tiny, making it less likely that you’ll notice if you swallow one, <a href="https://wexnermedical.osu.edu/find-a-doctor/eric-adkins-md-29826" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1">Eric Adkins, MD</a>, an emergency medicine physician at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, told <em>Health</em>.</p><p>Once you eat a bristle, it can end up lodged in any part of your digestive tract. According to the ACS report, the most common injuries resulting from wire brush bristle ingestion involve the oral cavity (inside of the mouth) and oropharynx, which is the middle part of the throat, behind the mouth. But more severe injuries like intestinal perforations can also happen.</p><p>“If the bristle pierces through the intestinal lining and is able to get through the other side of the intestine, you’ve created a small opening for the <a href="https://www.health.com/bacterial-infection-8421214" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">bacteria</a> and contents in your gut to seep out,” Adkins said. That can lead to a life-threatening infection called peritonitis.</p><p>This is an emergency situation that “definitely needs surgery,” Jamehdor said. “It’s a horrible injury.”</p><p>“If care is delayed, it can be catastrophic,” added Adkins.</p><h2>Is It Better to Avoid Cleaning Your Grill?</h2><p>Not cleaning your grill after using it isn’t the answer. In fact, Paul Sidoriak, founder of the grilling recipes and guides website <a href="https://grillingmontana.com/" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1">Grilling Montana</a>, told <em>Health </em>that you should clean your grill before every use. The reason? Safety. </p><p>“We <a href="https://www.health.com/household-items-to-clean-after-illness-7975728" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">wash</a> our pots and pans after every use so that leftover foods don’t make us sick, and the same cleaning standards should be met for your grill,” he said. Leftover food, oils, and partially incinerated bits that cling to the grill “will quickly become rancid,” Sidoriak said.</p><h2>How Can You Safely Clean Your Grill?</h2><p>Jamehdor suggests using grill wipes or investing in a grill brush that doesn’t contain bristles to clean your grill. “They have ones that have a sponge or towelette material that can be rubbed over the grill,” he said. “There are no metallic parts or pieces.”</p><p>Ceramic stones and burlap cloths may also be helpful, especially if you use them when you’re done cooking and the grill is still warm, Adkins said.</p><p>If a wire grill brush is all you have, Sidoriak recommends trying this hack: Clean the grill with your wire brush, then make a ball of aluminum foil about the size of your fist and use that to make a second pass over your grill’s grates. ”Pay close attention to any stuck-on food or uneven grill grate surfaces,” he said. “If a wire brush is likely to lose a bristle, that’s where it will happen.”</p><p>This second pass over your grates with the ball of foil “should be enough to release just about anything stuck to it,” Sidoriak said. It’s also a good idea to closely inspect your grill for wire bristles before using it, according to Adkins.</p><p>Still, Adkins recommends cleaning your grill with non-metal methods if you can. “There are alternatives to a wire brush if you’re looking for maximum safety,” he said.</p><p></p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/wire-grill-brush-bristles-injuries-8659420">Health.com</a>.</p>
  31. What to Know if You Get a Yellow Jacket Sting

    Fri, 21 Jun 2024 17:00:00 -0000

    <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/OBHCjSmK3OQoCPaOrkKLLD4utHc&#x3D;/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc():format(jpeg)/Health-GettyImages-1481737915-06af299aa5264be9a7016ec697ece9a4.jpg' alt='<p>Nastasic / Getty Images</p>' title='Person getting bitten by yellow jacket on hike'> <figcaption> <i><p>Nastasic / Getty Images</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><p>Yellow jackets are social wasps with distinctive black and yellow markings.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span> These insects are known for their aggression when threatened, making them a common cause of summertime insect stings. They use their stingers to inject venom into the skin, typically to defend their nest or search for food.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span> </p><p>Yellow jacket stings are common and the leading cause of wasp stings in the United States. Most stings occur in the warmer summer months.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>Common symptoms of a yellow jacket sting include pain, redness, and swelling at the sting site. Some people develop a life-threatening allergic reaction, known as anaphylaxis, to yellow jacket venom and require immediate medical attention.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span> </p><h2>Symptoms </h2><p>When a yellow jacket stings you, it inserts venom into your body through its stinger. Reactions to this venom vary from person to person. For most people, yellow jacket stings cause a localized reaction at the sting site, meaning symptoms are confined to the area where you were stung.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span> </p><p>Common symptoms of a yellow jacket sting include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Pain:</strong> The initial sting may feel sharp and painful or like a burning sensation. </li><li><strong><a href="https://www.health.com/swelling-7479960" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Swelling</a>:</strong> The area around the sting may become red and swollen. In some cases, the swelling may spread. For example, if you get stung on your forearm, your entire arm may swell. Swelling typically subsides within hours or days. </li><li><strong><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/hepatitis-c/itchy-skin-causes" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Itching</a>: </strong>Once the pain subsides, the sting site may become intensely itchy. The itching can be bothersome and may last for days after the sting.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span></li></ul><h3>Allergic Reaction Symptoms </h3><p>Some people are allergic to yellow jacket stings. Allergic reactions can vary in severity, cause systemic (bodywide) symptoms, and can quickly become life-threatening (anaphylaxis). Allergic reaction symptoms from a yellow jacket sting can include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span></p><ul><li>Skin rashes or hives (red, itchy bumps or welts that may be widespread on the skin)</li><li>Facial swelling, including the lips, tongue, eyes, and throat</li><li>Chest tightness </li><li>Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath</li><li><a href="https://www.health.com/conditon/lung-conditions/wheezing" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Wheezing</a> (whistling sound during breathing) </li><li>Abdominal pain</li><li>Nausea or vomiting </li><li>Diarrhea </li><li>Dizziness</li><li>Rapid heart rate</li><li>Slurred speech </li></ul><p>Seek immediate medical attention if you or someone you know develops symptoms of an allergic reaction after a yellow jacket sting. <a href="https://www.health.com/anaphylaxis-7497361" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Anaphylaxis</a> can quickly develop into anaphylactic shock.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span></p><p><a href="https://www.health.com/anaphylactic-shock-8402625" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Anaphylactic shock</a> can cause a sudden drop in blood pressure and loss of consciousness and lead to respiratory or cardiac arrest (no breathing or heartbeat) and death.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="9"></span></p><h3>Serum Sickness (Delayed Reaction) Symptoms</h3><p>Most reactions occur immediately after a sting, but some people may experience a delayed reaction known as serum sickness. This can occur hours or days after the sting and cause flu-like symptoms such as:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span> </p><ul><li><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/infectious-diseases/coronavirus/what-temperature-is-considered-a-fever-in-adults" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Fever</a></li><li>Joint pain </li><li>Hives</li><li>Fatigue </li></ul><h2>What Causes Yellow Jacket Stings and Allergic Reactions? </h2><p>Yellow jackets are most likely to sting if they feel threatened or their nest is disturbed. They may also sting in competition for food and are often attracted to outdoor picnics in search of meats, fruits, and sweet liquids like sodas.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="10"></span> </p><p>When a yellow jacket stings, it injects venom through a stinger at the tip of its abdomen. This venom contains proteins that trigger a localized reaction at the sting site. Unlike bees, which lose their stingers after stinging, yellow jackets can sting multiple times.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><p>The reaction to a yellow jacket sting occurs when the body&#39;s immune system overreacts to the proteins in the venom.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="11"></span> Usually, this reaction is mild and localized. However, in some people, the immune system overreacts to the venom, leading to a more severe allergic reaction.</p><h3>Risk Factors for Allergic Reactions</h3><p>Some people are more likely to experience allergic reactions to a yellow jacket sting. Certain factors can increase your risk of allergic reactions, including:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="13"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="12"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Age: </strong>Older adults are more likely to have severe allergic reactions to insect stings.</li><li><strong>Sex:</strong> Males and people assigned male at birth (AMAB) have higher rates of severe allergic reactions and anaphylaxis in response to insect stings.</li><li><strong>Allergies:</strong> A previous allergic reaction to an insect sting, especially a <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/skin-conditions/wasp-sting" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">wasp sting</a>, increases the risk of anaphylaxis. </li><li><strong>Multiple stings: </strong>Getting stung multiple times by a yellow jacket or swarm of yellow jackets increases the risk of a severe reaction. People with a recent sting followed by another also have a higher risk.</li><li><strong>Absence of skin symptoms:</strong> People who do not develop skin-related symptoms, such as swelling or itching, in response to insect stings are more likely to develop more severe, systemic symptoms.</li></ul><h2>Diagnosis</h2><p>In most cases, diagnosing a yellow jacket sting is straightforward. Healthcare providers can typically determine whether you are allergic to a sting based on your symptoms and by examining the sting site for swelling, redness, and warmth.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="14"></span> </p><p>If you are unsure what type of insect stung you, your healthcare provider may order a blood test to diagnose a yellow jacket venom allergy. This involves taking a blood sample and sending it to the lab to check for the presence of immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies the body produces in response to yellow jacket stings in people with venom allergies.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span> </p><p>If you have a history of severe allergic reactions or experience concerning symptoms after a sting, your healthcare provider may recommend further testing to assess your allergy risk. This could involve skin prick tests or further blood testing to identify specific insect venoms you are allergic to.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span></p><h2>Yellow Jacket Sting Treatment  </h2><p>Treatment for a yellow jacket sting varies, depending on the severity of the reaction. In most cases, treatment focuses on reducing pain and swelling. In the case of a severe allergic reaction, treatment focuses on controlling symptoms to prevent life-threatening complications.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="16"></span> </p><h3>Basic First Aid</h3><p>Basic <a href="https://www.health.com/home/best-first-aid-kits" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">first aid</a> is sufficient for treating most yellow jacket stings. After a sting, you should:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="16"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span></p><ul><li>Wash the sting site and surrounding area with soap and water</li><li>Place a cloth-covered ice pack on the sting site for 10 minutes to reduce pain and swelling, remove it for 10 minutes, and repeat if necessary</li><li>Take an over-the-counter (OTC) <a href="https://www.health.com/nsaids-7814406" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) medication</a>, such as Advil (ibuprofen) to help reduce pain </li><li>Apply topical creams or lotions to the sting site, such as Afterbite with Antihistamine or Benadryl Itch Stopping Gel (diphenhydramine) to relieve itching<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="17"></span></li><li>Watch for signs of <a href="https://www.health.com/skin-infections-7968751" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">infection</a>, such as increasing or spreading redness, swelling, or pain over the next few days</li></ul><h3>Treatment for Allergic Reactions</h3><p>When a yellow jacket sting causes anaphylaxis, use an EpiPen (if available) immediately. An EpiPen is an auto-injector that delivers a dose of epinephrine, a medication that can rapidly reverse symptoms of a severe allergic reaction. Call 911 or visit the nearest emergency room, even if symptoms improve after using an EpiPen.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span></p><p>Do not wait for symptoms to worsen before seeking medical attention. While waiting for medical help, you can:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span> </p><ul><li>Keep the affected area still to prevent the venom from spreading</li><li>Loosen clothing and remove jewelry </li><li>Administer Benadryl (diphenhydramine) by mouth if possible </li></ul><p>Once you arrive at the emergency room, healthcare providers will determine the most appropriate treatment based on the severity of the allergic reaction. This may include: </p><ul><li><strong>Medications: </strong><a href="https://www.health.com/antihistamines-8384188" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Antihistamines</a> and H2 blockers, such as diphenhydramine and cimetidine, can help control allergic reaction symptoms. Inhaled bronchodilators, like albuterol, can help open the airways and improve breathing.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="16"></span> </li><li><strong>Intravenous (IV) fluids:</strong> Administering fluids through a vein can help maintain hydration and improve blood pressure.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="19"></span></li><li><strong>Supplemental oxygen:</strong> Oxygen therapy can help people improve breathing when shortness of breath or difficulty breathing occurs after a yellow jacket sting.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span></li></ul><h2>How To Prevent Yellow Jacket Stings </h2><p>While it&#39;s not always possible to avoid a yellow jacket sting, you can lower your risk of being stung. Here&#39;s how:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="20"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="10"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="21"></span></p><ul><li>Wear light-colored clothing and avoid brightly colored or floral-patterned shirts</li><li>Avoid wearing perfumes and using fruit-scented personal care products like shampoos or body washes</li><li>Stay still if you see a yellow jacket, as sudden movements or swatting can aggravate it</li><li>Avoid eating foods outdoors that attract yellow jackets, including meats, fruits, and sweetened drinks like sodas</li><li>Stay alert for yellow jacket nests, particularly near areas like eaves, attacks, hollow logs and tree stumps, and cement slabs or cracks </li><li>Avoid garbage cans, recycling bins, and dumpsters where yellow jackets may be foraging for food sources</li></ul><h2>Complications </h2><p>While most yellow jacket stings cause only mild, localized reactions, there are potential complications. These include:</p><ul><li><strong>Anaphylaxis (severe allergic reaction):</strong> People with allergies to insect venom can develop a severe reaction that can cause difficulty breathing, facial swelling, nausea and vomiting, and increasingly severe symptoms that can become life-threatening.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="9"></span></li><li><strong>Infection:</strong> Scratching the sting site can break open your skin and increase the risk of a bacterial infection. Watch for symptoms such as increased redness, swelling, and fever.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span></li><li><strong>Serum sickness:</strong> A rare complication that can occur days after a yellow jacket sting, causing flu-like symptoms.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span> </li></ul><h2>A Quick Review</h2><p>Yellow jacket stings are a common summertime occurrence. When a yellow jacket stings you, the stinger injects venom, causing pain, swelling, and itching at the sting site. Fortunately, most reactions are mild and treatable with home remedies like ice therapy, OTC topical anti-itch creams, and pain relievers.</p><p>People who experience multiple stings or have an allergy to yellow jacket venom can develop an allergic reaction in response to a sting, developing symptoms like hives, difficulty breathing, facial swelling, nausea, and vomiting.</p><p>Seek immediate medical attention if you experience any allergic reaction symptoms, no matter how mild they seem. Symptoms can rapidly worsen and quickly become life-threatening without treatment.</p><h3>Frequently Asked Questions</h3> <p> <strong>What should you do if you get stung by a yellow jacket?</strong> </p> <p> <p>If you get stung by a yellow jacket, immediately clean the sting site with soap and water. Apply ice to reduce swelling and pain.</p><p>If you experience signs of an allergic reaction, such as difficulty breathing or swelling beyond the sting site, use an EpiPen (if available) and seek immediate medical attention.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span><br/></p> </p> <p> <strong>How poisonous is a yellow jacket sting?</strong> </p> <p> <p>A yellow jacket sting contains venom that causes pain, swelling, and redness at the sting site. For most people, the venom causes mild reactions like pain and itching.</p><p>People with allergies to wasp venom or those who experience multiple stings at once can experience a severe, potentially life-threatening reaction to the venom and require immediate medical treatment.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span><br/></p> </p> <p> <strong>How many times can a yellow jacket sting you?</strong> </p> <p> <p>A yellow jacket can sting multiple times because, unlike bees, its stinger does not have barbs and does not detach after stinging. Yellow jackets can sting repeatedly when they feel threatened. Aggravating a yellow jacket can result in multiple stings, or disturbing a nest can lead to numerous stings from a swarm of yellow jackets.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="10"></span><br/></p> </p> <p></p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/yellow-jacket-sting-8663024">Health.com</a>.</p>
  32. New Study Links Tattoos With Increased Risk of Blood Cancer—Here’s What to Know

    Fri, 21 Jun 2024 16:00:00 -0000

    <strong>Fact checked by Nick Blackmer</strong><strong>Fact checked by Nick Blackmer</strong> <br/><br/><ul><li>A new study out of Sweden found that having a tattoo was linked to a 21% increased risk of lymphoma.</li><li>The size of a tattoo didn’t factor into a person’s chances of developing lymphoma.</li><li>Experts uninvolved in the study said more research is necessary to understand how tattoo ink might influence cancer risk.</li></ul><br/><br/> <p>A new study suggests a link between tattoos and an increased risk of developing malignant <a href="https://www.health.com/lymphoma-overview-7110057" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">lymphoma</a>, a blood cancer that affects the lymphatic system.</p><p>The claim comes from research published in May in the journal <em>eClinicalMedicine</em>, which found that having a tattoo was associated with 21% higher odds of a lymphoma diagnosis.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span></p><p>Tattoos have grown in popularity in recent years—in the United States, 23% of people said they had a tattoo in 2010, compared to 32% in 2023—and researchers have become increasingly interested in investigating how they affect the body.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>“The study suggests that tattoos may be a risk factor for malignant lymphoma that is actionable from a public health perspective,” the authors concluded.</p><p>The study only established a correlation and doesn’t assert that tattoos <em>cause</em> lymphoma. Still, some experts uninvolved in the study cautioned against making too much of the results.</p><p>Here’s what you need to know about the potential link between <a href="https://www.health.com/tattoo-healing-7563417" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">tattoos</a> and cancer. </p><figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/PofE5HKShnEUoJQeN3xGLjnn_2E&#x3D;/fit-in/640x480/Health-GettyImages-688033950-15b1c497a2fe45968d6f7ba8a6fff15e.jpg' alt='<p>YakobchukOlena / Getty Images</p>' title='Close up of a tattoo. '> <figcaption> <i><p>YakobchukOlena / Getty Images</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><h2>A Closer Look at the Study</h2><p>Some previous evidence has suggested a loose connection between tattoos and cancer.</p><p>For example, the International Agency for Research on Cancer has classified some chemicals found in tattoo ink, such as primary aromatic amines, as carcinogenic or potentially carcinogenic, though mostly only when ingested, inhaled, or applied on top of the skin.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span> </p><p>Studies have also shown that pigment from tattoos ends up being filtered by and stored in the <a href="https://www.health.com/swollen-lymph-nodes-in-armpit-8638454" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">lymph nodes</a>, where some lymphoma cases begin.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><p>It’s against this backdrop that Nielsen and her colleagues sought to understand more about the long-term effects of tattoo ink.</p><p>They used the Swedish National Cancer Register, a national health database, to identify every case of malignant lymphoma diagnosed in about 12,000 people aged 20 to 60 between 2007 and 2017. Then, they compared the data to answers from a questionnaire they distributed in 2021, which asked people if they had <a href="https://www.health.com/infected-tattoo-7570345" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">tattoos</a> and, if so, how many and how large an area the ink covered. </p><p>In total, about 20% of people had tattoos. Researchers discovered that having a tattoo was associated with about 21% increased odds of lymphoma, with the size of the tattoo having no influence on a person’s risk.</p><p>Lymphoma was highest in people who had gotten a tattoo less than two years before their diagnosis. That risk decreased until 11 years between tattooing and diagnosis, when it rose again.</p><p>Lymphoma affects the part of the body that helps your immune system fight off infections. There are <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/blood-cancer/hodgkin-lymphoma-vs-non-hodgkin-lymphoma" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">two types</a>: non-Hodgkin lymphoma, which accounts for about 4% of cancer diagnoses in the U.S., and Hodgkin lymphoma, which is even more uncommon.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="9"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><p>“It is important to keep in mind that lymphoma is a very rare disease,” the study’s lead author, <a href="https://portal.research.lu.se/en/persons/christel-nielsen" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1" rel="nofollow">Christel Nielsen, PhD</a>, associate professor in the division of occupational and environmental medicine at Lund University in Sweden, told <em>Health</em>. “The increase relates to a baseline risk that is very low.”</p><h2>What Do Doctors Think?</h2><p>There&#39;s no reason to panic if you have a tattoo or are considering getting one, said experts interviewed.</p><p>Some environmental factors do indeed raise the chances of cancer. In the case of lymphoma, a weakened immune system and exposure to chemicals such as benzene and some herbicides are known risk factors.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span> </p><p>However, <a href="https://www.kumc.edu/mhoffmann.html" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1">Marc Hoffmann, MD</a>, director of the lymphoma program in the division of hematologic malignancies and cellular therapeutics at the University of Kansas Cancer Center, told <em>Health</em> that you need significant evidentiary support to determine that a particular environmental exposure triggers cancerous cells.</p><p>The links between cancer and <a href="https://www.health.com/lung-cancer-causes-6890009" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">smoking</a> or nuclear radiation exposure, for example, “are dramatic and undeniable,” he said. But that clear connection has not been established for tattoos, he added. </p><p>In fact, two previous studies that investigated whether there&#39;s a link between tattoos and lymphoma didn’t find one.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span> </p><p><a href="https://nyulangone.org/doctors/1982864039/catherine-s-diefenbach" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1">Catherine Diefenbach, MD</a>, a hematologist–oncologist at NYU Langone in New York, told <em>Health </em>that she’s even skeptical about the most recent study&#39;s conclusions.</p><p>The finding that there was a heightened risk of lymphoma within two years of getting a tattoo and then again after 11 years doesn&#39;t add up, she said.</p><p>“The other thing that doesn’t make sense is if this is a toxin that gets put into the body through ink, there isn’t an association between the size of the tattoo and cancer risk,” she said. The &#34;study does raise questions, but the majority of patients with tattoos don’t develop lymphoma.”<br/></p><p></p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/study-tattoos-linked-lymphoma-8658928">Health.com</a>.</p>
  33. How a microbe and a prebiotic work together against food allergies - Medical Xpress

    Fri, 21 Jun 2024 13:29:04 -0000

  34. Weight loss surgery cuts risk of heart complications and death in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and obesity - Medical Xpress

    Fri, 21 Jun 2024 13:00:01 -0000

  35. Claustrophobia

    Fri, 21 Jun 2024 12:00:00 -0000

    <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/6JK-GhX6XDMDZQMQf3uU65X5xvQ&#x3D;/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc():format(jpeg)/Health-GettyImages-1608582806-848f9e4d864645c997b4fea4afb0c941.jpg' alt='<p>Igor Alecsander / Getty Images </p>' title='Person with claustrophobia standing in front of closed elevator, looking up'> <figcaption> <i><p>Igor Alecsander / Getty Images </p></i> </figcaption> </figure><strong>Medically reviewed by Kira Graves, PhD</strong><strong>Medically reviewed by Kira Graves, PhD</strong><p>Claustrophobia is a fear of enclosed spaces like cars, elevators, closets, airplanes, and tunnels. People with claustrophobia tend to go out of their way to avoid situations where they will be in enclosed spaces. When they find themselves in enclosed spaces, they experience symptoms of panic.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span></p><p>Claustrophobia is a type of anxiety disorder called a <a href="https://www.health.com/phobias-7487054" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">specific phobia</a>. It affects about 12.5% of the population.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span> Many people have claustrophobia their entire lives, but treatment—often therapy—can help manage symptoms and improve overall quality of life.</p><h2>Claustrophobia Symptoms</h2><p>Claustrophobia is when you experience phobias of closed spaces. Types of closed spaces that people with claustrophobia fear include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><ul><li>Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines</li><li>Trains</li><li>Airplanes</li><li>Cars</li><li>Closets</li><li>Elevators</li><li>Tunnels</li><li>Crawl spaces</li><li>Small attics</li><li>Any small, cramped room or space</li></ul><p>People with claustrophobia aren’t just afraid when they are in enclosed spaces. Simply thinking about them can cause feelings of dread and fear.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>People with claustrophobia will usually go to great lengths to avoid closed spaces. They may have a general fear of closed spaces but also fears about what could possibly happen in these spaces, including the idea that they could become trapped in an enclosed space.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>These feelings of fear and <a href="https://www.health.com/panic-attacks-7377182" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">panic</a> often increase once the person is in an enclosed space. They may complain of feeling suffocated or unable to breathe. They may fear not getting enough oxygen in the small space, which may increase the feeling of having trouble breathing. Shortness of breath may also be linked to <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/anxiety/panic-attack-symptoms" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">symptoms of panic</a> often triggered by being in a confined space.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="9"></span></p><p>Everyone is different in terms of the symptoms they experience. Possible symptoms include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><ul><li>Rapid heartbeat</li><li>Dizziness</li><li>Difficulty breathing</li><li>Shallow breathing</li><li>Chills or hot flashes</li><li>Dry mouth</li><li>Headaches</li><li>Nausea</li><li>Digestive upset</li><li>Nausea</li><li>Disorientation and confusion</li></ul><h2>What Causes Claustrophobia?</h2><p>Researchers aren’t sure exactly what causes a person to develop claustrophobia. Like other anxiety disorders, it’s likely that the cause is multifactorial, meaning that several factors together cause the condition to develop. These may include psychological, environmental, social, and biological factors.</p><p>Parenting or caregiving techniques might play a role. For example:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span></p><ul><li>Having an overly protective or excessively critical caregiver may increase the likelihood that you develop a specific phobia like claustrophobia.</li><li>Growing up with a caregiver who has anxiety also increases your chances of having it.</li><li>The idea of “modeling” may come into play. If your caregiver reacts to <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/stress/what-causes-stress" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">stressors</a> in anxious or phobic ways, you may internalize this and react similarly.</li></ul><p>Although the research is new, there are some indicators that genetics may be involved in the development of phobias, specifically claustrophobia. One study found that mutations in a specific gene—the human GPM6A gene—may contribute to claustrophobia. However, more research needs to be done to prove this link definitively.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><h2>Diagnosis</h2><p>If you experience symptoms of claustrophobia, start by visiting your primary care provider (PCP). They may want to rule out any medical conditions causing your symptoms. For example, conditions like thyroid disorders, <a href="https://www.health.com/asthma-overview-7152430" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">asthma</a>, heart conditions, and diabetes may be mistaken for signs of anxiety and panic.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>If your provider believes that your symptoms are likely psychological in nature, they will likely refer you to a psychologist or psychiatrist. Usually, a mental health professional can diagnose you with claustrophobia based on your symptoms alone. They will likely ask you questions like:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><ul><li>Can you describe your symptoms in detail?</li><li>What does your fear of enclosed spaces feel like?</li><li>How often do you experience this fear?</li><li>What happens when you are in a small space?</li><li>Does your fear of enclosed spaces affect your day-to-day functioning?</li></ul><h2>Claustrophobia Treatment</h2><p>For many people, claustrophobia tends to be a chronic (long-term) condition, meaning that they experience it in some form or other throughout their lifetime. However, that doesn’t mean it can be managed.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>The main way that claustrophobia is managed is through therapy. The two most commonly used forms of therapy used to treat claustrophobia are cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and exposure therapy.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><ul><li>In CBT, you learn to recognize your negative or scary thoughts and then learn techniques to manage these thoughts.</li><li>In exposure therapy, you are exposed to the thing you fear—in this case, an enclosed area—within the safe space of the therapy environment.</li></ul><p>One promising type of exposure therapy for claustrophobia is virtual reality technology (VR). VR simulates being in an enclosed space, and the person is gradually introduced to the claustrophobia trigger.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span> VR scenarios may include elevators and MRI machines. It&#39;s unclear how effective this technique is. Research suggests that VR for claustrophobia can help on a long-term basis in about 40% of cases.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>Therapy might be combined with psychiatric medication. Medications commonly used include:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><ul><li><strong>Benzodiazepines: </strong>Medications that slow the nervous system and have a sedative (relaxing) effect, used to treat conditions like anxiety and insomnia</li><li><strong>Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs):</strong> Antidepressant medications that increase levels of the hormone serotonin in the brain (which helps regulate mood)</li><li><strong>Oral <a href="https://www.health.com/corticosteroids-7969937" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">hydrocortisone</a>:</strong> Calms the body&#39;s immune response</li></ul><h2>Prevention</h2><p>Most people with claustrophobia will experience the disorder throughout their lifetimes and may also develop other specific phobias or anxiety disorders. However, claustrophobia can be managed.</p><p>Seeking an experienced therapist and looking into combining medication with therapy can decrease the intensity of your claustrophobic episodes and may decrease how often you experience claustrophobia.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>Lifestyle modifications and healthy daily habits can also help you manage your claustrophobia. This may include the following:</p><ul><li>Prioritize getting enough sleep each night</li><li>Focus on a nutrient-rich diet</li><li>Add in movement and exercise throughout your day</li></ul><p>Mindfulness and meditation can also be helpful for claustrophobia. One study found that mindfulness respiratory decompression therapy (a <a href="https://www.health.com/benefits-of-mindfulness-7480142" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">mindfulness</a> program used in clinical settings) effectively helped people who experienced claustrophobia associated with MRI machines.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span></p><h2>Related Conditions</h2><p>People with claustrophobia have an 83% chance of having other specific phobias or developing them later in life. On its own, claustrophobia doesn’t usually lead to suicide ideas or self-harm. However, having claustrophobia along with <a href="https://www.health.com/depressive-disorder-overview-7100645" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">depression</a>, anxiety, or other mental health conditions increases your risk of suicidal ideation.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>Claustrophobia can also restrict your life, as you might avoid situations where you will have to be in an enclosed space.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p> <br/><br/><h3> Looking for Support?</h3><p>If you are experiencing a crisis, or know someone who is, call or text the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 988 for free and confidential support 24/7. You can also visit <a href="http://speakingofsuicide.com/resources" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1" rel="nofollow">SpeakingOfSuicide.com/resources</a> for a list of additional resources or call the number below to reach the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) hotline.</p><br/><br/> <h2>Living With Claustrophobia</h2><p>Although most people deal with claustrophobia chronically, it doesn’t mean that the condition has to have a hold over your life. Over 12% of the population has claustrophobia, and most people can manage it with healthy lifestyle choices, therapy, and medication.</p><p>With treatment and self-care, you can decrease the intensity of your claustrophobic symptoms, have fewer episodes of claustrophobia, and live a full and meaningful life.</p><h3>Frequently Asked Questions</h3> <p> <strong>What&#39;s the difference between claustrophobia and cleithrophobia?</strong> </p> <p> <p>Both claustrophobia and cleithrophobia involve the fear of being inside a small space. With claustrophobia, you are afraid of the small space itself. With cleithrophobia, you are only afraid of being trapped in the space. People with cleithrophobia can be comfortable in small, enclosed spaces as long as they know there is a way to escape.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p> </p> <p> <strong>Is claustrophobia a type of OCD?</strong> </p> <p> <p>While both claustrophobia and <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/ocd/15-things-people-with-ocd-want-you-to-know" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">obsessive-compulsive disorder</a> (OCD) are types of anxiety, claustrophobia is not OCD. Unlike OCD, claustrophobia is a type of specific phobia.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span></p> </p> <p> <strong>Does claustrophobia ever go away?</strong> </p> <p> <p>While some people will have long periods of time where they don’t experience claustrophobia or where claustrophobia is much less severe, it’s considered to be a chronic condition.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p> </p> <p></p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/claustrophobia-8661421">Health.com</a>.</p>
  36. What Is the Difference Between Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)? 

    Fri, 21 Jun 2024 09:00:00 -0000

    <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/l8pisTb-WaoTdftzqv-y8OYXCzU&#x3D;/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc():format(jpeg)/Health-GettyImages-1633619501-585f7d8096bd4400a55c8f6564020e79.jpg' alt='<p>urbazon / Getty Images</p>' title='A woman lies on her couch while holding her stomach in pain'> <figcaption> <i><p>urbazon / Getty Images</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><strong>Reviewed by Ivy Kwong, LMFT</strong><strong>Reviewed by Ivy Kwong, LMFT</strong><p>Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are two chronic gastrointestinal disorders that share some overlapping symptoms, like abdominal pain, bloating, and diarrhea.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span> </p><p>While IBS and IBD have similar symptoms and acronyms, they are two distinct conditions with different underlying causes and treatment approaches. <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/ibs-overview" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">IBS</a> is a functional disorder, meaning it affects how the intestines work but doesn&#39;t cause inflammation. <a href="https://www.health.com/inflammatory-bowel-disease-8563957" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">IBD</a> is an inflammatory disease that damages the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span> </p><p>In the United States, IBS affects between 25-45 million people, and IBD affects more than 3 million people.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span></p><h2>Symptoms of IBS vs. IBD</h2><p>Both IBS and IBD affect the GI tract and cause uncomfortable symptoms and changes in bowel habits that can disrupt daily life. People with either condition may experience <a href="https://www.health.com/abdominal-pain-7495814" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">abdominal pain</a>, cramping, and diarrhea. It&#39;s common for symptoms to come and go in both IBS and IBD, with periods when symptoms go away (remission) before they return (flare-ups).<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><p>While it&#39;s common to get the two confused, IBS and IBD affect the GI tract in different ways, and each causes distinctive symptoms that can range from mild to severe.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span></p><table> <tr> <td>  <b>IBS Symptoms</b> </td> <td> <b>IBD Symptoms</b> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Abdominal pain and cramping </td> <td> Abdominal pain and cramping </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Gas </td> <td> Frequent diarrhea (may be bloody) </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Bloating </td> <td> Loss of appetite </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Diarrhea </td> <td> Rectal bleeding  </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Constipation </td> <td> Joint pain </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Tenesmus (feeling of incomplete bowel movements) </td> <td> Skin rashes </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Mucus in stool </td> <td> Unintentional weight loss </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Feeling uncomfortably full after eating </td> <td> Fever </td> </tr> </table><h2>Differences</h2><p>Recognizing the differences in irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease is essential for accurate diagnosis and effective treatment.</p><h3>IBD Is an Inflammatory Disease</h3><p>IBD is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the GI tract. Over time, inflammation damages the intestines. IBD includes <a href="https://www.health.com/ulcerative-colitis-8583994" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">ulcerative colitis</a> and <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/crohns-disease-overview" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Crohn&#39;s disease</a>, both of which can lead to complications, such as bowel obstruction, ulcers (open sores) in the intestines, infection, and malnutrition. Inflammation associated with IBD also increases the risk of colon cancer.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span> </p><p>IBS is a functional GI condition that causes problems with the digestive system&#39;s function but is not associated with inflammation and does not cause visible damage to the GI tract.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span> </p><h3>Healthcare Providers Use Different Diagnostic Processes</h3><p>There is no specific test to diagnose IBS, so healthcare providers typically diagnose it based on symptoms and a detailed medical history review.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span> To receive an IBS diagnosis, you must have <a href="https://www.health.com/irritable-bowel-syndrome-symptoms-7197855" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">IBS symptoms</a> for at least six months and abdominal pain associated with bowel movements at least one day a week, along with changes in the frequency or appearance of your bowel movements.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="9"></span></p><p>To diagnose IBD, healthcare providers use diagnostic tests, such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans or <a href="https://www.health.com/colonoscopy-7254954" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">colonoscopy</a>, to identify inflammation in the GI tract and confirm the type of IBD you have (such as <a href="https://www.health.com/crohns-disease-vs-ulcerative-colitis-8405457" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Crohn&#39;s disease or ulcerative colitis</a>). Blood and stool tests can also help check for inflammation markers in the blood or stool of people with IBD.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span> </p><h3>People With IBD Have More Chronic Diseases</h3><p>People with IBD are more likely to have or develop other chronic conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, lung disease, arthritis, cancer, liver disease, and migraine.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="10"></span> An estimated 81% of people with IBD have another chronic disease. The increased risk of other conditions is likely due to inflammation associated with IBD, which may be systemic (bodywide) and affect more than just the GI tract.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="11"></span></p><p>People with IBS are more likely to experience other functional disorders, such as fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, chronic pelvic pain, and temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ). Researchers are working to identify the connection between IBS and other functional disorders.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="12"></span> Some evidence suggests that changes in how the brain and gut communicate may play a role, and certain genetic and lifestyle factors may contribute to the development of these disorders.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="13"></span> </p><h3>The Treatment Options for IBS and IBD Aren&#39;t the Same</h3><p>There is no cure for IBS or IBD, and treatment approaches are vastly different for each condition. </p><p><a href="https://www.health.com/condition/ibs/treatments-for-ibs" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">IBS treatment</a> focuses on relieving symptoms and often involves dietary changes, stress management, and different medications to control specific symptoms, such as anti-diarrheal medicines for diarrhea, laxatives for constipation, and antispasmodic or anti-depressant drugs for pain management.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><p>IBD treatment aims to reduce inflammation and prevent symptom flare-ups and damage to the GI tract. Treatments may include anti-inflammatory medications, immunomodulators, and biologic drugs. In some cases, surgery may be required to remove damaged sections of the intestine. Because it can lead to serious complications, IBD generally requires more regular monitoring than IBS.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><h2>Similarities</h2><p>Despite their fundamental differences, IBS and IBD have some similarities—both conditions can impact quality of life, share potential symptom triggers, and require dietary management. </p><h3>IBS and IBD Both Affect Quality of Life </h3><p>Both IBS and IBD can have a profound impact on your quality of life. The unpredictable and sometimes debilitating symptoms can disrupt daily activities and interfere with your ability to work, go to school, travel, or socialize.</p><p>On top of chronic GI pain, people with either condition may experience anxiety about potential flare-ups and the need to plan life around bathroom access, which can lead to social isolation, depression, and a lower quality of life.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="14"></span></p><h3>Stress Can Trigger Symptom Flares With IBS and IBD </h3><p>Psychological factors like stress and anxiety are well-known triggers for symptom flare-ups in both IBS and IBD. Research suggests the gut-brain axis—a complex network linking the brain and the GI tract—plays a role in how stress affects these conditions.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="16"></span> Stress can change the way the gut and brain communicate and alter the sensitivity and function of the digestive system, triggering the onset of flare-ups or worsening of IBS or IBD symptoms.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="17"></span></p><p>Similarly, <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/stress/effects-of-stress-on-the-body" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">stress can worsen inflammation</a> in people with IBD and trigger symptom flare-ups or more severe symptoms. <a href="https://www.health.com/stress-management-8551051" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Stress management techniques</a>, such as meditation and regular physical activity, are important for living well with IBS or IBD.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="16"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="17"></span></p><h3>Both IBS and IBD Require Dietary Modifications </h3><p>Dietary modifications play an essential role in managing both IBS and IBD to help relieve or control symptoms. With IBS, nutritional adjustments may involve identifying and eliminating trigger foods that worsen symptoms, eating more fiber, and following a <a href="https://www.health.com/fodmap-diet-7970881" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">low-FODMAP diet</a>.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span></p><p>With IBD, dietary changes may include avoiding certain foods that worsen gut inflammation or following a specific diet, such as an anti-inflammatory or Mediterranean diet.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="19"></span></p><p>While the dietary needs vary from person to person, people with IBS or IBD can generally benefit from a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and lean protein while limiting processed, fried, and greasy foods.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><h2>Can You Have Both IBS and IBD?</h2><p>Yes, it is possible to have both IBS and IBD. Some people with IBD may experience IBS symptoms, particularly when IBD is well-controlled (in remission). Researchers believe there may be several explanations for why this happens:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="21"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="20"></span></p><ul><li>IBD-related inflammation may damage nerves in the gut or make the gut more sensitive, leading to changes in gut function even in the absence of inflammation. </li><li>Disruptions to the gut microbiome, the community of microorganisms that live in the gut, may trigger IBS symptoms in people with IBD. </li><li>The stress and anxiety of living with a chronic inflammatory condition like IBD can trigger IBS symptoms like abdominal pain and diarrhea even when IBD is in remission. </li></ul><p>To diagnose IBS in people with IBD, healthcare providers use a standardized set of criteria known as the Rome criteria. These criteria help distinguish between different types of gastrointestinal disorders. Although there can be some overlap between the symptoms of IBD in remission and IBS, using these criteria helps healthcare providers make a more accurate diagnosis and develop appropriate treatment plans.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="20"></span></p><h2>When To Seek Care and Who to Contact</h2><p>See a healthcare provider if you experience persistent or severe symptoms of IBS or IBD, including:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span> </p><ul><li>Abdominal pain or cramping </li><li>Bloody stools</li><li>Excessive gas or bloating</li><li>Frequent diarrhea, constipation, or both </li><li>Unintentional weight loss </li><li>Fever</li></ul><p>If you&#39;ve not already under the care of a GI specialist (<a href="https://www.health.com/gastroenterologist-7253694" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">gastroenterologist</a>), your first point of contact should be your primary care physician. They can review your symptoms and medical history and may order initial diagnostic tests or refer you to a gastroenterologist if they suspect IBS or IBD.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span></p><p>A gastroenterologist is a doctor specializing in diagnosing and treating conditions affecting the gastrointestinal system.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="22"></span> They can perform specialized tests, such as an endoscopy or colonoscopy, to diagnose the cause of your symptoms and recommend the appropriate treatment.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="24"></span> </p><p>Your PCP may refer you to a specific gastroenterologist in your area based on your health insurance plan, or you may choose to find a GI specialist on your own. Some hospitals and organizations have online directories where you can search for specialists by location, and some insurance providers have search tools to find an in-network provider.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="23"></span></p><p>A couple of trustworthy directories you can use include the American College of Gastroenterology&#39;s <a href="https://gi.org/patients/find-a-gastroenterologist/" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1">Find a Gastroenterologist tool</a> and the Crohn&#39;s &amp; Colitis Foundation&#39;s <a href="https://www.crohnscolitisfoundation.org/find-a-medical-expert" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="2">Find a Medical Expert</a>.</p><h2>A Quick Review</h2><p>Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are two gastrointestinal conditions that share some symptoms, such as diarrhea and abdominal pain. However, they are distinct conditions and require different treatment approaches. IBS is a functional disorder that does not damage the intestines, while IBD involves chronic inflammation that damages the gastrointestinal tract. </p><p>Despite their differences, both IBS and IBD can affect your quality of life and require treatment and lifestyle modifications. See a healthcare provider if you experience persistent or severe digestive issues like abdominal pain, bloody stools, frequent diarrhea, or constipation. Early diagnosis and treatment can control symptoms and help people with IBS and IBD live well. <br/></p><p></p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/ibs-vs-ibd-8660461">Health.com</a>.</p>
  37. Health Benefits of Cardarine

    Fri, 21 Jun 2024 06:00:00 -0000

    <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/B4tNIlvlftFxBPputbcVdEk1Xpk&#x3D;/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc():format(jpeg)/Health-cardarine-GettyImages-1484256790-d68f1b5de51446f397db6aad50f3c1fb.jpg' alt='<p>mihailomilovanovic / Getty Images</p>' title='Woman wearing leggings and sports top taking supplement after a workout'> <figcaption> <i><p>mihailomilovanovic / Getty Images</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><strong>Medically reviewed by Lindsay Cook, PharmD</strong><strong>Medically reviewed by Lindsay Cook, PharmD</strong><p>Cardarine—also known as GW1516, GW501516, and Endurobol—is a banned artificial substance that appears to improve metabolism, blood sugar levels, and physical endurance. Studies suggest it alters how the body metabolizes fat. For this reason, the substance has particularly appealed to professional athletes seeking to improve athletic performance.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>While Cardarine was initially studied to treat health conditions like diabetes, heart disease, and obesity, animal research linked the substance to the development of multiple types of cancer—leading researchers to pull it from human clinical trials. Cardarine has been banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency, among other organizations, since 2009.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span><br/></p><h2>May Stimulate Weight Loss</h2><p>Cardarine falls under a class of drugs known as metabolic modulators, which are substances that modify the body&#39;s <a href="https://www.health.com/metabolism-7709380" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">metabolism</a> without negatively affecting other cardiovascular functions, like blood flow.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="10"></span> As a metabolic modulator, Cardarine may help promote weight loss and <a href="https://www.health.com/how-to-lose-fat-and-gain-muscle-at-the-same-time-8583914" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">fat loss</a>.</p><p>Older animal studies and some research reviews suggest Cardarine could <a href="https://www.health.com/obesity-treatment-8400847" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">treat obesity</a> by encouraging the body to store less fat and stimulating the body to mimic the positive effects of exercise.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="12"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="11"></span></p><p>However, there are no long-term studies on this purported benefit in humans, and research on Cardarine in humans has halted due to links between the substance and cancer.</p><h2>May Support Diabetes Treatment</h2><p>Some research has explored the effectiveness of Cardarine in <a href="https://www.health.com/type-2-diabetes-causes-6889992" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">type 2 diabetes</a> prevention and other aspects of diabetes treatment.</p><p>One animal study found that Cardarine improved blood sugar and insulin levels in <a href="https://www.health.com/gestational-diabetes-overview-7151701" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">gestational diabetes</a>, a condition that causes high blood sugar levels during pregnancy and can lead to delivery complications.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="13"></span></p><p>Another study showed that Cardarine could assist with wound healing in people with diabetes who are prone to developing hard-to-heal wounds—leading to complications like infection or, in some cases, amputation.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span><br/></p><p>Although human research on Cardarine has halted, experts continue to study the use of other metabolic modulators for diabetes treatment. In theory, metabolic modulators can help promote the effects of exercise while preventing <a href="https://www.health.com/insulin-resistance-7377181" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">insulin resistance</a> (when your body can&#39;t use the hormone that helps regulate blood sugar levels).<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="14"></span></p><h2>Potentially Regulates Blood Lipid Levels</h2><p>Cardarine belongs to a class of drugs known as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), which affect the hormones that regulate blood sugar and blood lipid levels in the body. Blood lipid levels, which represent the amount of cholesterol and fats in the blood, can be dangerous when high—leading to <a href="https://www.health.com/condition/heart-disease/heart-health" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">cardiovascular complications</a>.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="19"></span></p><p>Some initial research looked at Cardarine as a possible treatment for <span data-tts="true">dyslipidemia</span>, a metabolic disorder that results from an imbalance of lipids in the blood. The condition is a known risk factor for <a href="https://www.health.com/heart-disease-causes-7094403" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">heart disease</a>.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span></p><p>However, further human research in this area stopped when researchers discovered that Cardarine appeared to cause cancer in various animal organs—including the liver, stomach, skin, bladder, <a href="https://www.health.com/ovarian-cancer-overview-6891740" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">ovaries</a>, and more.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span><br/></p><h2>May Improve Athletic Performance</h2><p>Cardarine&#39;s potential fat-burning and energy metabolism-improving properties have made it an enticing, though illegal, substance for enhancing athletic performance.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span></p><p>Studies suggest Cardarine can change gene activity by binding to certain androgen (hormone) receptors in the body. This change would affect a person&#39;s energy output and improve their <a href="https://www.health.com/fitness/cardiovascular-endurance" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">endurance</a>, meaning an athlete could work out more intensely and for longer durations.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="21"></span></p><p>In theory, this would be helpful for both cardiovascular and <a href="https://www.health.com/weight-training-lower-blood-pressure-7485185" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">weight-lifting</a> training sessions by allowing for exercise repetition without fatigue or a heart rate spike.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="20"></span></p><h2>How To Take Cardarine</h2><p>Cardarine is not a legal or approved supplement, so there&#39;s no recommended way to take it.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>Experts caution that some supplements on the market (whether in capsule, powder, or liquid form) may be produced with or contaminated with this chemical.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>Though Cardarine is an illicit substance, multiple professional athletes have tested positive for Cardarine over the past decade, resulting in doping violations and suspensions.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span><br/></p><h3>Dosage</h3><p>Since Cardarine hasn&#39;t been tested extensively in humans and is listed on &#34;prohibited&#34; drug lists around the world, there is no expert-backed dosage for the supplement.</p><p>The limited human studies using Cardanine offered participants 2.5-10 milligrams (mg) of Cardarine daily.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="5"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="4"></span> Animal studies used larger doses of the compound, and researchers observed severe side effects.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="21"></span></p><p>There have also been reports of some athletes misusing Cardarine and taking dosages of 10-20 mg daily.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="7"></span><br/></p><h2>Is Cardarine Safe?</h2><p>Current evidence shows that Cardarine is not considered safe for human consumption because it hasn&#39;t undergone enough long-term research in humans. Clinical trials were stopped when researchers found the compound was connected to cancer development in animals.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span><br/></p><h3>What To Look For</h3><p>It&#39;s not legal to produce Cardarine for consumers in the United States, so you will not find a Cardarine supplement product from any pharmaceutical companies or reputable laboratories.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not regulate <a href="https://www.health.com/supplements-7775481" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">supplements</a> in the same way it regulates medications, so there are black market companies that claim to sell Cardarine online. Any products listing Cardarine are illegitimate and may carry a risk of contamination.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="9"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span></p><p>Typically, reputable online retailers submit their products to third-party testing companies like the U.S. Pharmacopeia (USP) and ConsumerLab to ensure product potency and purity. With any legal supplement, look for this certification stamp on the label to make sure you&#39;re getting a high-quality product.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="17"></span></p><h3>Can You Take Too Much Cardarine?</h3><p>In general, avoid taking any amount of Cardarine. It&#39;s a banned substance by doping agencies worldwide. Research has not shown any amount of Cardarine is safe in humans.<br/></p><h2>Side Effects of Cardarine</h2><p>There hasn&#39;t been enough long-term testing done on humans to fully evaluate the potential side effects of Cardarine. In available studies, a main and severe side effect that researchers observed in animals was the compound&#39;s link to the quick development of cancer in multiple organs.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><p>In one case study, a 43-year-old male misused Cardarine in combination with another similar athletic performance-enhancing supplement. He reported side effects like stomach pain, muscle pain, and severe headaches.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="16"></span><br/></p><h2>A Quick Review</h2><p>Cardarine is a banned synthetic substance that may alter how the body metabolizes fat. Originally, the substance showed promise in research for treating diabetes, heart disease, and <a href="https://www.health.com/obesity-7967228" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">obesity</a>. However, medical experts halted studies on Cardarine when evidence linked it to cancer development in animals.</p><p>While its potential sports performance-enhancing benefits have made it alluring for professional athletes, Cardarine has been banned by doping agencies. The substance would require more human research before it could be safely recommended for use.</p><p></p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/cardarine-benefits-8647698">Health.com</a>.</p>
  38. What Is an Esthetician?

    Fri, 21 Jun 2024 06:00:00 -0000

    <figure> <img src='https://www.health.com/thmb/mX4ZsAJHKnH38BQbrPY9r-ukCi8&#x3D;/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc():format(jpeg)/Health-GettyImages-1459205212-48a6b5721f7a4462b788a25c0bf25061.jpg' alt='<p>JackF / Getty Images</p>' title='a woman looking in a mirror'> <figcaption> <i><p>JackF / Getty Images</p></i> </figcaption> </figure><strong>Medically reviewed by Susan Bard, MD</strong><strong>Medically reviewed by Susan Bard, MD</strong><p>An esthetician is a licensed professional trained to perform esthetic services, which are various cosmetic techniques to improve the appearance and health of your skin. Esthetic treatments may include facial steaming, body treatments, and hair removal treatments such as waxing. When you go to an esthetician, they may also share skin care tips after treatment to help you maintain vibrant and healthy skin.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="22"></span></p><p>A person may choose to visit an esthetician to improve their skin&#39;s appearance or help manage a particular type of skin concern, such as aging or acne. When to see an esthetician and what you want out of the experience is completely up to you. Just keep in mind that while estheticians can improve the appearance of your skin, they cannot medically treat skin conditions.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span><br/></p><h2>What Does an Esthetician Do?</h2><p>Estheticians are licensed to perform various in-office services that benefit your skin. What an esthetician is licensed to do varies based on qualifications in each state in the United States. Your esthetician will first ask you what you are looking for in your treatment before suggesting what to do during your visit.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="3"></span></p><p>Here are some of the services an esthetician may be able to provide:</p><h3>Facial Treatments</h3><p>Facial treatments are a deep cleansing of the face. The treatment typically involves steaming and may include exfoliation (removal of dead skin cells) and extractions to remove <a href="https://www.health.com/sebum-7967155" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">sebum</a> (oil), dead skin cells, and other debris from the skin follicles. A deep cleansing is usually the first step in your visit to the esthetician before they apply a mask, peel, or cream to your face.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="22"></span></p><h3>Microdermabrasion</h3><p><a href="https://www.health.com/microdermabrasion-6831561" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Microdermabrasion</a> is a non-invasive treatment that uses a device to improve the texture of your skin. For instance, the treatment can improve skin that has <a href="https://www.health.com/beauty/anti-aging-skincare-for-sun-damage" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">sun damage</a>, fine lines, stretch marks, or wrinkles.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="23"></span></p><p>Microdermabrasion gently exfoliates your skin to remove dead skin cells and trigger cell turnover to stimulate blood circulation and <a href="https://www.health.com/collagen-skincare-8549988" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">collagen</a> production. Having more collagen in your skin helps your skin appear elastic and more youthful.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="23"></span></p><p>Your skin may feel some sensitivity or develop redness temporarily after having a microdermabrasion treatment.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="23"></span></p><h3>Chemical Peels</h3><p>Chemical peels diminish the signs of aging on the face, neck, and hands by making the skin appear smoother.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="8"></span> During treatment, acids are applied to the skin to stimulate your skin&#39;s natural healing response. Skin rejuvenation (improving the appearance of skin) after a chemical peel helps reduce scarring, uneven <a href="https://www.health.com/how-to-improve-skin-texture-7570216" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">skin textures</a>, and acne. Chemical peels can also improve the appearance of hyperpigmentation (a condition that causes some parts of the skin to appear discolored).<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="24"></span></p><h3>Waxing</h3><p>Some estheticians can wax hair on your face and other parts of the body. During a wax, an esthetician applies warm wax to your skin using a wooden stick with hardened wax on the end. Once the wax becomes firm, the esthetician quickly removes the patch of wax so that the hair is removed from the follicle.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="25"></span></p><p>An esthetician may recommend exfoliating the day before a waxing appointment. You may feel pain as the hair is being removed or after the wax.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="25"></span></p><h3>Body Treatments</h3><p>Estheticians offer a variety of body treatments, such as body polishes and scrubs. Body polishes use salt, sugar, and other moisturizing substances to smooth and exfoliate the skin by removing dead skin cells.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="26"></span></p><p>Chemical exfoliants with alpha and beta hydroxy acids may also be present in body scrubs to remove dead skin cells. Body scrubs are applied using a dry brush or by hand.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="26"></span></p><p>Mud masks are another body treatment commonly used during esthetician visits to make the skin appear glowy and smooth.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="26"></span></p><h3>Permanent Makeup</h3><p>Permanent makeup is a service that involves permanently tattooing eyeliner, lip liner, or eyebrows on the face. Some people may get permanent blush and eyeshadow. The procedure is known as micropigmentation. While commonly used as a cosmetic procedure, permanent makeup may also improve or hide the look of scars on the face and body.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="27"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span></p><h2>Esthetician vs. Aesthetician</h2><p>Although both perform similar services, an esthetician is different from an aesthetician. An esthetician is licensed to perform cosmetic procedures that are not medical in nature while an aesthetician is a professional trained to perform cosmetic medical procedures. However, some estheticians may be trained in both.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="22"></span></p><p>Aestheticians can assist medical providers in facial plastic surgery offices. They may assist with pre- and post-operative care for people who have had surgery.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="13"></span></p><h2>Benefits of Seeing an Esthetician</h2><p>Estheticians are trained and licensed to help improve the look and health of your skin.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span></p><p>There are many potential benefits to seeing an esthetician, including:<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="16"></span></p><ul><li>Smoothing out the texture of your skin</li><li>Addressing signs of aging</li><li>Improving the appearance of your skin</li><li>Learning how to manage your skincare concerns</li></ul><p>One small study of 63 people found that facial treatments may improve your psychological health too. Facial treatments produced positive emotions that helped improve well-being among study participants. Researchers believe positive emotions came from the relaxing effects of the facial treatment.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="19"></span></p><h2>What Should You Look for in an Esthetician?</h2><p>When looking for an esthetician, it&#39;s important to do your research on their background, experience, and training.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="16"></span> A qualified esthetician should be licensed by the state in which they are practicing. Licensed estheticians are required to complete a certain amount of training hours, which vary by state. Required hours range from 250-1,500 hours.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="2"></span></p><h2>When To See a Healthcare Provider</h2><p>While estheticians can provide support and complementary therapies to dermatological treatment, they are not able to diagnose skin conditions or prescribe medications. If you suspect you might have a skin condition and want medical insight, you should see a dermatologist (a doctor specialized in conditions of the skin, hair, and nails) or other healthcare provider.</p><p>In some cases, an esthetician may refer you to a dermatologist or other healthcare provider.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span> For instance, if an esthetician notices signs of sexually transmitted infections on your skin while they are waxing you, they may recommend medical treatment.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="21"></span></p><h2>A Quick Review</h2><p>An esthetician is a trained and licensed professional who administers esthetic treatments. They provide a variety of services to improve the appearance of the skin, including facial and body treatments, microdermabrasion, and waxing. After an esthetic treatment, your skin may appear smoother and glowy. Treatments that estheticians are certified to perform vary state to state.</p><p>Estheticians are not certified to treat skin conditions. If you have a skin condition, speak with a dermatologist for long-term care as well as their advice on what services you should consider getting or avoiding from an esthetician.<br/></p><p></p><p></p><p> For more Health.com news, make sure to <a href="https://www.health.com/health-newsletter-opt-in-apple-news-7096415">sign up for our newsletter!</a></p> <p> Read the original article on <a href="https://www.health.com/esthetician-8648973">Health.com</a>.</p>
  39. Contractors signed for NSW Health's network infra upgrade and more briefs

    Fri, 21 Jun 2024 05:40:42 -0000

    Telstra, NTT contracted for major ICT upgrade in NSW health facilities

    eHealth NSW disclosed that telecommunications companies Telstra and NTT were tapped to upgrade the wired and wireless networking infrastructure of more than 1,100 public health facilities across New South Wales. 

    Hospitals and community health centres will "progressively undergo a refresh of local networking hardware and software that underpin our increasingly digital hospital environments," said Ian Schrader, infrastructure director at eHealth NSW. 

    The major network infrastructure upgrade is part of NSW Health's Health Grade Enterprise Network initiative for purchasing and managing statewide ICT network infrastructure.


    North Queensland GPs leverage AI for MyMedicare registrations

    General practices under the Northern Queensland Primary Health Network have adopted AI technology to boost voluntary patient registrations to MyMedicare.

    NQPHN recently partnered with health tech company Healthily to offer GPs across North Queensland the GoShare Voice technology to assist in identifying and reaching out to eligible patients for MyMedicare registration. The AI-based tool also enables automated outbound phone calls with patients who have not responded initially to SMS invites to MyMedicare to further discuss registration options and allow them to pose queries.

    MyMedicare is the federal government's voluntary patient registration model that aims to formalise the relationship between patients, their GPs, and primary care teams.

    With funding under NQPHN’s MyMedicare Mini Continuous Quality Improvement, the adoption of GoShare Voice will also assist GPs in preparing for impending changes to subsidised chronic conditions management items under the Medicare Benefits Scheme in November. 


    Austin Health's Virtual Ward now business-as-usual

    Austin Health's technology-enabled at-home care service, which was piloted in 2021 through federal government funding, is now running "business-as-usual."

    The Hospital in the Home & Virtual Care Virtual Ward now accommodates up to 10 patients at a time, focusing on high clinical acuity patients such as cardiac and haematology patients. They are monitored using a watch or patch and are seen in near-real time by a hospital-based care team via teleconference calls. 

    In February, the Virtual Ward started integrating data from wearable devices into the EMR, enhancing patient data management.

  40. Lower Back Pain Can be Reduced by Taking Regular Walks, Study Finds - Healthline

    Fri, 21 Jun 2024 01:30:00 -0000